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Coronal consonant
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Coronal consonant

Coronal consonants are consonants articulated with the flexible front part of the tongue. Only the coronal consonants can be divided into apical (using the tip of the tongue), laminal (using the blade of the tongue), domed (with the tongue bunched up), or subapical (using the underside of the tongue), as well as a few rarer orientations,[1] because only the front of the tongue has such dexterity. Coronals have another dimension, grooved, that is used to make sibilants in combination with the orientations above. In Arabic and Maltese philology, the sun letters transcribe coronal consonants.

In Australian languages, coronals contrast with peripheral consonants.

Australian coronal consonants
Laminal Apical
Alveopalatal Dental Alveolar Retroflex
Stop
Nasal
Lateral

Places of articulation

Coronal places of articulation include the dental consonants at the upper teeth, the alveolar consonants at the upper gum (the alveolar ridge), the various postalveolar consonants (domed palato-alveolar, laminal alveolo-palatal, and apical retroflex) just behind that, the true retroflex consonants curled back against the hard palate, and linguolabial consonants with the tongue against the upper lip.

Familiar coronal consonants
(missing: linguolabial, alveolo-palatal, retroflex)
IPA
Symbol
Name of the consonant Example IPA
Voiced alveolar fricative zoo
Voiceless alveolar fricative sea
Voiced dental fricative that
Voiceless dental fricative thud
Voiced postalveolar fricative vision
Voiceless postalveolar fricative she
Alveolar nasal name
Voiced alveolar stop day
Voiceless alveolar stop tea
Alveolar approximant reef
Lateral alveolar approximant lift
Alveolar trill Spanish perro
Alveolar tap Spanish pero

See also

  • Peripheral consonants, the set of non-coronal consonants
  • Apical consonant
  • Laminal consonant
  • Subapical consonant
  • Place of articulation
  • List of phonetics topics

References

br:Kensonenn kurunenn an teod de:Koronal es:Consonante coronal eo:Koronalo fr:Consonne coronale ko: it:Consonante coronale lv:Koron ls l dzskanis ms:Konsonan koronal nl:Coronaal (fonetiek) ja: no:Koronaler pl:Sp g oska przednioj zykowa ru: simple:Coronal consonant sv:Koronal konsonant uk: zh:






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