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Australian Convict Sites

Australian Convict Sites is a World Heritage property consisting of 11 remnant penal sites originally built within the British Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries on fertile Australian coastal strips at Sydney, Tasmania, Norfolk Island, and Fremantle; now representing "...the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts."[1]

These properties were all individually included on the Australian National Heritage List before inclusion on the World Heritage list.

Penal sites included

A convict ploughing team breaking up new ground - Port Arthur The 11 penal sites constituting the Australian Convict Sites World Heritage listed property are[2][3]

  • Cockatoo Island Convict Site (New South Wales)[4]
  • Great North Road (New South Wales)[5]
  • Hyde Park Barracks (New South Wales)[6]
  • Old Government House (New South Wales)[7]
  • Kingston and Arthurs Vale Historic Area (Norfolk Island)[8]
  • Brickendon and Woolmers Estates (Tasmania)[9]
  • Cascades Female Factory (Tasmania)[10]
  • Coal Mines Historic Site (Tasmania)[11]
  • Darlington Probation Station (Tasmania)[12]
  • Port Arthur (Tasmania)[13]
  • Fremantle Prison (Western Australia)[14]

Criteria for listing

Out of over 3,000 convict sites remaining in Australia, the 11 constituting the Australian Convict Sites were selected as the pre-eminent examples of the world's convict era satisfying World Heritage selection criteria IV & VI, as follows:

World Heritage selection criteria
Criteria number Description Citation
Criterion IV Ensemble of buildings/architecture etc., illustrating significant stage in human history "an exceptional example of the forced migration of convicts - an important stage of human history."[15]
Criterion VI Directly or tangibly associated with events etc., of outstanding universal significance "an extraordinary example of global ideas and developments associated with the punishment and reform of the criminal elements of humanity during the Age of Enlightenment and the modern era."[15]

References

de:Australian Convict Sites es:Sitios australianos de presidios fa: fr:Sites de bagnes australiens hr:Australski ka njeni ki lokaliteti it:Siti carcerari australiani he: ka: xmf: ja: simple:Australian Convict Sites fi:Australian rangaistussiirtolat sv:Australiska straff ngeplatser vi:Chu i nh t c, th k 18-19 zh:






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