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Encyclopedia results for Astra 2A

Astra 2A





Encyclopedia results for Astra 2A

  1. Astra 2A

    Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 2A Launch August 30, 1998 Mass 3,635  kg Major Contractors Boeing Satellite Systems Hughes Bus HS 601HP Carrier Rocket Proton K Blok DM3 DM3 Mission Duration 15 years Orbit regime Geostationary orbit Geostationary Transponder Capacity 32 Ku band br to be reduced to 28 as craft aged. Twta output power 28x98W Bandwidth 28x33 MHz EIRP 51 dBW Longitude 27 E testing br 28.2 E Astra 2A is one of the Astra satellites Astra communications satellite s owned by SES S.A. SES . Launched in 1998, half its expected end of life capacity of 28 transponders were pre booked by BSkyB ... industry site Orbital launches in 1998 Luxembourg spacecraft stub nocat yes DEFAULTSORT Astra 2a Category ... stub de Astra 2A ru 2A uk Astra 2A .... ref http www.tbs satellite.com tse online sat astra 2a.html The Satellite Encyclopaedia ref When ... was the first of Astra s craft to never carry analogue television services with the exception of a solitary ... polarisation, exist 2A North and 2A South . The South beam covers almost all of Europe, with the North beam covering only Northern Europe at a high power. By 2014, following the launches of Astra satellite Astra 2E , Astra satellite Astra 2F , and Astra satellite Astra 2G to 28.2 E, Astra 2A is expected to be moved to Astra 23.5 E , alongside Astra 3A , Astra 3B , and Astra 1E . ref Where markets grow via satellite Our global satellite fleet SES January 2012 ref See also Astra 2B co located satellite Astra 2D co located satellite Astra 1N co located satellite Astra 28.2 E orbital position SES S.A. SES satellite operator Astra satellites Astra satellite family References Reflist External links satbeams footprint 5595 Astra 2A Ku band North Beam satbeams footprint 5596 Astra 2A Ku band South Beam http www.onastra.com how to receive astra index.php SES guide to receiving Astra satellites http www.onastra.com channel guide index.php SES guide to channels broadcasting on Astra satellites ...   more details



  1. 2A

    2A or II A may refer to Alberta Highway 2A Alpha 2A adrenergic receptor Keratin 2A Massachusetts Route 2A Stalag II A Telecom 2A , a satellite the Transcription Factor II A the Deutsche Bahn IATA designator the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution the number of the French department Corse du Sud a strain of the bacterium Lactobacillus sakei See also A2 disambiguation Letter NumberCombDisambig fr 2A ...   more details



  1. Astra

    TOC right Astra can refer to Entertainment Astra comics , name of two otherwise unrelated Marvel Comics characters, from 1977 and 1999 Astra manga Astra manga , series coauthored by Jerry Robinson in 1999 Astra, a member of the First Family comics , a group of recurring superhero characters Astra, Ultraman Leo s twin brother ASTRA, Australian Subscription Television and Radio Association ASTRA Awards , annual awards presented by the Australian subscription television industry Astra Film Festival , Romanian international documentary and visual anthropology film festival Music Astra Chamber Music Society , a Melbourne, Australia concert organization, formed in 1951 Astra band , an American psychedelic and progressive rock band Astra album Astra album , a 1985 release by Asia Astra , a 1990 composition by Charles Wuorinen Sports FC Astra Ploie ti , a Romanian football club currently playing in Liga I Astra mma event , a mixed martial arts event Science and technology Computers and telecommunications Astra satellites , a family of satellites operated by SES Trillian software Trillian Astra Trillian 4 Trillian Astra , codename for a version of Trillian instant messaging IM client Access ... Space Astra, one suggested name for a fifth planet hypothetical that became the asteroid belt Association in Scotland to Research into Astronautics , a Scottish space advocacy group Other ASTRA reactor ... Astra 1920 automobile , built by American company Dorris Motors Astra 1922 automobile , French cyclecar made by E Pasquet Astra 1930 automobile , shown by Belgian company Automobiles Astra, but never produced Astra 1954 automobile , built by British Anzani until 1959 Vauxhall Astra , British GM brand since 1979, originally a version of the Opel Kadett Holden Astra , Australian version of the Nissan Pulsar, 1984 1989 version of the Opel Astra since 1995 Opel Astra , produced since 1991 also known as the Chevrolet Astra and Saturn Astra Aviation IAI Astra , Israel Aircraft Industries manufactured ...   more details



  1. Soyuz 2A

    Unreferenced date April 2010 Cleanup date April 2010 Soyuz 2A is the unofficial designation for a cancelled space flight of the Soyuz spacecraft . It would have flown alongside the Soyuz 1 mission, except for a technical reasons the flight was cancelled, which resulted in saving the lives of the crew. In the Soviet space program it was usual only for successful launches to gain official designations, so this mission did not receive an official designation and is informally named Soyuz 2A to distinguish it from the official Soyuz 2 mission, which was launched in October 1968 as an unmanned docking target for Soyuz 3 . Situation Over two years had passed since the last manned Soviet space flight. To introduce the new Soyuz spacecraft, the Soviets planned an ambitious double mission, which would see the two spacecraft dock and exchange passengers. This was despite the failure of unmanned tests of the Soyuz spacecraft, which still contained flaws. Political pressure from the Soviet leadership meant the launch of Soyuz 1 went ahead in spite of these problems. Crew As with the Voskhod programme Voshkod flights the crew organization became under the control of several different departments, with on one side the director of cosmonaut training Nikolai Kamanin and on the other Vasily Mishin , director of the design engineering department OKB 1. Since 1965 Kamanin had eight cosmonauts in training for Soyuz missions. Four had already been in space Yuri Gagarin , Andrian Nikolayev , Valery Bykovsky , and Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov Vladimir Komarov . Viktor Gorbatko and Yevgeny Khrunov had been with the program since 1960 but had not flown into space, while Anatoli Voronov and Pyotr Kolodin also had no space experience and had been with the program since 1963. Mishin decided to train ... flights soyuz2a.htm Soyuz 2A at Encyclopedia Astronautica Category Soyuz programme Soyuz 02A bg 2 de Sojus 2A it Sojuz 2A ru 2 ...   more details



  1. Metallothionein 2A

    PBB geneid 4502 Metallothionein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MT2A gene . ref name pmid7133118 cite journal author Karin M, Richards RI title Human metallothionein genes primary structure of the metallothionein II gene and a related processed gene journal Nature volume 299 issue 5886 pages 797 802 year 1982 month Dec pmid 7133118 pmc doi 10.1038 299797a0 ref ref name entrez cite web title Entrez Gene MT2A metallothionein 2A url http www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov sites entrez?Db gene&Cmd ShowDetailView&TermToSearch 4502 accessdate ref The PBB Summary template is automatically maintained by Protein Box Bot. See Template PBB Controls to Stop updates. PBB Summary section title summary text Interactions Metallothionein 2A has been shown to Protein protein interaction interact with Protein kinase D1 . ref name pmid14550308 cite journal doi 10.1016 j.bbrc.2003.09.118 last Rao first Prema S authorlink coauthors Jaggi Meena, Smith David J, Hemstreet George P, Balaji K C year 2003 month Oct. title Metallothionein 2A interacts with the kinase domain of PKCmu in prostate cancer journal Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. volume 310 issue 3 pages 1032 8 publisher location United States issn 0006 291X pmid 14550308 bibcode oclc id url language format accessdate laysummary laysource laydate quote ref References reflist Further reading refbegin 2 PBB Further reading citations cite journal author Kissling MM, K gi HR title Primary structure of human hepatic metallothionein. journal FEBS Lett. volume 82 issue 2 pages 247 50 year 1977 pmid 913597 doi 10.1016 0014 5793 77 80594 2 cite journal author Yamazaki S, Nakanishi M, Hamamoto T, et al. title Expression of human metallothionein II fusion protein in Escherichia coli. journal Biochem. Int. volume 28 issue 3 pages 451 60 year 1993 pmid 1339282 doi cite journal author Messerle BA, Sch ffer A, Vas k M, et al. title Comparison of the solution conformations of human Zn7 metallothionein 2 and Cd7 metallothionein 2 using nuclear magne ...   more details



  1. Keratin 2A

    PBB geneid 3849 Keratin 2A also known as keratin 2E or keratin 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KRT2A gene . ref name pmid1380918 cite journal author Collin C, Moll R, Kubicka S, Ouhayoun JP, Franke WW title Characterization of human cytokeratin 2, an epidermal cytoskeletal protein synthesized late during differentiation journal Exp. Cell Res. volume 202 issue 1 pages 132 41 year 1992 month September pmid 1380918 doi 10.1016 0014 4827 92 90412 2 url ref ref name pmid9804344 cite journal author Smith FJ, Maingi C, Covello SP, Higgins C, Schmidt M, Lane EB, Uitto J, Leigh IM, McLean WH title Genomic organization and fine mapping of the keratin 2e gene KRT2E K2e V1 domain polymorphism and novel mutations in ichthyosis bullosa of Siemens journal J. Invest. Dermatol. volume 111 issue 5 pages 817 21 year 1998 month November pmid 9804344 doi 10.1046 j.1523 1747.1998.00371.x url ref Keratin 2A is a type II cytokeratin . It is found largely in the upper spinous layer of epidermal keratinocyte s and mutations in the gene encoding this protein have been associated with ichthyosis bullosa of Siemens . ref name pmid7524919 cite journal author Rothnagel JA, Traupe H, Wojcik S, Huber M, Hohl D, Pittelkow MR, Saeki H, Ishibashi Y, Roop DR title Mutations in the rod domain of keratin 2e in patients with ichthyosis bullosa of Siemens journal Nat. Genet. volume 7 issue 4 pages 485 90 year 1994 month August pmid 7524919 doi 10.1038 ng0894 485 url ref References reflist Further reading refbegin 2 cite journal author Whittock NV, Ashton GH, Griffiths WA, et al. title New mutations in keratin 1 that cause bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma and keratin 2e that cause ichthyosis bullosa of Siemens. journal Br. J. Dermatol. volume 145 issue 2 pages 330 5 year 2001 pmid 11531804 doi 10.1046 j.1365 2133.2001.04327.x cite journal author Lan L, Hayes CS, Laury Kleintop L, Gilmour SK title Suprabasal induction of ornithine decarboxylase in adult mouse skin is sufficient to activate ...   more details



  1. Astra 1KR

    Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 1KR Operator SES S.A. SES Launch April 20, 2006 Mass Convert 4332 kg Major Contractors Lockheed Martin Bus A2100AX Carrier Rocket Atlas V 411 Mission Duration 15 years Orbit ... 32 26  MHz EIRP 50  dBW Longitude 19.2 E coord 0 19.2 display title Astra 1KR is one of the Astra satellites Astra geostationary satellite s owned by SES S.A. SES . It was launched in April 2006 as a replacement for Astra 1K , which failed to reach orbit on launch in 2002 ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date November 28, 2002 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2002 4436301 title ASTRA 1K satellite stabilised accessdate January 26, 2012 ref . The launch of Astra 1KR was the first attempted by SES since the Astra 1K failure. The craft launched to 3.4 east for testing, before moving to Astra 19.2 E , where it replaced Astra 1B , which was effectively decommissioned, and Astra 1C , which was then elderly and running beneath full capacity. It was expected to also replace Astra 2C , which was under utilised, and to allow that satellite to returned to Astra 28.2 E to join Astra 2A 2A Astra 2B 2B Astra 2D 2D to provide additional capacity. However, SES stated that Astra 1L would replace Astra 2C. ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date June 17, 2003 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2003 4418814 title SES ASTRA PROCURES TWO SATELLITES WITH LOCKHEED MARTIN accessdate ... transponders on the failing Astra 1E . See also SES S.A. SES Astra satellites Astra Astra 19.2 E Astra 1K Astra 1B Astra 1C Astra 2C Astra 1E References Reflist External links http www.ses.com 4628698 astra 1kr Astra 1KR page on SES http www.onastra.com OnAstra Official Astra consumers viewers ... SES fleet information and map satbeams footprint 5666 Astra 1KR Ku band Europe Beam Orbital launches in 2006 SES Astra Luxembourg spacecraft stub nocat yes DEFAULTSORT Astra 1kr Category Communications ... Astra 1KR uk Astra 1KR ...   more details



  1. Astra 2B

    East Astra 2B is one of the Astra satellites Astra communications satellite s owned and operated by SES S.A. SES , launched in 2000 to join Astra 2A at the Astra 28.2 E orbital slot providing digital ...Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 2B Launch Date September 14, 2000 Launch Mass convert 3315 kg Orbit Mass ... astra 2b title Astra 2B Footprints publisher SES accessdate January 26, 2011 ref . TV signals can ... required in the extreme north and west. 17 transponders on Astra 2B are used by BSkyB to provide the Sky ... ref cite web url http www.lyngsat.com astra2b.html title Astra 2B at 28.2 E publisher LyngSat accessdate August 12, 2008 ref . Astra 2B can also provide backup capacity, substituting for one or more transponders across the whole 10.70 12.75  GHz range used by Astra satellites in the Astra 19.2 E and Astra 28.2 E orbital positions. A third, steerable beam provides 8 transponders in the 12.50 ... is the commercial responsibility of SES New Skies . By 2014, following the launches of Astra satellite Astra 2E , Astra satellite Astra 2F , and Astra satellite Astra 2G to 28.2 E, Astra 2B is expected to be moved to Astra 19.2 E , alongside Astra 1KR , Astra 1L , Astra 1M , and Astra 1N . ref Where markets grow via satellite Our global satellite fleet SES January 2012 ref See also Astra 2A co located satellite Astra 2D co located satellite Astra 1N co located satellite Astra 28.2 E orbital position SES S.A. SES satellite owner Astra satellites Astra satellite family References Reflist External links http www.onastra.com how to receive astra index.php SES guide to receiving Astra satellites http www.onastra.com channel guide index.php SES guide to channels broadcasting on Astra ... trade industry site http www.satbeams.com footprints?beam 5578 Astra 2B North beam footprint on SatBeams http www.satbeams.com footprints?beam 5579 Astra 2B South beam footprint on SatBeams SES Astra Orbital launches in 2000 SES World Skies Luxembourg spacecraft stub nocat yes DEFAULTSORT Astra ...   more details



  1. Astra 2C

    31.5 East Astra 2C is one of the Astra satellites Astra communications satellite s owned and operated by SES S.A. SES . Designed to join Astra 2A and Astra 2B at the Astra 28.2 E orbital slot ...Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 2C Launch Date 16 June 2001 Launch Mass convert 3643 kg Manufacturer Boeing ... was first used at Astra 19.2 E 19.2 E for pan European coverage. The satellite provides two broadcast ... 4628719 astra 2c title Astra 2C publisher SES accessdate January 26, 2012 ref TV signals can ... in the extreme north and west. Astra 2C can also provide backup capacity, substituting for one or more transponders across the 10.70  GHz 12.20  GHz broadcast range used by Astra satellites in the Astra 19.2 E and Astra 28.2 E orbital positions, and was first deployed after launch in 2001 ... astra2c.html title Astra 2C at 28.2 E publisher LyngSat accessdate 12 August 2008 ref Only ... that in April, Astra 2C was to be moved from 28.2 east to Astra 31.5 E to temporarily replace the failed Astra 5A until Astra 3B was launched to Astra 23.5 E , when another craft currently there could be released to Astra 31.5 E. ref cite press release publisher SES Astra date 10 March 2009 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2009 4469428 title SES To Move ASTRA 2C Satellite To 31.5 Degrees East To Support Development Of New Orbital Position accessdate January 26, 2012 ref The move of Astra 2C was started in early May 2009 and completed on 11 May, ref http www.lyngsat.com headlines.html Astra 2C ... at the new position in the subsequent two weeks. In June 2010, Astra 3B launched May 2010 came into operation at Astra 23.5 E and Astra 1G was moved from that position to Astra 31.5 E, where it could release take over all broadcasting activity from Astra 2C. Astra 2C left 31.5 E in September 2010. Temporary use at 19.2 E Astra 2C was first positioned at 19.2 E after launch in 2001, to provide pan European capacity at the primary Astra position pending the launch of Astra 1L in May 2007 and was moved ...   more details



  1. Astra 2D

    Astra 2D is one of the Astra satellites Astra communications satellite s owned and operated by SES S.A. SES , and located at Astra 28.2 E 28.2 east in the Clarke Belt . It is a Boeing Satellite Systems Hughes HS 376 craft, and was launched from the Guiana Space Centre in December 2000 to join Astra 2A and Astra 2B at 28.2 E, where it has remained for its active life. As of February 2012, Astra 2D ... 2012 02 changes to bbc services on sat.shtml ref See also Astra 2A co located satellite Astra 2B ...Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 2D Organisation SES S.A. SES Launch 19 December 2000 Mass 1420  kg ... astra2d.html Astra 2D at 28.2 E on lyngsat.com Accessed March 2, 2012 ref In Service While active, most of Astra 2D s transponders were used to provide television channels available on the Sky Digital ... of its domestic television channels including BBC HD and the regional variations from the Astra 2D satellite, except the BBC News TV Channel BBC News Channel and BBC Parliament which broadcast from Astra 2A . All domestic BBC channels have been free to air since 29 July 2003. ITV also broadcast all ... the Astra 2D satellite. All ITV channels have been free to air from 1 November 2005, although some ... time on Astra 2D, using borrowed space on a BBC transponders, allowing the channel to join ... years, Astra 2D was expected to leave regular operational service towards the end of 2012 or the beginning of 2013 and so the Astra 1N satellite, designed for operation at Astra 19.2 E and launched in August 2011, was initially positioned at Astra 28.2 E 28.2 E to temporarily replace Astra 2D until the launch of its long term replacement, Astra satellites Astra 2F . Astra 1N started commercial service ... 4233325 news 2011 8301772 title New SES Satellite ASTRA 1N Operational ref with transponder testing in October and November. Channels on Astra 2D started to transfer to Astra 1N in December ... over the next two months. On February 24, 2012 the last remaining channels on Astra 2D the BBC ...   more details



  1. Astra 1D

    Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 1D Organisation SES S.A. SES Launch November 1, 1994 Mass convert 2924 ... W Longitude 19.2 E br 28.2 E br 24.2 E br 23.0 E br 23.5 E br 1.8 E br 28 E Astra 1D was the fourth, and under original plans, last Astra satellites Astra communications satellite from SES S.A. SES Soci t Europ enne des Satellites . It was launched to SES original solitary operational position at Astra 19.2 E 19.2 east , and was intended as an in orbit spare for Astra s Astra 1A 1A , Astra 1B 1B and Astra 1C 1C . However, demand for additional capacity for both United Kingdom British and Germany ... of a further four Astra satellites to the 19.2 east position. When the satellite originally ... these allowed viewers to switch manually between the Astra 1A and Astra 1D frequency bands precisely 250  MHz. History After launch to 19.2 east, Astra 1D served two periods as a spare at the Astra 28.2 E position colocated with Astra 2A , during mid 1998 and for most of 2000. In between these two periods, it returned to the Astra 19.2 E position. During this time, some small numbers of transponders were used for regular service. After other Astra craft Astra 2B , Astra 2D either arrived ... more than test cards or feeds, until a move to 23 east September 2003 and then Astra 23.5 E 23.5 east November 2004 ref cite web url http www.tbs satellite.com tse online sat astra 1d.html title Astra ... began to use it as their main transmitting craft. In November 2007, Astra 1D was replaced at the Astra 23.5 E position by Astra 1E , and was moved to Astra 31.5 E 31.5 east , where it operated in inclined orbit , to replace Optus A3, and was joined in April 2008 by Astra 5A to officially open the Astra 31.5 E position. On January 16, 2009 Astra 5A suffered a technical failure and all traffic ceased. Much of it especially channels for German cable service, Kabel Deutschland transferred to Astra 23.5 E as Astra 1D was not suitable for the transmission of these services because it was in an inclined ...   more details



  1. Astra (satellite)

    2A 2A August 30, 1998 Boeing Satellite Systems Hughes HS 601HP Proton rocket Proton Astra 2B 2B September ... a family are not identical, for example of the Astra 2 satellites 2A and 2C are BSS 601HPs, 2B ...Image Astra logo.svg 220px thumb The Astra brand logo Astra is the brand name for a number of geostationary ... equipment. From the launch of Astra 1A in 1988 the Astra satellites were owned and operated by Soci t Europ enne des Satellites SES . In 2001 SES Astra , a newly formed subsidiary of SES, operated the Astra satellites and in September 2011, SES Astra was consolidated back into the parent company. ref ... MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE ref Astra satellites broadcast nearly 2400 digital television and radio channels .... ref name satmonrelease cite press release publisher SES Astra date March 23, 2011 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2011 4492951 title ASTRA INCREASES REACH OVER ALL PLATFORMS accessdate January ... Above book High Above , telling the story of the creation and development of the Astra satellites ... 2010 to mark the 25th Anniversary of SES. Satellites There are 16 operational Astra satellites, the majority in five orbital locations Astra 19.2 E , Astra 28.2 E , Astra 23.5 E , Astra 5 E , Astra 31.5 E . Astra s principle of co location several satellites are maintained close to each other, all ... center Satellite Launch Date Manufacturer Model Launch vehicle Comments colspan 5 Astra 19.2 E ASTRA ... www.ses.com 4681581 astra reach ASTRA reach 2010 SES market research. Retrieved January 26, 2012 ref 1H June 16, 1999 Boeing Satellite Systems Hughes HS 601HP Proton rocket Proton Astra 1KR 1KR 20 April 2006 Lockheed Martin A2100 Atlas V 411 Launched after the failure of Astra 1K. Astra 1L 1L May ... a sub bands Astra 1M 1M Nov 6, 2008 EADS Astrium Eurostar E3000 Proton M Replacement for 1G and backup at 19.2 E. Started commercial service 20 January 2009 ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date January 20, 2009 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2009 4470504 title New ASTRA 1M Satellite ...   more details



  1. Astra 1B

    use when digital television on Astra 2A removed the majority of UK and Ireland targeted channels from ...Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 1B Organisation SES S.A. SES Launch March 2, 1991 Mass 1562  kg Major Contractors GE AstroSpace Bus GE 5000 Carrier Rocket Ariane 4 br s n V42 Mission Duration 10 years Orbit regime Geostationary orbit Geostationary operational br Graveyard orbit Graveyard current Transponder ... 2,136 W Longitude 19.2 E coord 0 19.2 display title Astra 1B was the second of the Astra satellites Astra communications satellite s launched and operated by SES S.A. SES Soci t Europ enne des Satellites ... to the satellite television services from Astra 19.2 E 19.2 east , serving Germany , the United .... Along with Astra 1C , Astra 1B was to be replaced in 2002 with Astra 1K , which failed to launch ... in October 2005, but was carrying only colour bars. On June 16, 2006 SES confirmed that Astra 1B would be decommissioned and de orbited within weeks after Astra 1KR , the satellite which would replace Astra 1B and 1C, reached the operational orbital position of 19.2 east. ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date June 16, 2006 url http www.ses astra.com business en news events press archive 2006 06 06 16 index.php title ASTRA 1KR OPERATIONAL AT ORBITAL POSITION 19.2 EAST ref It was officially ... 1992 1994 , VH1 UK 1994 2001 23 11,553 H Astra Video 1991 , FilmNet 1991 1992 , UK Gold 1992 2001 , What ... fi Channel UK 1997 2001 25 11,582 H Nord 3 1991 2001 , NDR Fernsehen 2001 26 11,597 V Astra Info ... 1992 29 11,641 H TV3 Denmark 1991 ,Astra Info 1992 , n tv 1992 30 11,656 V Cineman a 1992 1997 , Astra Video 1992 ORB Fernsehen 1997 31 11,671 H TV3 Norway 1991 1996 Sky Sports 3 1996 2001 32 ... S.A. SES satellite operator Astra satellites Astra satellite family Astra 19.2 E Astra 1A Astra 1C Astra 1D Astra 1E Astra 1K Astra 1KR SES Astra DEFAULTSORT Astra 1b Category Communications satellites in geostationary orbit Category 1991 in Luxembourg de Astra 1B ru 1B uk Astra 1B ...   more details



  1. Ad astra

    TOCright Ad astra may refer to General Ad astra phrase , a Latin phrase meaning To the stars , and the motto of several organizations Ad Astra magazine Ad Astra magazine , official publication of the National Space Society Ad Astra journal Ad Astra journal , undergraduate journal of Roosevelt Academy Ad Astra convention , Toronto literary science fiction convention Companies Ad Astra Rocket Company , a U.S. corporation founded by former NASA astronaut Franklin Chang Diaz Ad Astra Aero , precursor of the now defunct Swissair airline Ad Astra Games , a game publisher Literature and art Ad Astra , a short story by William Faulkner Ad Astra , a short story by Harry Harrison Ad Astra , a painting by Akseli Gallen Kallela Ad Astra Lippold sculpture Ad Astra Lippold sculpture , a large sculpture at the entrance to the National Air and Space Museum Music Ad Astra , a song by the band Arcturus, from the album La Masquerade Infernale Ad Astra , an album and a song by the band Spiritual Beggars See also Adastra disambiguation Per aspera ad astra , a related Latin phrase disambig es Ad astra fr Ad astra ...   more details



  1. Astra 1N

    21250 See also Astra 2A co located satellite Astra 2B co located satellite Astra 2D co located satellite Astra 28.2 E orbital position SES S.A. SES satellite operator Astra satellites Astra satellite family References Reflist External links http www.onastra.com how to receive astra index.php SES guide ...Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 1N Launch Date August 06, 2011 Launch Mass convert 5300 kg Orbit Mass kg ... 54 dBW Expendable Energy 13,074 W Longitude 28.2 East COSPAR ID 2011 041A Astra 1N is one of the Astra satellites Astra communications satellite s owned and operated by SES S.A. SES , launched in 2011 to join Astra 2A , Astra 2B Astra 2D at the Astra 28.2 E orbital slot. The satellite was originally designed to provide digital television and radio broadcast services across Europe from the Astra 19.2 E position, in particular the German, French and Spanish markets, alongside the Astra 1KR , Astra 1L , and Astra 1M satellites already operating there. ref cite press release publisher SES Astra date july 14, 2008 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2008 4464006 title SES ASTRA ORDERS NEW SATELLITE FROM ASTRIUM accessdate January 26, 2012 ref However, Astra 1N will initially be positioned at 28.2 ... Direct broadcast satellite DTH platforms prior to the launch of Astra 2E and Astra 2F to this position ... 4233325 news 2011 7722694 title ASTRA 1N ROARS INTO SPACE ON BOARD ARIANE 5 accessdate January 26, 2012 ref Astra 1N is the fourth satellite to be built for Astra by Astrium and the 46th SES SA SES satellite in orbit. On 24 October 2011, Astra 1N entered commercial service at 28.2 E. ref cite press release url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2011 8301772 title New SES Satellite ASTRA 1N Operational publisher SES date 24 October 2011 accessdate January 26, 2012 ref Broadcasting footprint The Astra ... peninsular, Italy and the Mediterranean. ref cite web url http www.ses.com 4628614 astra 1n title Astra 1N Factsheet publisher SES accessdate January 26, 2012 ref Current TV Channels on Astra ...   more details



  1. Astra 5A

    Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 5A Sirius 2 Launch Date November 12, 1997 Launch Mass convert 2920 kg Manufacturer ... MHz EIRP 51 dBW Expendable Energy 6,500 W Former location 5 East Astra 5A is one of the Astra satellites Astra communications satellite s owned and operated by SES S.A. SES at the Astra 31.5 E orbital slot. Launched in 1997 to the Astra 5 E 5 E position by NSAB later SES Sirius , and now a non autonomous ... of markets in Eastern Europe and the Middle East ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date April 29, 2008 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2008 4462790 title SES ASTRA STARTS NEW ORBITAL POSITION AT 31.5 DEGREES EAST accessdate January 26, 2012 ref . Astra 5A is co located with Astra 1D , moved in November 2007 from the Astra 23.5 E orbital position. The Astra 5A satellite provides ... satellite list astra5a index.php title Astra 5A Factsheet publisher SES ASTRA accessdate September ..., and Ukraine. ref SES ASTRA 31.5 East August, 2007 . Company factsheet ref Demise of satellite On January 16, 2009 Astra 5A experienced a technical anomaly leading to the end of the spacecraft s mission ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date January 16, 2009 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2009 4468235 title SES ASTRA Announces End Of ASTRA 5A Spacecraft Mission accessdate January 26, 2012 ... transferred to Astra 23.5 E . Transfer of services to Astra 1D was not practical because this satellite, although effectively co located with Astra 5A, is in an inclined orbit and usable only ..., the Astra 2C satellite was to be moved from the Astra 28.2 E 28.2 east position to Astra 31.5 E to temporarily take over Astra 5A s mission until Astra 3B is launched to Astra 23.5 E , when another craft currently there can be released to Astra 31.5 E. ref cite press release publisher SES Astra date March 10, 2009 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2009 4469428 title SES To Move ASTRA 2C Satellite ... .The move of Astra 2C was started in May 2009 and completed on May 11 ref http www.lyngsat.com headlines.html ...   more details



  1. Astra 1E

    Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 1E Launch Date October 19, 1995 Launch Mass convert 3014 kg Orbit Mass ... Astra 1E is is one of the Astra satellites Astra communications satellite s owned and operated by SES S.A. SES , and launched in 1995 to the Astra 19.2 E orbital slot to provide digital television and radio for Direct to Home DTH across Europe. Astra 1E was the first Astra satellite to be dedicated ... business en satellite fleet satellite list astra1e index.php title Astra 1E publisher SES ASTRA ... 80  cm dish. In October 2007, following the successful deployment of Astra 1L at 19.2 E, Astra 1E was moved to Astra s new DTH orbital position, Astra 23.5 E 23.5 E ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date October 23, 2007 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2007 4434632 title 23.5 East is a new orbital slot for Direct to Home and ASTRA2Connect ASTRA 1E replaces ASTRA 1D accessdate January ... ref SES ASTRA ASTRA2Connect Broadband and VoIP August, 2008 . Company factsheet ref using four ... url http www.lyngsat.com astra1e.html title Astra 1E at 23.5 E publisher LyngSat accessdate September 19, 2008 ref In May 2010 Astra 3B was launched to the 23.5 east position, coming into service in June 2010, at which time the services using Astra 1E were transferred to the new craft. In August 2010, Astra 1E left the 23.5 east position moving westwards, to the Astra 5 E position to provide backup for Astra 4A pending the launch of Astra 4B to that position in 2011. At 5 east, Astra 1E carries ... web url http www.lyngsat.com astra1e.html title Astra 1E at 4.6 E publisher LyngSat accessdate October 4, 2010 ref See also Astra 3B Astra 4A SES S.A. SES satellite operator Astra satellites Astra satellite ... http www.onastra.com how to receive astra index.php SES guide to receiving Astra satellites http www.onastra.com channel guide index.php SES guide to channels broadcasting on Astra satellites http www.onastra.com ... http www.satbeams.com footprints?beam 5189 Astra 1E FSS Horizontal beam footprint on SatBeams http ...   more details



  1. Astra 3A

    Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 3A Launch Date 29 March 2002 Launch Mass convert 1495 kg Manufacturer Boeing ... Expendable Energy 1,550  W Longitude 23.5 East Astra 3A is one of the Astra satellites Astra communications satellite s owned and operated by SES S.A. SES , launched in 2002 to the Astra 23.5 E ... of central Europe ref cite web url http www.ses.com 4628761 astra 3a title Astra 3A publisher ... to contribution feeds and individual TV channels, Astra 3A carried pay TV networks including Kabel ... astra3a.html title Astra 3A at 23.5 E publisher LyngSat accessdate August 28, 2008 ref On February 1, 2012 Kabel Deutschland left the Astra 3A. ref cite web url http www.digitalfernsehen.de ... ref At the moment the astra 3A is only used for occasional feeds. Skylink TV platform Skylink Slovakia and Czech Republic still uses one transponder . All other services are taken over by Astra 3B . Astra 3A was launched to provide follow on capacity to replace the DFS Kopernikus DFS Kopernikus ... SES Astra s second major European satellite hotspot after Astra 19.2 E with access to channels at both positions using a single dish fitted with a Monoblock LNB monoblock Duo LNB . See also Astra 3B co located satellite Thor satellite Thor 2 co located satellite Astra 23.5 E orbital position SES S.A. SES satellite operator Astra satellites Astra satellite family DFS Kopernikus previous position holder References Reflist External links http www.onastra.com how to receive astra index.php SES guide to receiving Astra satellites http www.onastra.com channel guide index.php SES guide to channels broadcasting on Astra satellites http www.onastra.com OnAstra Official consumers viewers site http www.ses.com SES Official trade industry site http www.satbeams.com footprints?beam 5633 Astra 3A Horizontal beam footprint on SatBeams http www.satbeams.com footprints?beam 5717 Astra 3A Vertical beam footprint on SatBeams SES Astra Orbital launches in 2002 Luxembourg spacecraft stub nocat yes DEFAULTSORT ...   more details



  1. Astra Stadium

    Coord 44 55 42.40 N 26 00 12.30 E type landmark display title Infobox Stadium stadium name Stadionul Astra image File Stadionul Astra.JPG center 250px Stadionul Astra location Ploie ti , Romania opened 1934 renovated 2008 surface Grass seating capacity 10,000 tenants FC Astra Ploie ti Astra Ploie ti 1934 present br CS Otopeni 2008 2009 br Dinamo Bucure ti 2011 br Steaua Bucure ti 2011 Astra Stadium is a football only stadium in Ploie ti , Romania . It is currently used mostly for football soccer football matches and is the home ground of FC Astra Ploie ti . The stadium is 100 the property of Astra Ploie ti president, Ioan Niculae . CS Otopeni also played its Liga I 2008 09 Liga I matches on this stadium, because its own stadium, Stadionul Otopeni Otopeni Stadium , didn t met the requirements. International games cellspacing 0 cellpadding 3 style border 1px solid AAAAAA font size 90 bgcolor E4E4E4 style border bottom 1px solid AAAAAA style border bottom 1px solid AAAAAA Date style border bottom 1px solid AAAAAA Teams style border bottom 1px solid AAAAAA align center Result style border bottom 1px solid AAAAAA Competition 1 6 September 2003 Fb ROU vs Fb LUX align center 4 0 Euro 2004 qualifying Group 2 UEFA Euro 2004 Qual. See also List of football stadiums in Romania External links http www.fcastraploiesti.ro stadion The stadium on Astra Ploie ti official website FC Astra Ploie ti Liga I venues Football venues in Romania Portal Romanian football DEFAULTSORT Astra, Stadionul Category Football venues in Romania Category Ploie ti Romania sports venue stub de Astra Stadion es Stadionul Astra ro Stadionul Astra ...   more details



  1. Astra 1K

    Astra 1K was a communications satellite manufactured by Alcatel Space for SES S.A. SES . When it was launched on November 25, 2002 it was the largest civilian communications satellite ever launched, weighing convert 5250 kg lb abbr on . ref cite web url http www.astronautix.com lvs proton.htm 2002 053 title Proton 8K82K 11S861 01 publisher Encyclopedia Astronautica ref Intended to replace the ailing Astra 1B satellite and provide backup for Astra 1A 1A , Astra 1C 1C and Astra 1D 1D at the Astra 19.2 E orbital position ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date February 11, 1998 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 1998 4426838 title ASTRA 1K UNDER PROCUREMENT WITH A ROSPATIALE accessdate January 26, 2012 ref , the Block D Block DM 3 upper stage of the Proton rocket Proton launch vehicle failed to function properly, leaving the satellite in an unusable parking orbit. Although some attempts were made to rescue the satellite ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date November 28, 2002 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2002 4436301 title ASTRA 1K satellite stabilised accessdate January .... Astra 1K also featured multiple Ka band Ka Band capabilities, originally intended to provide an upload ... publisher SES ASTRA date December 15, 1998 url http www.ses astra.com business en news events ... A replacement craft, Astra 1KR was successfully launched in 2006. ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date April 21, 2006 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2006 4429012 title ASTRA 1KR SATELLITE SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHED accessdate January 26, 2012 ref See also SES S.A. SES Astra satellites Astra Astra 19.2 E Astra 1A Astra 1B Astra 1C Astra 1KR References Reflist External links http space.skyrocket.de doc sdat astra 1k.htm Astra 1K, G nter s Space page http www1.alcatel lucent.com space pdf telecom astra1kgb.pdf Alcatel Astra 1K Spacecraft Dead link date May 2010 http www.astra2connect.com ASTRA2Connect website SES Astra Orbital launches in 2002 DEFAULTSORT Astra 1k Category Spacebus ...   more details



  1. Astra Mining

    Infobox company company name Astra Resources, PTY, LTD company logo File Astra Mining Logo.gif company type location Adelaide , Australia key people Jaydeep Biswas, CEO Silvana De Cianni Managing Director industry Mining products Coal , Iron Ore , Gold homepage http www.astramining.com Astra Resources PTY, LTD Frankfurt Stock Exchange FWB http www.bloomberg.com apps quote?ticker 9AR GR 9AR is an Australian ref http www2.search.asic.gov.au cgi bin gns030c?acn 149 756 838&juris 9&hdtext ACN&srchsrc 1 ref mining company, the parent of Astra Mining, whose primary focus is to satisfy the expanding resource demands of the world s largest urbanizing nations, ref cite web author klaus kä stle url http www.nationsonline.org oneworld bigcities.htm title The Most Populated Cities of the World. World ... and India . Astra secures the supply chain of the raw materials related to the steel industry, including iron ore , coal , gold and other raw materials. Operations Astra Resources currently operates ... , ref cite web url http www.astramining.com projects iron ore title Astra Resources PLC Mining Raw ... in Hungary ref http www.keafundscorporate.com pdf Astra Mining Research Report.pdf ref T Steel Astra ... investor 214903 astra mining becomes major Subsidiaries Astra Resources is the parent company of Astra Mining, Astra Steelworks, and Astra Capricorn Investments, as well as the parent of an additional ... on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange On 17 June 2011 Astra Resources Shareholders agreed to list the company on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange . ref cite web url http www.commodityonline.com news Astra mining confirms Frankfurt Stock Exchange listing 2011 06 17 40051 3 1.html title Astra mining confirms ... opening at 1.50. ref cite web url http www.miningweekly.com article company announcement astra resorces list on frankfurt stock exchange 2011 09 30 title Company Announcement Astra Resorces ... Astra Mining s symbol is FWB 9AR References cleanup link rot date November 2011 Reflist External links ...   more details



  1. Astra 3B

    Infobox spacecraft Name Astra 3B Launch Date May 21, 2010 Launch Mass convert 5472 kg Manufacturer EADS ... 52 dBW Expendable Energy 10 kW Longitude 23.5 East Astra 3B is one of the Astra satellites Astra communications satellite s owned and operated by SES S.A. SES , launched in 2010 to the Astra 23.5 E ... in the Middle East. ref SES Astra ASTRA 3B Middle East spot beam . February, 2009 . Company factsheet ref Astra 3B was finally launched in May 2010 ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date May 22, 2010 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2010 4488421 title ASTRA 3B SATELLITE SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHED ... following Ariane 5 s launch postponement accessdate January 26, 2012 ref Astra 3B became commercially ... East. In January 2011 Astra announced that Bulgarian DTH operator Satellite BG would launch a package ... 1, using three transponders on Astra 3B to reach TV homes across Bulgaria. ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date January 17, 2011 url http www.ses astra.com business uk news events news latest index.php?pressRelease pressReleases pressReleaseList 11 01 17 index.php title SES ASTRA EXPANDS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE AND ENTERS THE BULGARIAN MARKET ref The deployment of Astra 3B helped to optimize the spectrum use at 23.5 east and enabled SES to release the Astra 1E and Astra 1G satellites previously at Astra 23.5 E for use at other orbital positions. ref cite press release publisher SES ASTRA date June 16, 2010 url http www.ses.com 4233325 news 2010 4488898 title ASTRA 3B SATELLITE NOW OPERATIONAL accessdate January 26, 2012 ref See also Astra 23.5 E orbital position Astra 3A co located satellite Thor satellite Thor 2 co located satellite SES S.A. SES satellite operator Astra satellites Astra satellite family ASTRA2Connect two way satellite broadband References Reflist External links http www.onastra.com how to receive astra index.php SES guide to receiving Astra satellites http www.onastra.com channel guide index.php SES guide to channels broadcasting on Astra satellites ...   more details



  1. Primovula astra

    Orphan date January 2011 Italic title Taxobox name Primovula astra image image caption regnum Animal ia phylum Mollusca classis Gastropoda unranked superfamilia clade Caenogastropoda br clade Hypsogastropoda br clade Littorinimorpha superfamilia Cypraeoidea familia Ovulidae subfamilia Prionovolvinae genus Primovula subgenus species P. astra binomial Primovula astra binomial authority Omi & Iino, 2005 ref WRMS source 129135 Omi & Iino. 2005. Venus Tokyo 64 3 4 141 149 5 June 2010 ref synonyms ref synonyms Primovula astra is a species of sea snail , a marine gastropod mollusk in the family biology family Ovulidae , the ovulids, cowry allies or false cowries. ref name WoRMS WRMS species 389560 Primovula astra Omi & Iino, 2005 WoRMS 2010 . Primovula astra Omi & Iino, 2005. Accessed through World Register of Marine Species at nowiki http www.marinespecies.org aphia.php?p taxdetails&id 389560 nowiki on 5 June 2010 ref Description Empty section date June 2010 Distribution Empty section date June 2010 References reflist External links Use dmy dates date January 2011 DEFAULTSORT Primovula Astra Category Ovulidae Ovulidae stub vi Primovula astra ...   more details



  1. Astra 600

    Infobox Weapon name Astra 600 image Image Astra 600 1525.jpg 300px caption Right Side View origin flag Spain 1938 type Semi Automatic Pistol Type selection is ranged yes Service history service 1943 1945 used by See Astra 600 Users Users wars World War II WWII Production history designer design date manufacturer Astra Unceta y Cia SA production date 1943 1950s number Approx. 60,000 variants Astra 400 Model 400 General specifications weight 2.4lbs 1080g length 8.07 205mm part length Barrel 5.31 135mm crew Ranged weapon specifications cartridge 9x19mm Parabellum action Blowback arms Blowback operated rate velocity range max range feed 8 round Magazine firearms box magazine sights Fixed iron sight s History The Astra 600 was a shortened version of the Astra 400 in 9x19mm Parabellum . The gun was made in Spain for Germany during World War II , and about 60,000 pistols were made, although only the first 10,500 were delivered before the liberation of France cut off the supply lines between Spain and Germany. The remaining pistols were primarily sold after the war to West Germany for police use, with a smaller number being purchased by the Portuguese Navy . The gun was rugged and of high quality and accuracy, but the blowback operation of the gun gave a snappy, distinct recoil, despite the heavy weight. Because of its ruggedness and weight, it was in some countries nicknamed the pipewrench. Users flag Nazi Germany flag West Germany Police flag Portugal Portuguese Navy Navy flag Spain 1938 References http world.guns.ru handguns hg78 e.htm Modern Firearms http www.carbinesforcollectors.com astra1.html Carbines for Collectors Category Semi automatic pistols Category Spanish semi automatic pistols Category 9mm Parabellum firearms de Astra 600 fr Astra mod.600 pl Pistolet Astra 600 ru Astra 600 ...   more details



  1. SES Astra

    cleanup date December 2011 Infobox Company company name SES Astra company logo File Astra logo.svg 150px ... income profit Euro ? billion 2006 num employees 292 2010 parent SES S.A. SES subsid SES ASTRA TechCom br ASTRA Platform Services br ASTRA Broadband Services homepage http www.ses astra.com SES ASTRA foot notes SES Astra SA was a corporation corporate subsidiary of SES S.A. SES , based in Betzdorf, Luxembourg Betzdorf , in eastern Luxembourg , that maintained and operated the Astra satellite Astra series of geostationary orbit geostationary communication satellite s between 2001 and 2011 ... in 2006 , the portion of the company responsible for the Astra satellites became a subsidiary named SES Astra. In September 2011, SES Astra and sister subsidiary SES World Skies were merged back into SES S.A. for the company to operate with a single management system, and subsidiaries of SES Astra, such as HD HD Plus and ASTRA2Connect ASTRA Broadband Services became direct subsidiaries of SES. The brand name, Astra , representing the satellite family and the broadcasting system continues to be used and, although the corporate website www.ses astra.com was closed when SES Astra was consolidated ... A book, High Above book High Above , telling the story of the creation and development of Astra, SES, and SES Astra, and the history of recent developments of the European TV and media industry, along ... 2010 to mark the 25th Anniversary of SES. Broadcasting statistics At the end of 2011, Astra ... households in Astra services via a direct to home satellite dish dish . Another 67.8 million households received Astra services via a cable headend , and 9.8 million households received Astra services .... Sixteen million households watched high definition TV channels via Astra satellites. ref name satmon http www.ses astra.com business en support market research index.php ASTRA Satellite Monitor research ref Broadcasting Developments SES Astra was involved in the introduction of digital TV , HDTV ...   more details




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