Churachandpur, locally known as Lamka, town is the district headquarters of Churachandpur district in Manipur. Lamka has its name from the word "Lam" which means path or way and "ka" means junction. The name Lamka in short means a place situated at the road junction. "Due to its commercial origins, Lamka is the most multi-ethnic and cosmopolitan hill town in Manipur. During WW II, Churachandpur did not escape Japanese bombing; but it enjoyed about five decades of quiet and peaceful progress in the post-War period. Especially during the 1970s and '80s, Lamka was an "island of peace" which exerted a magnetic pull for many moneyed investors seeking good profit.
Churachandpur district boasts a high literacy rate of 74.67% (2001 Census), above the state literacy average of 68.87% and the Indian average of 64%.
The town is served by a combination of state government high schools, competitive private schools and Central Government run Higher Secondary Schools namely.
Lalpuithluai Foundation is one of the few schools in CCpur district to offer Computer Science as an additional subject. Most of the schools are affiliated to Board of Secondary Education, Manipur (BSEM). Few of the schools like St. Paul's Institute are now affiliated to CBSE.
Churachandpur has two government degree colleges - Churachandpur College and Lamka College. Affiliated to Manipur University, all the local colleges offer several Three Year Degree (TDC) courses in science and liberal arts. Bethany Christian College is the oldest among private colleges in Churachandpur. Rayburn College, VK Tawna College, Mangminthang College of Arts & Commerce, Bethany Christian College are some of the private Institutions that impart education at the Higher Secondary Level. it is a place where different ethnic groups of people are living together.
The district is inhabited by several tribes such as Paite, Thadou, Hmar, Mizo, Vaiphei, Gangte, Zou, Simte, Kom. Each tribe has a distinct social order as well as community laws. The system of hereditary chiefship as well as community ownership of village land is prevalent in the district. In case of hereditary chiefship the chief is all-powerful as he controls not only the economy of the village through his ownership of the land but exercises social control over the households in the village. An overwhelming majority of the tribal population has converted to Christianity. Christianity has not materially changed the social order but was the critical faith in bringing to an end the head-hunting wars and savagery that characterized early tribal societies. Education rapidly spread through English medium schools. In the last hundred years the society has undergone radical change from the past. All tribal societies are patriarchal, but the women are not discriminated against. They play a significant role in agriculture and animal husbandry, besides being actively involved in weaving. Meitei, the major community of Manipur,constitute a small section of the population of the district,are largely involve in trade and other commercial activities.
Churachandpur is part of the Outer Manipur Lok Sabha constituency.
The neareast airport to the town is Tulihal Airport which is from the main town. There is proper Road connectivity from the Airport to the town.
The town is yet to be reached by the development in Train Transportation. The nearest railway station is Dimapur and Guwahati.
National Highway No. 150 also known as Tipaimukh Road passes through the heart of the town on its way to Mizoram. Teddim Road Connects the town with Imphal City, Guite Road also connects the town with the neighboring state Mizoram.
gu: it:Churachandpur pam:Lamka