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Confluence

Confluence of rivers, the Mosel flows into the Rhine at Koblenz. The Name
Confluence of rivers, the Mosel flows into the Rhine at Koblenz. The Name "Koblenz" itself has its origin in the latin name "Confluentes"
Confluence of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers to produce the Ganges at Devprayag, India. Note the swirl of sediment from the Alaknanda.
Confluence of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers to produce the Ganges at Devprayag, India. Note the swirl of sediment from the Alaknanda.
Confluence of canalsThis simplified diagram shows how a section of the Industrial Canal in New Orleans also serves as the channel for the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal. At the bottom, a portion of the Intracoastal is also shown to be
Confluence of canals
This simplified diagram shows how a section of the Industrial Canal in New Orleans also serves as the channel for the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal. At the bottom, a portion of the Intracoastal is also shown to be "confluent" with the Mississippi River.
The confluence of the Rio Negro (black) and the Rio Solim es (sandy) near Manaus, Brazil.
The confluence of the Rio Negro (black) and the Rio Solim es (sandy) near Manaus, Brazil.

In geography, a confluence is the meeting of two or more bodies of water. Known also as a conflux,[1] it refers either to the point where a tributary joins a larger river, called the main stem, or where two streams meet to become the source of a river of a new name, such as the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania creating the Ohio River.

The term is also used to describe the meeting of tidal or other non-riverine bodies of water, such as two canals[2] or a canal and a lake.[3] A one-mile (1.6 km) portion of the Industrial Canal in New Orleans accommodates the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal; therefore those three waterways are confluent there.

Notable confluences

  • The Sangam, near Allahabad, India, where the sacred rivers Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati meet to create one of the holiest places in Hinduism.
  • The Ohio River is formed by the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers, located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  • The Madison, Jefferson and Gallatin Rivers in Three Forks, Montana form the confluence of the Missouri River, one of the longest rivers in the United States (2,341 miles (3,767 km)).
  • Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia, is situated at the confluence of the Gombak River (previously known as Sungai Lumpur, which means muddy river) and the Klang River.
  • Passau known also as the Dreifl ssestadt (City of Three Rivers), because the Danube River is joined there by the Inn River from the South, and the Ilz River coming out of the Bavarian Forest to the North.
  • Manaus, Brazil is located on the Rio Negro near its confluence with the Amazon (see Meeting of Waters). It is the chief port and a hub for the region's extensive river system.
  • Osijek, Croatia is located on the right bank of the river Drava 25 km upstream of its confluence with the Danube.
  • Belgrade, the capital of Serbia lies at the confluence of the Sava and Danube Rivers.
  • The Hochelaga Archipelago, including the island and city of Montreal, is located at the confluence of the St. Lawrence River and Ottawa River in Quebec, Canada.
  • The two largest rivers in Australia, the Darling and the Murray converge at Wentworth, New South Wales
  • Rovaniemi, the capital of Finnish Lapland and one of the largest towns above the Arctic Circle, is located on the confluence of rivers Ounasjoki and Kemijoki.
  • Winnipeg, Canada is located at the confluence of the Red River, and the Assiniboine River. The area is referred to as The Forks by locals, and has been an important trade location for over 6000 years.
  • Triangle of Three Emperors, former tripoint in Europe.
  • Cairo, Illinois in the United States where the Ohio River flows into the Mississippi River.
  • St. Louis, Missouri is built just south of the confluence of the Mississippi River and the Missouri River.
  • Lyon, France is located on the confluence of the Sa ne and Rhone rivers.
  • The confluence between the Franklin River and Gordon River in south-western Tasmania
  • The confluence of the Snake and Columbia River at the Tri-Cities of Washington.
  • The confluence of the rivers Pivka and Rak is one of the largest subterranean confluences in Europe.[4]
  • The confluence at Lokoja, Nigeria, where the Niger and Benue rivers merge.
  • The Sudanese capital of Khartoum, located at the confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile. This merging point is the beginning of the Nile.
  • Columbus, Ohio in the United States is located at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers.

See also

  • Mouth (water stream)
  • Aber and Inver as place-name elements
  • Sangam at Allahabad

References

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