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Broughton, Oxfordshire

Broughton is a village and civil parish in northern Oxfordshire, England, about southwest of Banbury.

Broughton's Church of England Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin was built in about 1300 in a style that is transitional from Early English to Decorated Gothic.[1] The church stands in the grounds of Broughton Castle, the 14th- to 16th-century country house that is now the seat of Baron Saye and Sele of the Fiennes family.

Broughton Rectory was rebuilt in 1694.[2] It was altered three times in the 19th century: firstly by Richard Pace of Lechlade in 1808, and then with extensions by S.P. Cockerell in 1820 and H.J. Underwood in 1842.[2]

The Domesday Book records that in 1086 Broughton parish had two watermills.[3] By 1444 there were at least three, one of which was a fulling mill.[3] By 1685 there was a second fulling mill, and both mills supplied the local woollen industry.[3] Fulling and cloth-dyeing remained local industries until early in the 20th century.[3]

In the 17th century Broughton's agriculture was predominantly pasture for cattle and sheep, which has given to the parish such field names as Dairy Ground, Grazing Ground and New Close Pasture.[3] Improved crop rotation in the agricultural revolution increased arable farming in the parish, with crops being diversified in the 18th century to include clover, flax, hops, sainfoin and woad.[3] Some of these crops have given place names to the parish such as Sandfine Wood, Sandfine Road and Woadmill Farm. Woad was still grown in 1827, when it was used locally for dyeing wool.[3]

Broughton has a pair of Gothic Revival almshouses built in 1859.[2]

Broughton has one public house, the Saye and Sele Arms.[4]



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