St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York covers New York, Bronx, and Richmond counties in New York City (coterminous with the boroughs of Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island, respectively), as well as Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester counties in New York state. There are 405 parishes. The Archdiocese of New York is the metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province of New York which includes the suffragan dioceses of Brooklyn, Albany, Buffalo, Syracuse, Rochester, Ogdensburg, and Rockville Centre.
The Latin title of the archdiocese is Archidioecesis Neo-Eboracensis, and the corporate title is Archdiocese of New York.
It publishes a bi-weekly newspaper, Catholic New York (www.cny.org).
Initially, the territory that now makes up the Archdiocese of New York was part of the Prefecture Apostolic of United States of America which was established on November 26, 1784. On November 6, 1789, the Prefecture was elevated to a diocese and the present territory of the Archdiocese of New York fell under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Baltimore, headed by Bishop John Carroll.
At the time, there was a dearth of priests to minister to the large territory. The first Roman Catholic Church in New York City was St. Peter's on Barclay Street. The land was purchased from Trinity Church with financial aid coming from the Spanish consul. The church was built in the federal style. Among its regular worshippers were Saint Elizabeth Seton and Venerable Pierre Toussaint.
On April 8, 1808, the Holy See raised Baltimore to the status of an Archdiocese. At the same time, the dioceses of Philadelphia, Boston, Bardstown and New York were created. At the time of its establishment, the Diocese of New York covered all of the state of New York, as well as the New Jersey counties of Sussex, Bergen, Morris, Essex, Somerset, Middlesex, and Monmouth.
Since the first appointed bishop could not set sail from Italy due to the Napoleonic blockade, Fr. Kohlman was appointed administrator. He was instrumental in organizing the diocese and preparing for the Cathedral of St. Patrick to be built on Mulberry Street. Among the difficulties faced by Catholics at the time was anti-Catholic bigotry in general and in the New York school system. A strong Nativist movement sought to keep Catholics out of the country and to prevent those already present from advancing.
On April 23, 1847 territory was taken from the Diocese to form the Dioceses of Albany and Buffalo. The Diocese was elevated to an Archdiocese on July 19, 1850. On July 29, 1853 territory was again taken from the Diocese, this time to form the Diocese of Newark, New Jersey, and the Diocese of Brooklyn. Finally, territory was taken to form the Prefecture Apostolic of Bahama (now the Archdiocese of Nassau) on March 21, 1929.
As of 2004, the Catholic population of the Archdiocese was a little over 2.5 million. These Catholics were served by 932 archdiocesan priests and 913 priests of religious orders. Also laboring in the diocese were 359 permanent deacons, 1,493 religious brothers, and 3,153 nuns.http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/dnewy.html
For comparison, in 1929, the Catholic population of the Archdiocese was 1,273,291 persons. There were 1,314 clergy ministering in the archdiocese and 444 churches. There were also 170,348 children in Catholic educational and welfare institutions. New York Times article
In 1959, there were 7,913 nuns and sisters ministering in the Archdiocese, representing 103 different religious orders.
Special Anniversaries of Significance to the Archdiocese
- January 4 - Memorial of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, native of New York
- January 5 - Memorial of St. John Neumann, ordained a priest of New York
- February 23 -Anniversary of Archbishop Dolan's appointment to the Archdiocese by the Pope (2009)
- March 17 - Solemnity of St. Patrick, Patronal Feast of both the Archidocese and the Cathedral
- April 8 - Anniversary of the establishment of the Diocese of New York (1808)
- April 15 - Anniversary of Archbishop Dolan's Installation (2009)
- May 5 - Memorial of Bl. Edmund Rice, founder of the Irish Christian Brothers
- July 14 - Memorial of Bl. Kateri Tekawitha, born near Albany in territory which was once part of the Diocese of New York
- September 5 - Memorial of Bl. Teresa of Calcutta, who did missionary work in the Bronx
- October 5 - Anniversary of Dedication of the Cathedral of St. Patrick
- November 13 - Memorial of St. Frances Xavier Cabrini, missionary in New York
Bishops, archbishops, auxiliary bishops, and others
The following is a list of the Roman Catholic bishops and archbishops of New York who have served as the diocesan bishop of New York (and their terms of service):
Bishops of the Diocese of New York (1808 July 19, 1850):
- R. Luke Concanen, O.P. (1808 1810)
- John Connolly, O.P. (1814 1825)
- John Dubois, S.S. (1826 1842)
Archbishops of the Archdiocese of New York:
- John Joseph Hughes (1842 1864)
- John Cardinal McCloskey (1864 1885)
- Michael Augustine Corrigan (1885 1902)
- John Murphy Cardinal Farley (1902 1918)
- Patrick Joseph Cardinal Hayes (1919 1938)
- Francis Joseph Cardinal Spellman (1939 1967)
- Terence James Cardinal Cooke (1968 1983)
- John Joseph Cardinal O'Connor (1984 2000)
- Edward Michael Cardinal Egan (2000 2009)
- Timothy Michael Cardinal Dolan (2009 present)
- Josu Iriondo - Ordained a priest in 1962 in Spain; became an archdiocesan priest in 1995. Ordained a bishop in 2001; titular bishop of Alton.
- Dominick John Lagonegro - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1969 and a bishop in 2001; titular bishop of Modrus.
- Dennis Joseph Sullivan - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1971 and a bishop in 2004; titular bishop of Enera.
- Gerald Thomas Walsh - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1967 and a bishop in 2004; titular bishop of Altiburus. Bishop Walsh is the current rector of St. Joseph Seminary in Yonkers.
- Robert Anthony Brucato, Emeritus - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1957 and a bishop in 1997; titular bishop of Temuniana.
- William Jerome McCormack, Emeritus - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1959 and a bishop in 1986; titular bishop of Nicives.
- Anthony Francis Mestice, Emeritus - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1949 and a bishop in 1973; titular bishop of Villa Nova.
- Patrick Joseph Thomas Sheridan, Emeritus - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1947 and a bishop in 1990; titular bishop of Cursola.
- Edwin Broderick - Ordained a priest in 1942; appointed auxiliary bishop in 1967; appointed eighth bishop of Albany in 1969.
- Thomas Cusack - Ordained a priest in 1885; appointed auxiliary bishop in 1904; appointed fifth bishop of Albany in 1915.
- Edward Vincent Dargin - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1922 and a bishop in 1953; titular bishop of Amphipolis.
- John Joseph Dunn - Ordained a priest in 1896 and a bishop in 1921; titular bishop of Camuliana.
- John Michael Fearns - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1922 and a bishop in 1957; titular bishop of Geras.
- Joseph Francis Flannelly - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1918 and a bishop in 1948; titular bishop of Metelis.
- George Henry Guilfoyle - Ordained a priest in 1944; appointed auxiliary bishop in 1964; appointed fourth bishop of Camden in 1968.
- Edward Dennis Head - Ordained a priest in 1945; appointed auxiliary bishop in 1970; appointed eleventh bishop of Buffalo in 1973.
- Walter P. Kellenberg - Ordained a priest in 1928; appointed auxiliary bishop in 1953; appointed sixth bishop of Ogdensburg in 1954; appointed first bishop of Rockville Centre in 1957.
- John Joseph Maguire - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1928 and a bishop in 1959.
- Henry J. Mansell- appointed auxiliary bishop on November 24, 1992; ordained a bishop on January 6, 1993; named twelfth bishop of Buffalo on April 18, 1995; named twelfth archbishop of Hartford, Connecticut.
- Theodore Edgar McCarrick - Ordained an archdiocesan priest on May 31, 1958; appointed auxiliary bishop on May 24, 1977; ordained a bishop on June 29, 1977; named founding bishop of Metuchen, New Jersey, on November 19, 1981; named fourth archbishop of Newark on May 30, 1986; named fifth archbishop of Washington, D.C., on November 21, 2000; created cardinal on February 21, 2001; retired on May 16, 2006.
- Timothy Anthony McDonnell - appointed auxiliary bishop on October 30, 2001; ordained a bishop on December 12, 2001; named the eighth bishop of Springfield in Massachusetts on March 9, 2004.
- James Francis McIntyre - Ordained a priest in 1921; appointed auxiliary bishop on November 16, 1940; appointed coadjutor archbishop on July 20, 1946; appointed second archbishop of Los Angeles on February 7, 1948; created cardinal on January 12, 1953; retired on January 21, 1970; died on July 16, 1979.
- Anthony Francis Mestice - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1949 and ordained a bishop in 1973; titular bishop of Villa Nova; he was the first U.S.-born Italian-American priest to become a bishop of the New York Archdiocese; died on Friday, April 29, 2011
- Emerson John Moore - first African-American bishop in New York.
- Edwin Frederick O'Brien - appointed auxiliary bishop on February 6, 1996; ordained a bishop on March 25, 1996; appointed fifth archbishop of the Archdiocese for the Military Services, USA; appointed fifteenth archbishop of Baltimore.
- Joseph Thomas O'Keefe - Ordained a priest in 1948; appointed auxiliary bishop in 1982; appointed eighth bishop of Syracuse in 1987.
- Joseph Maria Pernicone - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1926 and a bishop in 1954; titular bishop of Hadrianopolis in Honoriade. First Italian-American bishop in New York.
- Fulton J. Sheen television personality; appointed auxiliary bishop in 1951; ordained a bishop on June 11, 1951; appointed bishop of Rochester in 1966; resigned in 1969; then elevated to titular archbishop; buried in crypt of St. Patrick's Cathedral.
- Austin Bernard Vaughan
- Patrick Vincent Ahern, Emeritus - Ordained an archdiocesan priest in 1945 and a bishop in 1970; titular bishop of Naiera.
Bishops who once were priests in the Archdiocese of New York
- Charles Daniel Balvo titular archbishop of Castello, Apostolic Nuncio to New Zealand, Apostolic Nuncio to the Cook Islands (non-residential), Apostolic Nuncio to Fiji (non-residential), Apostolic Nuncio to Kiribati (non-residential), Apostolic Nuncio to the Marshall Islands (non-residential), Apostolic Nuncio to the Federated States of Micronesia (non-residential), Apostolic Nuncio to Nauru (non-residential), Apostolic Nuncio to Palau (non-residential), Apostolic Nuncio to Samoa (non-residential), Apostolic Nuncio to Tonga (non-residential), Apostolic Nuncio to Vanuatu (non-residential)
- Charles John Brown titular archbishop of 'Aquileia, apostolic nuncio to Ireland
- Joseph Thomas Dimino fourth archbishop of the Archdiocese for the Military Services, USA
- Rrok Kola Mirdita archbishop of Durr s-Tirana, Albania
- St. John Nepomucene Neumann - Ordained for the diocese of New York in 1836, later became a Redemptorist; appointed the fourth bishop of Philadelphia in 1852.
- Patrick Aloysius O'Boyle - Ordained a priest in 1921; appointed the second archbishop of Washington, DC in 1947. Appointed a cardinal in 1967 and given the basilica of S. Nicola in Carcere.
- Charles H. Colton - Ordained a priest in 1876; appointed the fourth bishop of Buffalo in 1903.
- John J. Conroy - Ordained a priest in 1842; appointed the second bishop of Albany in 1865.
- Philip Joseph Furlong Ordained a priest in 1918; appointed Bishop to the US Military Vicariate (a responsibility at the time of the archbishop of New York) on December 3, 1955. At the death of Cardinal Spellman on December 2, 1967, Furlong served as administrator of the military vicariate until the appointment of Cardinal Cooke as new military vicar on April 4, 1968. Furlong retired from the Vicariate in 1971 at 78 and died April 13, 1989.
- Francis Patrick MacFarland - Ordained a priest in 1845; appointed the third bishop of Hartford in 1857.
- Charles Edward McDonnell - Ordained a priest in 1878; appointed the second bishop of Brooklyn in 1892.
- Francis McNeirny - Ordained a priest in 1845; appointed coadjutor bishop of Albany and titular bishop of Rhesaina in 1871. Appointed the third bishop of Albany in 1877.
- Bernard John Joseph McQuaid - Ordained a priest in 1848; appointed the first bishop of Rochester (N.Y.) in 1868.
- John Joseph Mitty - Ordained a priest in 1906; appointed the third bishop of Salt Lake City in 1926. Appointed coadjutor archbishop of San Francisco and the titular bishop of Aegina in 1932. Appointed the fourth archbishop of San Francisco in 1935.
- William Quarter - Ordained a priest in 1829; appointed the first bishop of Chicago in 1843.
- Francis Frederick Reh - Ordained a priest in 1935; appointed the ninth bishop of Charleston in 1962. Appointed the rector of the Pontifical North American College in Rome and the titular bishp of Macriana in Mauretania in 1964. Appointed the third bishop of Saginaw in 1968.
- Joseph Rummel - Ordained a priest in 1902; appointed the fourth bishop of Omaha in 1928. Appointed the tenth archbishop of New Orleans in 1935.
- William Scully - Ordained a priest in 1919; appointed coadjutor bishop of Albany and titular bishop of Pharsalus in 1945. Appointed the seventh bishop of Albany in 1954.
The following cemeteries are under the auspices of Calvary & Allied Cemeteries, Inc.:
- Calvary Cemetery - Established in 1847; located in Queens. The cemetery, while located in the Diocese of Brooklyn, is property of the Archdiocese of New York as it was established before the Diocese of Brooklyn was canonically erected.
- Cemetery of the Ascension - Located in Airmont in Rockland County.
- Cemetery of the Resurrection - Located in Staten Island.
- Gate of Heaven Cemetery - Located in Valhalla in Westchester County.
Many parishes have their own cemeteries, or their own sections in private cemeteries. An incomplete list of those cemeteries follows:
- All Souls Cemetery (Pleasantville) - Belongs to Holy Innocents Church in Pleasantville.
- Assumption Cemetery (Cortlandt Manor) - Belongs to Assumption Church in Peekskill.
- Calvary Cemetery (Newburgh) - Belongs to St. Patrick Church in Newburgh.
- Calvary Cemetery (Poughkeepsie) - Belongs to St. Martin de Porres Church in Poughkeepsie.
- Holy Mount Cemetery (Eastchester) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Tuckahoe.
- Holy Sepulchre Cemetery (New Rochelle) - Belongs to Blessed Sacrament Church in New Rochelle.
- Mount Calvary Cemetery (White Plains) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in White Plains.
- Sacred Heart Cemetery (Barrytown) - Belongs to St. Christopher Church in Red Hook. The parish has a mission chapel in Barrytown.
- St. Anastasia Cemetery (Harriman) - Belongs to St. Anastasia Church in Harriman.
- St. Denis Cemetery (Hopewell Junction) - Belongs to St. Denis Church in Hopewell Junction.
- St. Francis of Assisi Cemetery (Mount Kisco) - Belongs to St. Francis of Assisi Church in Mount Kisco.
- St. Joachim Cemetery (Beacon) - Belongs to St. Joachim-St. John the Evangelist Church in Beacon. The cemetery consists of an old section and a new section.
- St. John Cemetery (Goshen) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in Goshen.
- St. John Cemetery (Pawling) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in Pawling.
- St. Joseph Cemetery (Florida) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Florida.
- St. Joseph Cemetery (Middletown) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Middletown.
- St. Joseph Cemetery (Millbrook) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Millbrook.
- St. Joseph Cemetery (Yonkers) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Yonkers.
- St. Lucy Cemetery (Cochecton) - Belongs to St. Francis Xavier Church in Narrowsburg. There was formerly a mission church in Cochecton.
- St. Mary Cemetery (Bangall) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Bangall.
- St. Mary Cemetery (Port Jervis) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Port Jervis.
- St. Mary Cemetery (Wappingers Falls) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Wappingers Falls.
- St. Mary Cemetery (Washingtonville) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Washingtonville.
- St. Mary Cemetery (Yonkers) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Yonkers.
- St. Patrick Cemetery (Millerton) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Amenia. The parish has a mission chapel in Millerton.
- St. Patrick Cemetery (Newburgh) - Belongs to St. Patrick Church in Newburgh.
- St. Peter Cemetery (Kingston) - Belongs to St. Peter Church in Kingston.
- St. Peter Cemetery (Poughkeepsie) - Belongs to St. Peter Church in Hyde Park. The church was formerly located in Poughkeepsie.
- St. Raymond Cemetery (The Bronx) - Belongs to St. Raymond Church in the Bronx. The cemetery consists of an old section and a new section.
- St. Stephen Cemetery (Warwick) - Belongs to St. Stephen-St. Edward Church in Warwick.
- St. Sylvia Cemetery (Tivoli) - Belongs to St. Sylvia Church in Tivoli.
- St. Thomas Cemetery (Cornwall-on-Hudson) - Belongs to St. Thomas of Canterbury Church in Cornwall-on-Hudson.
Catholic charitable organizations
Saints, Blesseds & Venerables of New York
- St. Elizabeth Ann Seton Also known as Mother Seton; founded the Sisters of Charity; first canonized saint of New York; first U.S. native-born citizen canonized a saint; aunt of Bishop James Roosevelt Bayley (first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and eighth Archbishop of Baltimore).
- St. Frances Xavier Cabrini Also known as Mother Cabrini; founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart; first U.S. citizen canonized a saint.
- St. Isaac Jogues Jesuit missionary, active in northern New York State, but before the establishment of the Diocese of New York.
- St. John Nepomucene Neumann Ordained as a priest of New York; later became a Redemptorist; became the fourth Bishop of Philadelphia (1852 60) and the first U.S. bishop to be canonized; as bishop of Philadelphia, he founded the first Catholic diocesan school system in the U.S.
- Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha
- Venerable Fulton Sheen
- Venerable Pierre Toussaint
- Venerable Terence Cooke
- Isaac Thomas Hecker - Servant of God; founder of the Paulist Fathers.
- Vincent Robert Capodanno Servant of God; Navy chaplain in Vietnam War; awarded Medal of Honor.
- Dorothy Day - Servant of God; sainthood cause being investigated currently in Rome.
- Rose Hawthorne Lathrop - Sainthood cause in Rome; founder of the Dominican Sisters of Hawthorne.
Shrines of New York
- St. Frances Cabrini Shrine, next to Mother Cabrini High School, at 701 Fort Washington Avenue, in the Washington Heights section of Manhattan, New York, N.Y. The street to the west of the shrine was renamed Cabrini Boulevard in her honor.
Province of New York
- See: List of the Catholic bishops of the United States
- Francis Patrick Duffy Ordained a priest of New York in 1896; chaplain during World War I, for the 69th Infantry Regiment (a military unit from New York City and part of the New York Army National Guard) known as "The Fighting 69th" which had been federalized and redesignated the 165th U.S. Infantry Regiment.
- Sisters of Life Founded in 1991 by John Joseph O'Connor, Cardinal Archbishop of New York.
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