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Use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport





Encyclopedia results for Use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport

  1. Use of performance enhancing drugs in association football

    performance enhancing drugs in a league match. According to a statement of one of UK Sport s Independent ... List DEFAULTSORT Use Of Performance Enhancing Drugs In Association Football Category Drugs ...Doping in sport sidebar expanded History Unlike individual sports such as bicycling, weight lifting, and track and field, the use of performance enhancing drugs in sport use of performance enhancing drugs in association football is not widely associated with that sport because of lack of testing. Like most high profile team sports, football suffers more from an association with recreational drugs, the case of Diego Maradona and cocaine in 1991 being the best known of those. Incidence of the use of performance enhancing drugs commonly disparaged as doping by sports organizations in football seems ..., which is banned due to its potential as a masking agent for other performance enhancing substances ... from football.He had not taken the prohibited substance to mask a performance enhancing drug but for legitimate ... 2005. He is the first player in Premiership history to be banned for using performance enhancing substances ... performance, FIFA can reduce the sanction to a warning in a first offense, a two year ban for a second ... 2Bby 2BDr 2BDvorak.pdf format PDF title International Convention against Doping in Sport publisher ... sport mehrsport doping opfer aid 145980.html title Doping Opfer Werder Bremen gegen Lok Leipzig in German ... date 18 June 2007 accessdate 2008 03 18 ref ref cite web url http www.1asport.de sport fussball ... web.archive.org web 20080330005936 http www.1asport.de sport fussball Dynamo Berlin wieder unter Doping ... sport athletics , footballers are far less likely to be tested. ref cite news url http news.bbc.co.uk sport1 hi football 3170586.stm title Football s anti doping flaws publisher BBC Sport date ... months publisher BBC Sport date 19 December 2003 accessdate 2008 03 18 ref In July 2009, the The Football ... have already done . The FA was at the time under pressure from organisations including UK sport ...   more details



  1. Use of performance-enhancing drugs in the Olympic Games

    evident that the use of doping in sport performance enhancing drugs was not only a threat ... banned the use of performance enhancing drugs in Olympic competition. The IOC introduced the first doping sport drug use controls at the 1968 Winter Olympics . These controls eventually evolved into a systematic ... the use of performance enhancing drugs, and the IOC followed suit in 1967. ref cite news first Sharon ... ref The first documented use of drugs to improve an athlete s performance was the winner of the 1904 Summer Olympics 1904 marathon, Thomas Hicks athlete Thomas Hicks . The use of performance enhancing ... enhancing drugs includes both urine and blood tests. As of 1999 the authoritative body on the use of performance enhancing drugs is the World Anti Doping Agency WADA . This organization oversees ... of performance enhancing drugs was Hans Gunnar Liljenwall , a Swedish modern pentathlon pentathlete ... of using performance enhancing drugs as early as the 1976 Summer Olympics 1976 Summer Games . ref ... caught using performance enhancing drugs at these Games. 1984 Sarajevo main 1984 Winter Olympics class ... were caught using performance enhancing drugs at these Games 1994 Lillehammer main 1994 Winter Olympics No athletes were caught using performance enhancing drugs at these Games 1998 Nagano main 1998 Winter Olympics No athletes were caught using performance enhancing drugs at these Games 2002 Salt ... also innovate new ways to detect these drugs. Athletes continue to use various medical modifications to their body as a means of improving their athletic performance. History The use of performance enhancing tactics, and more broadly, the use of any external device to nefariously influence the outcome ... name ancientcheating In the modern Olympic era, chemically enhancing one s performance has evolved into a sophisticated science, but in the early years of the Modern Olympic movement the use of performance enhancing drugs was almost as crude as its ancient predecessors. During the early 20th century ...   more details



  1. Performance-enhancing drugs

    Ref improve date March 2007 Doping in sport sidebar Performance enhancing drugs are substances used by people to improve their performance in the sports in which they engage. The term may also refer to drugs used by military personnel to enhance combat performance. ref http leda.law.harvard.edu leda ... League Baseball. http www.mayoclinic.com health performance enhancing drugs HQ01105 Risks to health from Mayo Clinic. DEFAULTSORT Performance Enhancing Drugs Category Drugs in sport ... the Warrior of the Future. Food and Drug Law Final Paper. March 8, 2004. ref Types of performance enhancing drugs Although the phrase performance enhancing drugs is used in reference to anabolic ... , as well as some of their precursors. Performance Enhancing Drugs are also found in Animals as synthetic ... of substances as performance enhancing drugs is not entirely clear cut and objective. As in other types of categorization , certain Prototype theory prototype performance enhancers that are universally ... has been used to refer to several distinct classes of drugs Lean mass builders are used to drive or amplify .... This class of drugs includes anabolic steroids , Beta2 adrenergic agonist beta 2 agonists , selective .... Masking drugs are used to prevent the detection of other classes of drugs. These evolve as quickly ... Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise chapter 12 location Champaign, IL publisher Human Kinetics year 2007 ref although a time tested classic example is the use of epitestosterone , a drug with no performance enhancing effects, to restore the testosterone epitestosterone ratio a common criterion in steroid ... supplements are virtually never classified as performance enhancers despite their significant effects on athletes performance. As is usual with categorization, there are borderline cases caffeine , for example, is considered a performance enhancer by some athletic authorities but not others. ref cite ... and Sports Performance publisher Vanderbilt.edu date accessdate 2012 03 04 ref See also Bodybuilding ...   more details



  1. List of Major League Baseball players suspended for performance-enhancing drugs

    time offenders, all without pay, in an effort to curtail Doping sport performance enhancing drug use in professional baseball. This policy strengthened baseball s pre existing ban on controlled ... named Baseball s steroid scandal of performance enhancing drugs as the number one sports story ... who used performance enhancing drugs in an affidavit to the U.S. Attorney s office. ref cite ... 25, 2007 DEFAULTSORT List Of Major League Baseball Players Suspended For Performance Enhancing Drugs Category Lists of Major League Baseball players Performance enhancing drugs Category Major League Baseball controversies Players suspended for performance enhancing drugs Category Doping cases in baseball Category Drugs in sport in the United States Category Drug related lists Major League Baseball players suspended for performance enhancing drugs ... For Performance Enhancer Use url http www.baseballamerica.com blog prospects ?p 10000 work Baseball ... baseball of performing enhancing drugs. ref cite web url http www.baseballamerica.com today news ... title Manny suspended 50 games for PED use author Ken Gurnick date May 8, 2009 work Major League Baseball ... suspended for violating drug policy 1 title Volquez suspended for 50 games for PED use author Peter ... Dickerson Busted For PED Use url http www.baseballamerica.com blog prospects 2011 05 kevin frandsen joe dickerson busted for ped use work BaseballAmerica.com publisher Baseball America accessdate ... use in their organization stating, We are extremely disappointed with our players who have been ... his suspension I want to make it known that I did not use any banned substances in order to gain ... suspended for 50 games for PED use author Peter Barzilai April 20, 2010 work USA Today publisher ...   more details



  1. Performance Enhancing Proxy

    Performance Enhancing Proxies PEPs are network agent s designed to improve the end to end performance of some communications protocol . Performance Enhancing Proxies standards are defined in RFC 3135 Performance Enhancing Proxies Intended to Mitigate Link Related Degradations and http tools.ietf.org html rfc3449 RFC 3449 TCP Performance Implications of Network Path Asymmetry . Classification Available PEP implementations use different methods to enhance performance. Proxy Type A PEP can either split a connection or snoop into it. In the first case, the proxy pretends to be the opposite endpoint of the connection in each direction, literally splitting the connection into two. In the latter case, the proxy controls the transmissions of the TCP segments in both direction, by ack filtering and reconstruction in the existing connection see protocol spoofing . This is based on the OSI level of implementation of the PEP. ref http techblog.aasisvinayak.com performance enhancement proxy pep tcp in wireless network part 3 PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT PROXY PEP TCP in Wireless Network ref Distribution PEPs can be either integrated or distributed. Integrated PEP will run on a single box, while distributed PEP will require to be installed on both sides of the link that cause the performance degradation ... or asymmetric. Symmetric PEPs use identical behavior in both directions, the actions taken ... in each direction, which can cause, for example, only one link direction performance to be enhanced ... TCP PEPs to improve Transmission Control Protocol TCP performance over a satellite link . Split TCP ... to transfer data across the different legs. The end systems use standard TCP with no modifications ... or filtered to improve performance. Snoop The Snoop proxy ref cite journal last Balakrishnan first Hari coauthors Srinivasan Seshan, Randy H. Katz. title Improving TCP IP Performance over Wireless ... standards and networks Category Network performance de Performance Enhancement Proxy ...   more details



  1. Winners Don't Use Drugs

    Image Winners Dont Use Drugs.png right thumb Screenshot of the slogan Winners Don t Use Drugs is an recreational drug use anti drug slogan that was included on all arcade game s imported into North America for 11 years from 1989 to 2000. The slogan appears on a screen that is shown during a game s attract mode . The messages are credited to FBI Director William S. Sessions , whose name appears alongside the slogan. Sessions reached a deal with American Amusement Machine Association president Robert Fay through which 20 arcade manufacturers agreed to include the slogan in their games. The slogan made its official debut on January 10, 1989, when three major games that included the slogan were shown to the press. A similar campaign called Recycle It, Don t Trash It was launched several years afterward. Although Sessions s tenure with the FBI ended several years later, the slogan continued to be included in newer arcade games. It has since become a symbol of arcade gaming in the 1990s. ref name 1up http www.1up.com features winners dont use drugs ref The slogan has been parodied various times, such as in the Xbox Live Arcade PlayStation Network title Scott Pilgrim vs. the World The Game , saying Winners Don t Eat Meat. ref name Time http techland.time.com 2010 08 11 maybe if you knew the science scott pilgrim vs the world the game review ref References references Category Video game culture Category Advertising slogans Category History of drug control videogame culture stub ad stub ...   more details



  1. Le Dain Commission of Inquiry into the Non-Medical Use of Drugs

    The Commission of Inquiry into the Non Medical Use of Drugs , often referred to as the Le Dain Commission after its chair Dean Gerald Le Dain , was a Canadian government commission that was begun in 1969 and completed its work in 1972. The recommendations of of Gerald Le Dain, Heinz Lehmann and J. Peter Stein included the repeal of the prohibition against the simple possession of cannabis and cultivation for personal use. ref cite web last Canadian Government Commission of Inquiry into the Non Medical Use of Drugs title Conclusions and Recommendations of Gerald Le Dain, Heinz Lehmann, J. Peter Stein url http www.druglibrary.org schaffer Library studies ledain ldc6a.htm publisher Information Canada accessdate 24 April 2012 ref Marie Andree Bertrand, writing for a minority view, recommended a policy of legal distribution of cannabis, that cannabis be removed from the Narcotic Control Act since replaced by the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and that the provinces implement controls on possession and cultivation, similar to those governing the use of alcohol . ref cite web last Canadian Government Commission of Inquiry into the Non Medical Use of Drugs title Conclusions and Recommendations of of Marie Andree Bertrand url http www.druglibrary.org schaffer Library studies ledain ldc6b.htm publisher Information Canada accessdate 24 April 2012 ref The report also recommended that the federal government conduct further research to monitor and evaluate changes in the extent and patterns of the use of cannabis and other drugs, and to explore possible consequences to health, and personal and social behaviour, resulting from the controlled legal distribution of cannabis. A total of 365 ... into the Non Medical Use of Drugs 1972 Le Dain Commission Report Category Cannabis legal reform ... http beatles.ncf.ca lennon inquiry.html The Le Dain Commission of Inquiry into the Non Medical Use of Drugs The Private Hearing of John Lennon , December 22, 1969, in Montreal ref Although the report ...   more details



  1. The Drugs

    , the Drugs released the Was Sport Better in the 70 s single, their final single. Shortly after, a war broke out between the Drugs and rival rap metal band 28 Days over the song Metal VS Hip Hop when 28 Days fans threw cigarette butts at the Drugs, slashed the tyres on their van and destroyed their equipment. Ian Baddley then posted a letter to 28 Days lead singer Jay Dunne on the Drugs website ...Infobox musical artist See Wikipedia WikiProject Musicians name The Drugs background group or band alias origin Sydney , New South Wales , Australia genre Alternative rock , punk rock years active 1999 2005, 2008 2009 label Rubber Records , Shock Records website http www.thedrugs.net.au current members Ian Baddley br Harry Snow br Benny Drill br Mark Tracks br David Live br John Citizen live only The Drugs were a five piece Australian alternative rock band from Sydney. Formed by Ian Baddley in 1999, they released their first single, Pop Song , in 2000. Their debut album, Music s in Trouble , was released in 2002. Their second album, The Very Next Of , was released in 2004. They disbanded in 2005 ... as revealed in the documentary Masking Agents. History The drugs formed in 1999. Their first single ... some months later. In 2002, the Drugs won an ARIA for the Only Way is Up and recorded two singles ... articles 2003 02 26 1046064105077.html ref Later that year, the Drugs went back into the studio to record their second album. In 2004, the Drugs released the track I Was a Teenage Voter on Rock ... and Prison Love Song by a fictionalised version of the Drugs. In 2008, the Drugs got back together for the Osama Holiday tour. In 2010, the trailer for the Masking Agents movie was uploaded. The Drugs ... vs. Hip Hop 2002 Burger King song Burger King 2002 Was Sport Better in the 70s? 2003 Videos Masking Agents 2011 References references External links Official website http www.thedrugs.net.au The Drugs DEFAULTSORT Drugs, The Category Australian rock music groups Category The Drugs Category Musical groups ...   more details



  1. Use

    wiktionarypar use Use may refer to Use law , an obligation on a person to whom property has been conveyed Use mention distinction , the distinction between using a word and mentioning it See also Use case User story USE disambiguation disambig es Uso ...   more details



  1. USE

    USE or U.S.E. can refer to United States of Europe , a term sometimes used to refer to a hypothetical Federal Europe The fictional United States of Europe in the alternate history novel 1632 novel 1632 and the following 1632 series 1632 book series United State of Electronica , an American rock band U.S.E. album U.S.E. album , a self titled album by the band Uganda Securities Exchange , a stock exchange Uzbekistan Stock Exchange disambig ...   more details



  1. Drug use

    Drug use may refer to any drug use or Drug abuse Drug addiction Entheogen ic spiritual drug use Medication Performance enhancing drug use Recreational drug use Self medication disambig ko ...   more details



  1. Sport

    use the singular sport . The French word for sport is based on the Persian word bord , meaning winning or win . The Chinese term for sport, tiyu connotes physical training. The modern Greek term for sport is athlitismos , directly cognate with the English terms athlete and athleticism . The oldest definition of sport in English 1300 is of anything humans find amusing or entertaining. ref cite web url http www.etymonline.com index.php?search sport&searchmode none title sport ... Use dmy dates date April 2011 Category Sports af Sport am ang Indryhtegamen ar an Esporte ...pp vandalism small yes pp move indef Other uses Image Youth soccer indiana.jpg thumb 300px right Sport in childhood . Association football , shown above, is a team sport which also provides opportunities to nurture social actions social interaction skills. Sport is all forms of Competition competitive ... en members index.php?idIndex 32&idContent 14881 title Definition of sport ref through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical fitness and provide entertainment to participants. ref name council cite web last Council of Europe title The Europien sport charter url ..., either in team s or competing as individuals. Sport is generally recognised as activities which are based ..., but non physical, actvities claim recognition as mind sport s. The International Olympic Committee ... name sportaccord Sports are usually governed by a set of regulation of sport rules or tradition custom s. Physical events such as scoring goals or crossing a line first often define the result of a sport. However, the degree of skill and performance in some sports such as diving , dressage and figure ... levels, while failures and accomplishments are widely announced in sport news . Sports are most often .... However, professional sport is a major source of entertainment. Etymology and meaning Wiktionary Sport comes from the French language Old French desport meaning leisure . American English uses ...   more details



  1. Animal drugs

    worldview date April 2011 The term animal drugs refers to pharmaceutical drug drugs intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in animals. Regulation United States The Food and Drug Administration FDA has the broad mandate under the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act 21 U.S.C. 321 et seq. to assure the safety and effectiveness of animal drugs and their use in all animals, including farm animal s. Before FDA formally approves an animal drug, the sponsor or manufacturer of the drug must document in scientific testing that the drug has been found safe and effective . The testing data also must demonstrate that a methodology is available to detect and measure any residue left in edible animal product s. Farmers and veterinarian s using drugs on farm animals must adhere to guidelines about how much time must elapse before a treated animal can be slaughtered, and any other use constraints or warnings stated on the drug label. Animal biologics e.g., vaccines and tests are regulated by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service See also List of veterinary drugs Veterinary pathology References CRS article Report for Congress Agriculture A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition url http ncseonline.org nle crsreports 05jun 97 905.pdf author Jasper Womach Category Veterinary drugs ...   more details



  1. Oil for Drugs

    The Oil for Drugs case is an Italy Italian doping case against doctor Carlo Santuccione and a number of accomplices, started in 2003. He is accused of administering prohibited Doping sport doping products to professional and amateur sportsperson athlete s, to enhance their performance as well as being involved in doping network across Italy . ref cite web url http www.dailypeloton.com displayarticle.asp?pk 10163 title The Sport of the Doctors publisher Daily Peloton accessdate 2008 05 03 ref Timeline Death of Amateur cyclist The catalyst to start the investigation was the death of an amateur cyclist in Italy that was suspicious. The death of this unnamed cyclist which occurred around December 2002 led to an investigation by the Italian authorities. ref cite web url http cyclingfansanonymous.blogspot.com 2007 10 carlo santucciones poisonous legacy oil.html title The Oil for Drugs Investigation accessdate 2008 05 03 ref The State Prosecutor started and coordinated the investigation. Police action Italy s Anti Narcotic Group NAS began an investigation, this included tapping the phones of Doctor Santuccione and installing a hidden camera in his office. On March 3, 2004, they recorded a phone call in which Santuccione advised the professional cyclist Danilo Di Luca to inject EPO before Milan San Remo . ref name dilucaloses cite web url http autobus.cyclingnews.com news.php?id news 2008 may08 may01news title Di Luca wins and loses in CAS decision publisher Cyclingnews.com accessdate 2008 05 03 ref Di Luca said that he would visit the Doctor that evening with teammate Alessandro Spezialetti ... at this time mentioning Di Luca and hormone use. ref cite web url http autobus.cyclingnews.com ... Olympic Committee CONI due to his involvement in the Oil for Drugs case and after having already serving ... Reflist Category Doping cases in cycling Category 2004 in road cycling Oils for Drugs doping case cy Oil for Drugs fr Oil for Drugs it Oil for Drugs ...   more details



  1. Drugs in pregnancy

    Cleanup date October 2011 Drugs used during pregnancy can have temporary or permanent effects on the fetus. Any drug that acts during embryonic or fetal development to produce a permanent alteration of form or function is known as a teratogen . Prescribing for the pregnant woman Many physicians would prefer not to prescribe for pregnant women, the major concern being over teratogenicity of the drugs. The apprehension is not necessarily data driven, and is a cautionary response to the lack of clinical studies in pregnant women. In some cases, the use of drugs in pregnancy carries benefits that outweigh the risks. For example, high fever is harmful for the fetus in the early months, thus the use of paracetamol acetaminophen is generally associated with lower risk than the fever itself. Similarly ... to mother and baby. ref name reena shaji http www.lifehugger.com doc 525 drugs pregnancy and teratogenicity Drugs in Pregnancy & Teratogenicity , Reena Shaji,MD.Obstetrics & Gynecology ref Period of drug use Pregnancy and development of fetus progresses through various changes. The period of one ... to structural malformations and concern over teratogenicity of drugs. From the 3rd month week to the end of 9 months is the period of fetal maturation. Intake of drugs during this period may modify .... Categories of drugs The Food and Drug Administration FDA has developed a Pregnancy category rating system to provide therapeutic guidance based on potential benefits and fetal risks . Drugs have been classified into categories A, B, C, D and X based on this system of classification. Drugs, and some ... as Category A. On the other hand drugs like thalidomide with proven fetal risks that outweigh all benefits are classified as Category X. Classification of a few important drugs vaccines Antibacterial ... drugs Category B Heparin LMW Category C Heparin conventional , beta blockers, dihydropyridine calcium ..., diltiazem Central nervous system drugs Category B Acetaminophen, caffeine Category C Aspirin, clonidine ...   more details



  1. Prohibition of drugs

    also extends to some steroid s and other drugs. Many governments do not criminalize the possession of a limited quantity of certain drugs for personal use, while still prohibiting their sale or manufacture ... drugs was established under Sharia Islamic law , particularly against the use of hashish as a recreational drug , classical Ulema jurists of medieval Fiqh Islamic jurisprudence accepted the use of hashish ... of laws against use of certain drugs. Many of these officers are allegedly allowed ... of having one or more illegal drugs in one s possession, either for personal use, distribution ..., it is not an offense to use drugs Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2003 . There are different penalties ... to achieve their goal of eliminating illegal drug use Disrupting the market for drugs Prevention .... The prohibition of drugs through sumptuary law sumptuary legislation or religious law is a common means of attempting to prevent Recreational drug use drug use While most drugs are legal to possess, many governments regulate the manufacture, distribution, marketing, and sale of some drugs, for instance through a medical prescription prescription system. Only certain drugs are banned with a blanket prohibition against all use. However, a continuing problem remains in effect, as the prohibited drugs continue to be available through illegal trade, see illegal drug trade , also known as the Black ... date March 2012 Islamic countries mostly prohibit the use of Alcoholic beverage alcohol . Many ... 2010 peacock February 2010 section y The cultivation, use, and trade of psychoactive and other drug ... governments probably began to criminalize drugs possession and trade in the Middle Ages , and such legislation ... on Drugs . Today s War on Drugs bears many similarities to earlier drug laws, particularly in the motivation to prevent drug use. Vague date February 2010 Motivations claimed by supporters of drug prohibition ... recorded example is the prohibition of the use of alcohol under Islamic law Sharia , which is usually ...   more details



  1. FRANK (drugs)

    Criticism FRANK has been accused of presenting false and misleading information about drugs. One example ... use pointed out errors in the information presented ref cite web url http www.ukcia.org activism cannabis ... work ref ref cite web url http www.ixion.demon.co.uk blog.html franklyunacceptable title KFX Drugs ... FRANK and drug education more generally in a February 2010 speech, arguing that Drugs education ..., to the point of giving information as to the cost and immediate physical effects of drugs more ... 1 hi uk politics 2931076.stm BBC Frank anti drugs drive backed , 2003 05 23 http www.emcdda.europa.eu ... from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction http www.ukcia.org activism frank.htm ... Frank Drugs Category Drug policy Category Public awareness campaigns Category Propaganda in the United Kingdom Category Drugs in the United Kingdom ...   more details



  1. The Rhetoric of Drugs

    , March 1993 ref Notes Reflist See also Prohibition drugs Recreational drug use Hard and soft drugs ...The Rhetoric of Drugs , Rh torique de la drogue in the original French title, is a 1990 work by French philosopher Jacques Derrida . Derrida, interviewed, discusses the concept of drug , and says that Already one must conclude that the concept of drug is a non scientific concept, that it is instituted on the basis of moral or political evaluations. ref Eng. 1995, p.229 ref In his philosophical linguistic analysis, Derrida unmasks the socio cultural mystifications made on the discourse s on drugs. Derrida also discusses the problem of drug use by athletes. Exploring its confines, he says and what about women athletes who get pregnant for the stimulating, hormonal effects and then have an abortion after their event? ref Eng. 1995, p.248 original Et la pratique des athl tes femmes qui provoquent une grossesse dont les effets endocriniens sont dopants et qui avortent apr s l preuve? ref Derrida discusses how the link between the rhetoric of drugs and the Western ideology. He also says that Theodor W. Adorno Adorno and Max Horkheimer Horkheimer correctly point out that drug culture has always been associated with the West s other, with Oriental ethics and religion , ref name p250 Eng. 1995 ... a declaration of war on drugs . ref name p250 Editions This interview was made in 1989 ... The Rhetoric of Drugs. an Interview Journal article by Jacques Derrida Differences, Vol. 5, 1993 The Rhetoric of Drugs , translated by Michael Israel . Published in Points Interviews 1974 1994 ... s work and commented Those substances that we call drugs are substances that are well identified ... himself quibbling, in order to appear original. Those that we call drugs stupefacenti , an Italian ... Incl n modernity and.html by Persin, Margaret Jacques Derrida DEFAULTSORT Rhetoric of Drugs Category ... policy Category Non fiction books about drugs Category Works by Jacques Derrida Category Philosophy ...   more details



  1. List of drugs

    Do contribute by editing or expanding the list. Refer to talk page for contributor notes on style. List of drugs Top See also List of anaesthetic drugs List of antiviral drugs List of bestselling drugs List of comic book drugs List of controlled drugs in the United Kingdom List of drugs affected by grapefruit List of drugs banned from the Olympics List of fictional medicines and drugs List of monoclonal antibodies List of psychedelic drugs List of psychiatric medications List of psychiatric medications by condition treated List of street names of drugs List of veterinary drugs List of withdrawn drugs List of World Health Organization Essential Medicines List of schedules for drugs and poisons List of Schedule I drugs US List of Schedule II drugs List of Schedule III drugs List of Schedule IV drugs List of Schedule V drugs Essential medicines Category Lists of drugs ca Llista de f rmacs eo Listo de kuraciloj fa pl Leki i rodki farmaceutyczne pt Anexo Lista de f rmacos ro List de medicamente zh ...   more details



  1. Drugs, Inc.

    Infobox television show name Drugs, Inc. image include ALT text per WP ALT guideline caption show name 2 genre format creator developer writer director David Herman br Tom Willis creative director presenter starring judges voices narrated theme music composer opentheme endtheme composer country United States language English language English num seasons 2 num episodes 9 list episodes executive producer Jonathan Hewes br Chris Valentini producer David Herman br Minna Sedmakov editor Iain Mitchell location cinematography camera runtime 45 46 minutes company distributor channel National Geographic Channel picture format 480i SD br 720i HD audio format first run first aired start date 2010 07 11 last aired present preceded by followed by related website http channel.nationalgeographic.com channel drugs inc website title Official website production website Drugs, Inc. is an American factual television documentary television series on the National Geographic Channel that explores illegal drug trade global narcotics production and trafficking . The series features drug dealers, recreational drug use recreational users , and substance dependence addicts , as well as professionals in the fields of substance abuse , drug rehabilitation , and criminal justice . List of episodes Season 1 2010 class wikitable style width 30em width 10 width 55 Title width 35 Original air date Episode list EpisodeNumber 1 Title Cocaine OriginalAirDate start date 2010 7 11 Episode list EpisodeNumber 2 Title Meth OriginalAirDate start date 2010 7 11 Episode list EpisodeNumber 3 Title Heroin OriginalAirDate ... start date 2012 1 29 Episode list EpisodeNumber 7 Title Designer Drugs OriginalAirDate start date 2012 ... date 2012 2 19 See also War on Drugs Prohibition of drugs Arguments for and against drug prohibition External links http channel.nationalgeographic.com channel drugs inc Official Site Category National Geographic Channel programs Category 2010 American television series debuts da Drugs, Inc. ...   more details



  1. Drugs (journal)

    infobox journal abbreviation Drugs title Drugs cover File Drugs journal .jpeg editor Dene Peters history 1971 present frequency 18 issues per year publisher Wolters Kluwer Adis country ISSN 0012 6667 eISSN 1179 1950 CODEN DRUGAY LCCN 71 612913 impact 4.732 impact year 2009 website http adisonline.com drugs pages default.aspx discipline Drug therapy , pharmacology OCLC 01566990 Drugs is a Peer review peer reviewed medical journal published by Wolters Kluwer Adis that covers topics in drugs and therapeutics. Category Pharmacology journals Category English language journals Category Wolters Kluwer academic journals Category Publications established in 1971 med journal stub fr Drugs journal ...   more details



  1. The Soft Drugs

    Notability music date April 2009 The Soft Drugs is an United States American indie rock band fronted by ex Pedro the Lion member Tim Walsh musician T.W. Walsh , featuring percussionist Jason Cammarata, bass player Ken Maiuri, guitar player Michael Murray rock musician Mike Murray and guitar and keyboard player John Beck of Emergency Music. In 2008 Michael Murry released a solo album titled Style Matters . Discography In Moderation EP, 2006 Get Back Side A EP, 2008 Get Back LP, TBD External links http thesoftdrugs.com The Soft Drugs Website http myspace.com thesoftdrugs The Soft Drugs on MySpace http ajisignal.com city article the soft drugs tim walsh returns home http retrolowfi.com 2006 08 17 the soft drugs in moderation ep tower of song 2006 http amiestreet.com music the soft drugs http www.bandinbostonpodcast.com tag the soft drugs DEFAULTSORT Soft Drugs, The Category American indie rock groups Category Musical groups from Washington state ...   more details



  1. Lacing (drugs)

    is less likely to be adulterated than hard drugs are, it still occurs, and has been reported in several ... its weight. ref cite news url http abcnews.go.com Health Drugs story?id 4622149&page 1 title Lead ...&page 1 title Kids Use Embalming Fluid as Drug last Loviglio first Joann date July 27 ???? work ABC ... drugs in place of or in addition to MDMA abbreviation of 3,4 methylenedioxy N methylamphetamine . Since ... dextromethorphan DXM are all commonly found in pills being sold as ecstasy. More uncommon drugs ... 4 bromoamphetamine DOB , 2,5 Dimethoxy 4 iodoamphetamine DOI , and other closely related drugs ... 2009 See also Date rape drug Mickey Finn drugs Cutting agent References Reflist DEFAULTSORT Lacing Drugs Category Drug culture Category Adulteration ...   more details



  1. Religion and drugs

    belief and practice grew out of the use of Soma , a god, plant, and drink which is the focus of the Rigveda . The continued entheogenic use of drugs such as cannabis drug Cannabis is not uncommon among ... of the use of non pharmaceutical drugs. In the past, however, drugs played an important part ... 03 05 ref Christianity Many Christian denominations disapprove of the use of most illicit drugs. There are some ... the moderate use of socially and legally acceptable drugs like alcohol , caffeine and tobacco . Some ... purposes the use of drugs would be definitely harmful. How serious he is on this point is shown ..., or medicinal purposes. Many modern religions are opposed to drug use for intoxication. Many modern religions views towards drug use for intoxication come from cultural norms, and not from specifically ... explicitly forbid drug use for intoxication. Ancient Greece Unreferenced section date January 2010 ... the use of entheogens entheogen , such as the Kykeon central to the Eleusinian Mysteries . Recent ... mystics still use cannabis as an aid to spiritual experience. Hindu beliefs about appropriate use ... toward action is defined, and the level of use of the drug. While cannabis appears to interfere ... in the Western sense is diminished. The Hindu belief system accommodates this by prescribing use ... present is a welcome change. Use of the more potent preparations ganja, charas is not condoned ... uses of Cannabis url http cannabis marijuana.com india index.html work J Psychoactive Drugs 1985 Jul ... the use of intoxicants is shunned as an obstacle to Mindfulness Buddhism mindfulness and an enlightenment ... discouraged the use of intoxicants of any kind however, they may not be prohibited in all circumstances ... as part of taking refuge and becoming ordained, cannot imbibe any amount of alcohol or other drugs ... There is some evidence regarding the use of deliriant Datura seeds known as candabija in Dharmic rituals ... such as taking life threatening drugs. However, there is no general prohibition against drugs in Judaism ...   more details




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