flag of Albania as an Italian protectorate]] used by the fascist government The Albanian Fascist Party (Albanian Partia Fashiste e Shqip ris — PFSh) was a fascist movement which held nominal power in Albania from 1939, when the country was conquered by Italy, until 1943, when Italy capitulated to the Allies. Afterward, Albania fell under German occupation, and the PFSh was replaced by the Albanian National Socialist Party.
The PFSh was a branch of the Italian National Fascist Party (PNF) with Benito Mussolini at its head and organized along the same lines and principles, and with its own paramilitary Black Shirts, the Albanian Militia. It was never a mass movement, with membership reported at 13,500 in May 1940; however, during the PFSh's time in power, it did realize the vision of Greater Albania, expanding the borders of Albania into modern-day Epirus and Kosovo. It also engaged in some anti-semitism, with Albanian Jews forbidden from joining the party , and therefore excluded from some professions such as education; future communist leader Enver Hoxha also lost his job as a teacher for refusing to join the PFSh.
In early 1943, Maliq Bej Bushati, an anti-monarchist nationalist, reorganized the PFSh as the Guard of Great Albania and worked to distance Albania from Italy, striking fascist symbols from the flag (two fasces, one on each side of the Albanian eagle) and asserting Albanian autonomy in many spheres. However, the Italian surrender led to the country's occupation by Nazi Germany and changed the political situation in the country.
Upon the German takeover, SD leader Ernst Kaltenbrunner reorganized the Guard of Great Albania into the Albanian National Socialist Party, which had formal control of Albania. German control over Albania was looser than in other territories; the Albanian Nazi government did not expand systematic persecution of Jews to deportation or killings. Albanian volunteers did, however, form an SS division, the 21st Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Skanderbeg (1st Albanian).
After the fall of the Third Reich, Albania descended into civil war; some members of the Albanian National Socialist Party fought against the communists both in Albania and in Kosovo, with the last of these reported to have ceased fighting in 1951.
Ministers Secretaries of the Albanian Fascist Party
- 1939-1941 Tefik Mborja
- 1941-1943 Jup Kazazi
- 1943 Kol Bib Mirakaj
Ministers Secretaries of the Guard of Great Albania
- Albania between wars
- Albania under Italy
- Military history of Albania during World War II
da:Partia Fashiste e Shqip ris de:Albanische Faschistische Partei hr:Albanska fa isti ka stranka it:Partito Fascista Albanese mk: nl:Albanese Fascistische Partij ja: pl:Alba ska Partia Faszystowska ro:Partidul Fascist Albanez ru: sq:Partia Fashiste Shqiptare uk: