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Buddh International Circuit

The Circuit's official logo.

The Buddh International Circuit is an Indian motor racing circuit in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India, near Delhi. The circuit is best known as the venue for the annual Formula One Indian Grand Prix, which was first hosted in 2011.[1] The track was officially inaugurated on 18 October 2011.[2][3]

Contents


Design

Formula One racing's governing body, the FIA, had announced the inclusion of the Indian Grand Prix for the 30th of October 2011.[4] Estimated to cost about 10 billion[5] ($215 million) to build, the circuit has an approximate length of 5.14 km and is spread over an area of 874 acres (354ha)[6] and is another creation of Hermann Tilke. The circuit was officially inaugurated on 18 October, 2011[7], just about two weeks before the first race. The seating capacity is initially expected to be 110,000[5] with provisions to increase it to 200,000[8] later on.

Circuit

The circuit will be part of the Jaypee Greens Sports City,[6] Greens Sports City home which also includes a 100,000 seat cricket stadium, 18-hole golf course, 25,000 seat hockey stadium and a sports academy have been planned. The sports complex is expected to cost 40 billion[5] ($820 million) and generate $170m of revenue annually, and employ 10,000 people.[8] The design was forwarded to the teams to gather feedback on how the circuit could be altered to improve overtaking and this has resulted in some minor changes as became clear from April 2010. The planned hairpin at turn seven will be removed, and the track at turn three will be widened to allow drivers to take different lines throughout the corner. More information was released in August 2010, revealing that there were plans to make the circuit one of the most challenging for drivers, with the circuit rising fourteen metres within the first three corners alone and a banked double-apex bend on the far side of the circuit.[9]

One of the most notable sections of the circuit is the multi-apex turn 10 11 12 sequence. It has been likened to the long, fast Turn 8 at Turkey s Istanbul Park circuit and is expected to generate high tyre loadings. Unlike Turkey s Turn 8, it tightens on exit and is a clockwise right-hander. It is anticipated to be one of the main overtaking points, and circuit s main straight, at 1060m, is among the longest in F1. The pitlane is also one of the longest in F1, at more than 600 metres. Time spent in the pitlane will be an important factor in determining race strategies..[10]

Before the opening weekend, the expected lap time for a Formula One car around the 5,137m long track, was 1 minute, 27.02 seconds, at an average speed of 210.03 km/h (131 mph). At the end of the long straight between corners 3 and 4, Formula One cars were expected to reach a top speed of about 318 km/h (198 mph).[11] In the inaugural qualifying session, Sebastian Vettel turned in a lap time of 1 minute, 24.178 seconds, beating the predicted lap times from tyre manufacturer Pirelli. Scuderia Toro Rosso driver Jaime Alguersuari posted the top speed through the speed trap, reaching 324.2 km/h.

The sprawling circuit, which is a part of the Jaypee Green Sports city, will also be used for hosting one or more rounds of Moto GP championships in the year 2012.

Reception

The reception among drivers was overwhelmingly positive,[12] with praise directed towards the high-speed layout and challenging corner combinations that Jenson Button described as difficult to drive in a consistently quick fashion.

Name

Originally known as the Jaypee Group Circuit or the Jaypee International Circuit after the circuit's owners, the circuit was officially named the Buddh International Circuit in April 2011. According to Sameer Gaur, the Managing Director and Chief Executive of Jaypee Sports International, the name is derived from the word Buddha, and represents peace and calm.[13] The name is also a reference to the Gautam Budh Nagar district in which the circuit is located, itself named after the Gautam Buddha.[14] The Buddh International circuit logo consists of a B which also resembles a heart.[15]

Controversy

In order to construct the circuit, the lands of some three hundred farmers were purchased by the state government. However, in August 2011 three months before the inaugural race the farmers in question expressed dissatisfaction with the project and threatened to dismantle the circuit "with force if necessary", demanding more money and stating that they felt the land should have been zoned for industrial estates to generate more employment in the area.[16]

Awards and recognition

Buddh International Circuit, which played host to India's first Formula One Grand Prix on October 30, has been awarded the '2011 Motorsport Facility of the Year' award.[17]

Gallery

File:Force india Buddh.jpg File:Podium winners of 2011 Indian Grand Prix.jpg File:Pitlane Walks - 2011 Indian Grand Prix.jpg File:Alonso Buddh 2011.jpg

See also

  • Indian Grand Prix
  • List of Formula One circuits
  • Greater Noida Cricket Stadium
  • Formula One

References

External links

ar: bar:Buddh International Circuit bg: ( ) bn: ca:Circuit de Buddh de:Buddh International Circuit es:Circuito Internacional de Buddh eo:Jaypee Group Circuit fr:Circuit international Buddh gl:Circu to Internacional de Buddh hi: id:Sirkuit Internasional Buddh it:Buddh International Circuit lv:Buda starptautisk trase lt:Tarptautin Budos trasa ml: mr: nl:Buddh International Circuit ja: no:Buddh International Circuit pl:Buddh International Circuit pt:Buddh International Circuit ru: simple:Buddh International Circuit sk:Buddh International Circuit sl:Mednarodno dirkali e Buddh fi:Buddh International Circuit ta: uk:






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