Search: in
Apical consonant
Apical consonant in Encyclopedia Encyclopedia
  Tutorials     Encyclopedia     Videos     Books     Software     DVDs  
       





Apical consonant

An apical consonant is a phone (speech sound) produced by obstructing the air passage with the apex of the tongue (i.e. the tip of the tongue). This contrasts with laminal consonants, which are produced by creating an obstruction with the blade of the tongue (which is just behind the apex).

This is not a very common distinction, and typically applied only to fricatives and affricates. Thus many varieties of the English language have either apical or laminal pairs of [t]/[d]. However, some varieties of Arabic, including Hadhrami Arabic, realizes [t] as laminal but [d] as apical.

The Basque language uses this distinction for alveolar fricatives, as does Serbo-Croatian. Mandarin Chinese uses it for postalveolar fricatives (the "alveolo-palatal" and "retroflex" series). St'at'imcets uses this as a secondary feature in contrasting velarized and non-velarized affricates. A distinction between apical and laminal is common in Australian languages for the nasals, plosives and usually also the lateral approximants.

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, the diacritic for apical consonants is .

See also

  • Coronal consonant
  • Laminal consonant
  • List of phonetic topics
  • Voiceless apicoalveolar fricative
  • Voiced apicoalveolar fricative

References

br:Kensonenn beg an teod de:Apikal (Linguistik) es:Consonante apical eo:Apikalo fr:Consonne apicale id:Apikal it:Consonante apicale lv:Apik ls l dzskanis hu:Apik lis hang nl:Apicaal (fonetiek) ja: pl:Sp g oski apikalne i laminalne ro:Consoan apical ru: sv:Apikal zh:






Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article



Search for apical consonant in Tutorials
Search for apical consonant in Encyclopedia
Search for apical consonant in Videos
Search for apical consonant in Books
Search for apical consonant in Software
Search for apical consonant in DVDs
Search for apical consonant in Store




Advertisement




Apical consonant in Encyclopedia
apical_consonant top apical_consonant

Home - Add TutorGig to Your Site - Disclaimer

©2011-2013 TutorGig.info All Rights Reserved. Privacy Statement