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Voiceless retroflex sibilant
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Voiceless retroflex sibilant

The voiceless retroflex sibilant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is . Like all the retroflex consonants, the IPA letter is formed by adding a rightward-pointing hook to the bottom of the ess (the letter used for the corresponding alveolar consonant). A distinction can be made between laminal, apical, and sub-apical articulations. Only one language Toda, appears to have more than one voiceless retroflex sibilant, and it distinguishes subapical palatal from apical postalveolar retroflex sibilants; that is, both the tongue articulation and the place of contact on the roof of the mouth are different.

Contents


Features

Features of the voiceless retroflex fricative:

Occurrence

In the following transcriptions, diacritics may be used to distinguish between apical and laminal .

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz 'day' See Abkhaz phonology
Adyghe 'girl'
Chinese Mandarin 'stone' See Mandarin phonology
Faroese 'eighty'
Malayalam 'scarce'
Norwegian 'gathering' See Norwegian phonology
Pashto southern dialect 'to show'
Polish[1] 'rustle' See Polish phonology
Russian[1] 'fool' See Russian phonology
Sicilian 'street'
Slovak[2] 'kerchief'
Swedish 'rapids' See Swedish phonology
Telugu 'person who wishes'
Toda[3] (clan name)
Torwali[4] ? 'thin rope'
Ubykh 'head' See Ubykh phonology
Vietnamese Southern dialects[5] 'milk' See Vietnamese phonology
Yi 'gold'
Zapotec Tilquiapan[6] Allophone of before and

See also

References

Bibliography

bn: br:Kensonenn tro-gil dre daravat divouezh cs:Nezn l retroflexn frikativa de:Stimmloser retroflexer Frikativ fr:Consonne fricative r troflexe sourde ko: hi: hu:Retroflex, z ng tlen r shang ms:Geseran gelungan tak bersuara nl:Stemloze retroflexe fricatief ja: pl:Sp g oska szczelinowa z retrofleksj bezd wi czna sv:Tonl s retroflex frikativa uk: zh:






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