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Yolande of Brittany

Chateau de Bouteville, Charente, where Yolande died in 1272

Yolande de Dreux, Countess of Penthi vre and of Porhoet (late 1218 10 October 1272) was a French noblewoman and a suo jure countess. By her marriage to Hugh XI of Lusignan, the eldest uterine half-brother of King Henry III of England, she became Countess of La Marche and of Angoul me. She was the mother of seven children. From 1250 to 1256, she acted as Regent of La Marche and Angoul me for her son, Hugh XII of Lusignan.[1]

Yolande was betrothed to King Henry III of England in 1226 at the age of seven years.[2]

Contents


Family

Yolande was born in Dreux, France at the end of 1218,[3] the only daughter of Peter I, Duke of Brittany and Alix of Thouars, Duchess of Brittany. She had two brothers, John I, Duke of Brittany and Arthur of Brittany (1220 1224). By her father's second marriage to Nicole, she had a half-brother, Olivier de Braine (1231 1279). Her mother had died on 21 October 1221, when Yolande was not quite three years old. Yolande's paternal grandparents were Robert II, Count of Dreux and Yolande de Coucy, and her maternal grandparents were Guy de Thouars and Constance, Duchess of Brittany.

In 1236, Yolande received as her dowry, the titles of Countess of Penthi vre, Dame de la F re-en-Tardenois, de Chailly, and de Longjumeau which she held suo jure. Her brother John I, Duke of Brittany granted her the title of suo jure Countess of Porhoet.[3]

Betrothals, marriage and issue

Sometime before 19 October 1226, when she was seven years old, Yolande was betrothed to King Henry III of England. A letter of the King dated 19 October 1226 confirms his betrothal to Jolentam filiam Petri ducis Brittanniae et comitis Richemundiae[3] The marriage never took place, and King Henry eventually married Eleanor of Provence. Yolande's second betrothal occurred in March 1227 to John of France, Count of Anjou, the son of King Louis VIII of France. The engagement was broken off when John died aged thirteen and she was affianced thirdly in 1231 to Theobald IV, Count of Champagne. As in the case with King Henry and John of France, this betrothal to Theobald did not result in marriage. His daughter Blanche however married her brother John in 1236. Yolande was more fortunate in her fourth betrothal, and in January 1236 she married Hugh XI of Lusignan who would succeed his father in 1249 as Count of La Marche and Count of Angoul me. His uterine half-brother was King Henry III of England to whom Yolande had been betrothed in 1226.

Together Hugh and Yolande had seven children:

  • Hugh XII of Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Count of Angoul me (died after 25 August 1270), married 29 January 1254 Jeanne de Foug res, Dame de Foug res by whom he had six children. He died while on crusade.
  • Guy of Lusignan, (died 1288/89), Seigneur de Cognac, d'Archiac, and de Couh ; Seigneur de la F re-en-Tardenois.
  • Geoffroy of Lusignan (died 1264)
  • Alice of Lusignan (died May 1290), married in 1253 as his first wife, Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester, by whom she had two daughters.
  • Marie of Lusignan (1242- after 11 July 1266), married Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby. She died childless.
  • Isabelle of Lusignan, Dame de Belleville (1248 1304), married Maurice de Belleville
  • Yolande of Lusignan (died 10 November 1305), married Pierre I, Sire de Preaux

Her husband Hugh was killed at the Battle of Faruskur in Egypt on 6 April 1250. Yolande acted as Regent of La Marche and Angoul me for her eldest son Hugh from 1250 to 1256.

Yolande died at the Chateau de Bouteville, Charente on 10 October 1272. She was buried at the Notre Dame Abbey in Villeneuve-lez-Nantes.

Ancestry

References

Sources

  • Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Angoul me, La Marche, P rigord
  • Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Brittany

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