(born on August 17, 1944, in Tirana) is an Albanian politician. He graduated from the University of Tirana (1966), Faculty of Natural Sciences, Branch Physics, as well as successfully accomplished the postgraduate studies in the University of Caen (France) (1974). With regard to the professional area, Meidani worked as professor, chair of the department and later as the dean of the Faculty of Natural Sciences (1966 1996). During this time span, Meidani published a number of studies, books and articles inside and outside of Albania. Meidani holds the scientific title Professor Doctor. Along with Eqrem Cabej and Nelson Cabej, Meidani has been considered as one of the leading academics in the country.
His political career began in the 1990s. He was the chair of the Central Election Commission in the first multiparty elections in 1991 and member of the Presidential Council (1991). During 1992 1996 he was engaged in the civil society by being also chair of the Board of the Albanian Center of Human Rights (1994 1996). In 1996, he joined the Socialist Party and was elected its Secretary General (1996 1997).
In the anticipated parliamentary elections of June 1997, Meidani was elected member of the parliament in the Albanian Assembly. After the elections, won by the left coalition and headed by the Socialist Party, on July 24, 1997, with the proposal of the SP, the Albanian Assembly elected Meidani the President of Albania. Meidani served as the third President until 2002, with Petrit Ago as his counselor.
Meidani was succeeded in the presidency by Alfred Moisiu in 2002.
In the 2005 Socialist Party Leadership Convention, which was to designate a successor to Fatos Nano, he was defeated by the current PS chairman Edi Rama. Meidani is currently a member of the Club of Madrid.
Rexhep Meidani is also a member of the Institute for Cultural Diplomacy advisory board. 
Honours and awards
- Knight Grand Cross of the Grand Order of King Tomislav ("For outstanding contribution to the promotion of friendship and development co-operation between the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Albania." April 4, 2001)