Search: in
Kolhapur
Kolhapur in Encyclopedia Encyclopedia
  Tutorials     Encyclopedia     Videos     Books     Software     DVDs  
       





Kolhapur

Kolhapur
Coordinates {{#if:16.7000|16 42 00 N 74 14 00 E / 16.7000 N 74.2333 E / 16.7000; 74.2333Coordinates: 16 42 00 N 74 14 00 E / 16.7000 N 74.2333 E / 16.7000; 74.2333
Country India
State Maharashtra
District(s) /Kolhapur
Mayor Kadambari Kawale[1]
Population 5,61,841 (2011[//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kolhapur&action=edit [update]])
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation

569 metres (1,867 ft)

Kolhapur {Marathi: } is a city situated in the southwest corner of Maharashtra, India. Kolhapur serves as the headquarters of the Kolhapur district. Kolhapur is situated on the banks of the river Panchganga and is the location of the Temple of Mahalakshmi, a Hindu goddess.

Contents


History

Mahalakshmi]]

According to Hindu mythology, Kolhapura was settled by Kolhasura, a demon who was later killed by Mahalakshmi to relieve the local populace. However, honouring the demon's dying wish, the city was named after him. Kolhapur finds mentions in Devi Gita, the final and most important chapter of the Srimad Devi Bhagawatam, as one the important places of Shakti "Kollamma" worship, "Devi spoke:..."O King of Mountains! Still I am now telling something out of My affection to My Bhaktas. Hear. There is a great place of pilgrimage named Kollapura in the southern country. Here the Devi Laksmi always dwells...."[2]

It is said that famous Kannadiga Rashtrakuta king Amoghavarsha Nrupathunga I (800 878 CE) deeply cared for his subjects and once when a calamity threatened to harm them, he offered his finger as a sacrifice to the goddess Mahalakshmi of Kollhapura.

During 940-1212 CE, it was the capital of the Shilahara dynasty of Kolhapur[3]. An inscription at Teradal mentions that king Gonka was healed from snakebite by a Jain monk and Gonka built a temple of Lord Neminath. Many Jain temples in this region build in the next few centuries are called Gonka-Jinalya after him. During the reign of Bhoja I, a dynamic Acharya Maghanandi helped establish an institute at Rupanarayana-Basadi. Several kings and nobles of the dynasty were disciples of Maghanandi. Maghanandi is often called Siddhanta-chakravarti i.e. the great master of the scriptures, Gandaraditya I was his disciple. He is sometimes called "Kolapuriya" or walyaa to distinguish him from many other Acharyas with the name Maghanandi.

Kolhapur was the site of intense confrontation between the Western Chalukyas and the Chola kings Rajadhiraja Chola and his younger brother Rajendra Chola II.[4] Following the Battle of Koppam in 1052, Rajendra Chola II marched on to Kolhapur and erected a jayastambha or victory pillar in the city.[4]

The Kopeshwar (Shiva) Temple, located in Kolhapur district, was built by Shilahara King Gandaraditya, Vijayaditya and Bhoj-II between 1109 and 1178 AD. It is nearly capital in time of Queen Tararani who is daughter in law of Chh. Shivaji Maharaj. Kolhapur, historically had a major influence and connections with the prevalent kingdoms of Greece/Rome, the availability of bust of Poseidon, the Greek god of sea at one of the excavated site of Kolhapur shows the relations of trade and co-operation shared with both kingdoms

Kolhapur as a princely state

Geography and climate

The Panchganga River at Kolhapur Kolhapur city is located in south-westen Maharashtra. It has an elevation of 569 metres (1867 ft) which is higher than that of Pune. By road, Kolhapur is 228 km south of Pune, 615 km north-west of Bangalore and 530 km west of Hyderabad.[5] The nearest cities and towns within Maharashtra are Ichalkaranji (20 km), Kagal (17 km), Sangli (50 km), and Miraj (45 km).

Kolhapur's climate is a blend of coastal and inland climate of Maharashtra. The temperature has a relatively narrow range between 10 C to 35 C. Summer in Kolhapur is comparatively cooler, but much more humid, compared to neighbouring inland cities. Maximum temperatures rarely exceed 38 C and typically range between 33 to 35 C. Lows during this season are around 24 C to 26 C. The city receives abundant rainfall from June to September due to its proximity to the Western Ghats. The heavy rains often lead to severe flooding in these months. Temperatures are low in the rainy season and range between 19 C to 30 C. Kolhapur experiences winter from November to February. The winter temperatures are a bit higher compared to other cities in Maharashtra such as Pune and Nasik. Lows range from 9 C to 16 C while highs are in the range of 26 C to 32 C due to its high elevation and being adjacent to the Western Ghats. Humidity is low in this season making weather much more pleasant. In 2005 & 2006 there was excessive rainfall in Kolhapur resulting in floods.

Culture

Majority of the city dwellers are Marathas along with smaller communities of Brahmins, Buddhists,Gujaratis Marwadis, Marathi Jains, Kannadigas mainly Lingayats and Sindhis with minority population of Muslims. Although Marathi is the main language spoken here due to migration from neighboring Karnataka state considerable kannada speaking people reside. So, this mix culture highlights Kolhapur as a cosmopolitan city.

Kolhapuri Pheta

Pheta (Feta) i.e. Turban is a specialty in Kolhapur. Wearing a turban is high respect.It is a customary honor to guest who comes from other place is welcomed by the offering him to wear the traditional turban. Actually the turban is a long cloth off 3.5 to 6 meters. It is the specific Saffron color is most choice for Kolhapuri turbans. Except this many other varieties are also. Some of lined varieties of the turban are called as Lahiri Feta. In previous period it was customary. Forefathers from many families where using turban in their costume. And it was a part of the Male costume. Wearing turban is an art. Turban is plane cloth had majored by width 1 metre x 4 metres in length. It is folded in six or seven folds in width after which an end of one-fourth meter is given as tail which is known as Shemala. This part of tail blows on air while riding on vehicle especially to Wheeler. The style of the heroes is recorded in many Marathi Cinema. The turban is wrapped on Head with a special style. Last tend of turban is portion of Michael. It decorates leading personality so it is the custom that many family ceremonials are insisted fit us. Muscular bodied wrestlers wearing a special and Festival clothes are decorative road streams is a heritage of City. Except this during festivals as like Dasara, Diwali & Padwa, use of the turban is a common trend.

Kolhapuri Saaz (Jewellery)

The Kolhapuri Saaz is famous ornament worn by Kolhapuri Women since long. This artistically made jewellery due to its specific design and pattern looks tremendously beautiful which adds to the glory to the person wearing it. The saaz being so famous there are many Marathi Movie Songs about it. The jewelers at Gujri Market design and make these ornament.

Kolhapuri Chappal

Kolhapuri chappals are world famous. Known as Pie-taan () in local language specially made from leather which is processed in local areas, cobbler community traditionally prepares these chappals.There are three major varieties of Kolhapuri chappals. First type is made in Kolhapur. Other types are Kapashi and Dongari. These chappals are stout, sturdy, day long usable. These are very popular in rural areas.The chappal is completely made from processed leather. Buffalo leather is used for chappals. Some other qualities of Kolhapuri chappals are also available: but these are fashionable varieties. Upper part of shoe is made by attractive processed leather. But lower part i.e sole is made from rubber sheets. This type of chappal is given to customers as Kolhapuri chappals is not actual Kolhapuri chappal. In surrounded area of Kolhapur many cobblers make chappals. This trade is worldwide and receives a big fund.

Kolhapur Film industry

Another field that Kolhapur prides itself of is films. In certain circles, Kolhapur was and is still considered as capital of the Marathi film industry as it has originated at this place. Legendary personalities like Bhalaji Pendharkar, Baburao Painter and V. Shantaram started their careers from Kolhapur. It has been credited as the place where Raja Harishchandra, the first feature film ever produced in India, was conceptualized. Kolhapur still plays host to many film festivals and provides location for shooting. Popular locations for filming include the Rankala Lake, Banks of River Panchganga, Panhala Fort, local farms, Mahalakshmi temple.

Industrial Development

Industrial development in Kolhapur was initiated by an industrial estate known as Udyamnagar which is still running with small scale industries and workshops.Kolhapur has three main industrial corporations (MIDC)namely Shiroli, Gokul Shirgaon and five star MIDC at Kagal. Kolhapur is one of the most important places for foundry businesses. Most of the foundries are in sand casting. Mechanical industries in Kolhapur are major suppliers to the OEM customers like Tata, Bajaj, Mahindra and Mahindra, General Motors, etc.

  • Few of the large industries are
    • Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd
    • Manugraph India Ltd
    • Menon Group of Companies
    • Raymond Textiles
    • Kolhapur steel ltd
    • Mather and Platt pumps
    • Sanjay Ghodawat group of Industries
    • R. M. Mohite Group of Industries
    • Vardhaman textiles
    • Ghatge Patil Industries
    • Undercarriage and Tractor Parts Pvt.ltd.
    • Carrera Holdings
    • Gokul Milk Co-operative
    • Warana Co-operative Group

Transportation

Railway

Kolhapur railway station known as Chattrapati Shahu Maharaj Terminus is connected to major Indian cities like Mumbai, Pune, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Solapur, Nagpur, Tirupati, Ahmedabad, Delhi, Dhanbad through express trains. There are daily passenger shuttle services between Kolhapur and Miraj.

Road

Kolhapur is connected to Mumbai to the north and Bangalore to the south by National Highway 4 which is further extended to Chennai. The city is one of the primary destinations on this highway. Kolhapur has three state transport bus stands namely Central Bus Stand (CBS), Rankala Bus Stand & Sambhajinagar Bus Stand. Kolhapur Municipal Transport buses cover almost all routes inside the city. The National highway connectivity also ensures a large number of private bus service offerings.

Air

Kolhapur has an domestic airport at Ujalaiwadi, 9 km from city. There were regular services to Mumbai by Kingfisher Airlines. But due to financial crises within Kingfisher there are no scheduled flights presently.

Education

Shivaji University established in 1962, is located in Kolhapur. The jurisdiction of the University is spread over three districts of Kolhapur, Sangli and Satara districts with strength of about 2,00,000 students studying in 225 affiliated colleges and recognised institutes. The University imparts education in 10 major faculties of Arts, Social Science, Science, Commerce, Education, Fine Arts, Law, Medicine, Ayurvedic Medicine, Engineering and Technology.

There are many institutes in Kolhapur which provide Ayurvedic, homeopathic and pharmacy courses. Famous primary and higher-secondary schools in Kolhapur are Vidyapeeth High School, Chhatrapati Shahu Vidyalaya, St. Xavier High School, New English Medium School, Holy Cross Convent School,Private high school,Kolhapur public school(BUDS),Shantiniketan etc. There are many residential schools being established in the city.Some ICSE-IGCSE curriculum schools like Podar international,VIBGYOR have also started operating in the city.

Sports

Kolhapur is famous for Wrestling. Khasbaug wrestling stadium is one of the largest stadiums in India for wrestling with seating capacity of about 20,000 people. Kolhapur has also contributed in Olympic level games such as shooting, and swimming. Tejaswini Sawant, who won the Gold Medal for 50m rifle prone shooting at the 2010 ISSF World Shooting Championships held in Munich, is from Kolhapur. She is the first woman shooter representing India who has won gold medal in this event. Virdhawal Khade, from Kolhapur, who has won medals in national as well as international events of swimming. Kolhapur's new rising sport is karting with a dedicated karting track by Mohite's Academy and training facility has seen many young boys and girls take part in National level Karting events.

Suhas Khamkar is a professional bodybuilder who drew inspiration from Arnold Schwarzenegger and embarked on a journey of becoming a world champion in the sport of bodybuilding. the kolhapur people's like football and there 4 stedium's in kolhapur shivaji stedium,shahu stedium,polo ground 1 and 2.

Football is very famous in Kolhapur. Kolhapur League matches are held at Shahu Stadium Kolhapur. League games between famous clubs like P.T.M, Kahandoba leaves Stadium jam packed. Recently FIFA has approved Shahu Stadium for getting turf. ONGC Leage games are also held at Shahu Stadium.

Cuisine

The city also lends its name to many common products such as Kolhapuri Lavangi Mirchi, Kolhapuri Gul and Kolhapuri Masala. Most preparations in Kolhapuri cuisine include usage of "Kolhapuri Masala". The most famous part of the Kolhapuri cuisine are red meat preparations called Tambada Rassa (Red Curry), Pandhara Rassa (White Curry), and Sukaa Mutton (Dry Meat)and Kolhapuri Misal. Jaggery is produced here in large scale due to large production of Sugarcane.

Kolhapuri Misal

Kolhapuri Misal is one of the famous dishes of Kolhapur. Hot and Spicy are the words which describe the dish to certain extent.This is a delicious dish. It is not a snack but a medium diet. Anybody who wish to have a variety of food, will definitely like this dish. For preparation of the dish confectionery items are preferentially used. Chivada, Shev, Papadi are the indigents of dish. A thin curry covers for all confectionary items. For making it tasty ginger, garlic, mint is also used. The dish is accompanied by a slice of bread. Some chopped onion along with lime makes it even more mouth-watering. Tasting it with the bread and enjoying the "Kat" (curry) is a craze in Kolhapur. In every hotel this dish is available but a few places in town are renowned.

Tambra/Pandra Rassa

Every Culture has a special food and cuisine attached to it. In case of Kolhapur its the Non-Veg that makes a mark as a special cuisine. Kolhapur has a some good traditional dishes prepared from "Mutton" (goat meat) which are very tasty and delightful.

" Pandhra Rassa " the white curry is a liked starter at Kolhapur. A Soup like dish of water used to boil the "Mutton" along with spices such as coriander , ginger & garlic etc. This is a very tasty pre-food item. Apart from taste it has certain medicinal use as well. This "Rassa" is recommended for cough and throat related ailments. This is a part of a well-know duo curries. the other one is termed as "Tambra Rassa"

"Tambra Rassa" the second starter of the duo. This is a curry prepared using red chilly powder to make it appear "Tambra" redish. Made in almost same ways as Pandra Rassa this type of curry is more famous within the rural area of Kolhapur. After these starters comes the special roasted mutton.

"Roasted Mutton" is a special variety of non-veg dish prepared extensively at Kolhapur. The special recipe of this mutton makes it a unique disk attributed to Kolhapur. Different varieties of this dishes are prepared with different spices. One such famous type is "Ghaati" Mutton. These various dishes along with "Bhakari" or "Chapaati" constitute the Kolhapuri Taat.

Places of interest

Mahalakshmi Temple]], Kolhapur. The New Palace, Kolhapur

  • Temples
    • Mahalakshmi Temple
    • Khidrapur (Kopeshwar Shiva Temple)
    • Jotiba
    • Narsinhwadi
    • Kashi Vishveshwar Temple
    • Bahubali
    • Katyani Devi
    • Tembalai alias Tryamboli
    • Radha Krishna Temple
    • Kaneri Math
    • Shankaracharya Cloister (Math)
    • Siddhivinayak Ganapati Mandir
  • Lakes
    • Rankala lake
    • Kalamba lake
    • Panchganga

Town Hall Museum, Kolhapur.

  • Historical places
    • Panhala
    • Vishalgad,pavankhind
    • samaangad
    • Bhudargad
    • paargad
    • Dajipur Bison Sanctuary
    • New Palace,Raman Mala, Kolhapur
    • Bhavani Mandap
    • Shalini Palace, Kolhapur
    • Chandrakant Mandare museum
    • Town Hall museum
    • Motibag Talim
    • Shivaji University
    • Khasbaug Talim
    • Giroli Tourist Park
    • Barkhi
    • Ramtirth , Ajara
    • Radhanagari Dam
    • Gokak Falls

See also

References

  1. http://www.kolhapurcorporation.gov.in/Mayor.html
  2. ''Devi Gita''; Chapter XXXVIII: The Vow and the Sacred Places of the Devi The Devi Gita (Song of the Goddess), Excerpt from the Srimad Devi Bhagawatam, translated by Swami Vijnanananda (Hari Prasanna Chatterji), 1921."O King of Mountains! Still I am now telling something out of My affection to My Bhaktas. Hear. There is a great place of pilgrimage named Kolhapura in the southern country. Here the Devi Laksmi always dwells. The second place is Matripura in the Sahyadri mountain; here the Devi Renuka dwells." Verses: 3-10.
  3. Temples and legends of Maharashtra, Volume 97 of Bhavan's book university, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1962
  4. a b
  5. Google Maps

External links

bn: ca:Kolhapur (ciutat) de:Kolhapur es:Kolhapur eo:Kolhapur fa: fr:Kolhapur ko: hi: bpy: it:Kolhapur kn: pam:Kolhapur mr: nl:Kolhapur ne: new: ja: no:Kolhapur pnb: pl:Kolhapur pt:Kolhapur ro:Kholapur ru: fi:Kolhapur sv:Kolhapur ta: te: vi:Kolhapur war:Kolhapur






Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article



Search for Kolhapur in Tutorials
Search for Kolhapur in Encyclopedia
Search for Kolhapur in Videos
Search for Kolhapur in Books
Search for Kolhapur in Software
Search for Kolhapur in DVDs
Search for Kolhapur in Store




Advertisement




Kolhapur in Encyclopedia
Kolhapur top Kolhapur

Home - Add TutorGig to Your Site - Disclaimer

©2011-2013 TutorGig.info All Rights Reserved. Privacy Statement