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Apheresis (linguistics)

In phonetics, apheresis ( or ; ; from Greek apo away, hairein to take) is the loss of one or more sounds from the beginning of a word, especially the loss of an unstressed vowel.

Contents

  • Apheresis as a historical sound change
    • The loss of any sound
    • The loss of an unstressed vowel
  • Aphaeresis as a poetic device
  • Aphaeresis in informal speech
  • See also
  • References
    • Notes
    • Bibliography

Apheresis as a historical sound change

In historical phonetics, the term "apheresis" is often but not always limited to the loss of an unstressed vowel. (The Oxford English Dictionary gives this particular kind of apheresis the name aphesis .)

The loss of any sound

  • English [k]nife pronounced
  • Proto-Norse *[st]randa- (Swedish strand) > Finnish ranta "beach"

The loss of an unstressed vowel

  • Greek episkopos > Vulgar Latin [e]biscopu > English bishop
  • English [a]cute > cute
  • English [E]gyptian > Gyptian > Gypsy[1]
  • English [a]mend > mend
  • English [e]scape + goat > scapegoat
  • Old French evaniss > English vanish
  • Old French estable > English stable
  • Old French estrange > English strange
  • English esquire > squire
  • Akkadian Ashuraya > Shuraya

Aphaeresis as a poetic device

  • English it is > poetic tis

Aphaeresis in informal speech

  • Spanish est > Familiar Spanish [e]t > ta ("is")
  • English oath God's truth > Familiar Australian English exclamation strewth

See also

References

Notes

Bibliography

  • Crowley, Terry. (1997) An Introduction to Historical Linguistics. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press.

ar: br:Apoherezenn de:Aph rese eo:Aferezo fr:Aph r se (linguistique) gan: ia:Apherese (linguistica) it:Aferesi jv:Apherisis kk: nl:Eferesis ja: pl:Afereza (j zykoznawstwo) ro:Aferez ru: sh:Afereza






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