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United States Secretary of the Interior

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior.

The US Department of the Interior should not be confused with the concept of Ministries of the Interior as used in other countries. Ministries of the Interior correspond primarily to the Department of Homeland Security in the US cabinet and secondarily to the Department of Justice.

The Department of the Interior oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet.

Because the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the western United States,[1] the Secretary of the Interior has typically come from a western state; only one of the individuals to hold the office since 1949 is not identified with a state lying west of the Mississippi River. The Secretary of the Interior is eighth in the United States presidential line of succession.

The current Secretary of the Interior in Barack Obama's administration is former Senator Ken Salazar of Colorado.

Contents


Secretaries of the Interior

Parties

Status

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1
Thomas Ewing Ohio March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
2
Thomas M. T. McKennan Pennsylvania August 15, 1850 August 26, 1850
3
Alexander H. H. Stuart Virginia September 14, 1850 March 7, 1853
75px Robert McClelland Michigan March 8, 1853 March 9, 1857 Franklin Pierce
Jacob Thompson Mississippi March 10, 1857 January 8, 1861 James Buchanan
Caleb Blood Smith Indiana March 5, 1861 December 31, 1862 Abraham Lincoln
John Palmer Usher Indiana January 1, 1863 May 15, 1865
Andrew Johnson
James Harlan Iowa May 16, 1865 August 31, 1866
Orville Hickman Browning Illinois September 1, 1866 March 4, 1869
Jacob Dolson Cox Ohio March 5, 1869 October 31, 1870 Ulysses S. Grant
Columbus Delano Ohio November 1, 1870 September 30, 1875
Zachariah Chandler Michigan October 19, 1875 March 11, 1877
Carl Schurz Missouri March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
Samuel J. Kirkwood Iowa March 8, 1881 April 17, 1882 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
Henry M. Teller Colorado April 18, 1882 March 3, 1885
Lucius Q. C. Lamar Mississippi March 6, 1885 January 10, 1888 Grover Cleveland
William Freeman Vilas Wisconsin January 16, 1888 March 6, 1889
John Willock Noble Missouri March 7, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
M. Hoke Smith Georgia March 6, 1893 September 1, 1896 Grover Cleveland
David R. Francis Missouri September 3, 1896 March 5, 1897
Cornelius Newton Bliss New York March 6, 1897 February 19, 1899 William McKinley
Ethan A. Hitchcock Alabama February 20, 1899 March 4, 1907
Theodore Roosevelt
James Rudolph Garfield Ohio March 5, 1907 March 5, 1909
Richard Achilles Ballinger Washington March 6, 1909 March 12, 1911 William Howard Taft
Walter L. Fisher West Virginia March 13, 1911 March 5, 1913
Franklin Knight Lane California March 6, 1913 February 29, 1920 Woodrow Wilson
Alexander T. Vogelsang California February 29, 1920 March 13, 1920
John Barton Payne Illinois March 15, 1920 March 4, 1921
Albert B. Fall New Mexico March 5, 1921 March 4, 1923 Warren G. Harding
Hubert Work Colorado March 5, 1923 July 24, 1928
Calvin Coolidge
Roy Owen West Illinois July 25, 1928 March 4, 1929
Ray Lyman Wilbur California March 5, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
Harold L. Ickes Illinois March 4, 1933 February 15, 1946 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Oscar L. Chapman Colorado February 15, 1946 March 18, 1946
Julius Albert Krug Wisconsin March 18, 1946 December 1, 1949
Oscar L. Chapman Colorado December 1, 1949 January 20, 1953
Douglas McKay Oregon January 21, 1953 April 15, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Clarence A. Davis Nebraska April 15, 1956 June 8, 1956
Fred Andrew Seaton Nebraska June 8, 1956 January 20, 1961
Stewart Udall Arizona January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Walter J. Hickel Alaska January 24, 1969 November 25, 1970 Richard Nixon
Fred J. Russell California November 25, 1970 January 29, 1971
Rogers Morton Maryland January 29, 1971 April 30, 1975
Gerald Ford
D. Kent Frizzell Kansas April 30, 1975 June 12, 1975
Stanley K. Hathaway Wyoming June 12, 1975 October 9, 1975
D. Kent Frizzell Kansas October 9, 1975 October 17, 1975
Thomas S. Kleppe North Dakota October 17, 1975 January 20, 1977
Alfred G. Albert January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977 Jimmy Carter
Cecil D. Andrus Idaho January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981
James G. Watt Wyoming January 23, 1981 November 8, 1983 Ronald Reagan
J. J. Simonds III New Jersey November 8, 1983 November 18, 1983
William P. Clark, Jr. California November 18, 1983 February 7, 1985
Donald P. Hodel Oregon February 8, 1985 January 20, 1989
Earl E. Gjelde Virginia January 20, 1989 February 3, 1989 George H. W. Bush
Manuel Lujan, Jr. New Mexico February 3, 1989 January 20, 1993
Bruce Babbitt Arizona January 22, 1993 January 2, 2001 Bill Clinton
Thomas N. Slonaker Arizona January 2, 2001 January 31, 2001
George W. Bush
Gale Ann Norton Colorado January 31, 2001 March 31, 2006
Lynn Scarlett California April 1, 2006 May 26, 2006
Dirk Kempthorne Idaho May 29, 2006 January 19, 2009
Lynn Scarlett California January 19, 2009 January 21, 2009
Barack Obama
75px Ken Salazar Colorado January 21, 2009 Incumbent

Living former Secretaries of the Interior

, eight former Secretaries of the Interior are alive. The most recent secretary to die was Walter Hickel (1969 1970), on 7 May 2010.

Name Term of office Date of birth
Cecil Andrus 1977 1981
James G. Watt 1981 1983
William P. Clark 1983 1985
Donald Hodel 1985 1989
Manuel Lujan 1989 1993
Bruce Babbitt 1993 2001
Gale Norton 2001 2006
Dirk Kempthorne 2006 2009

See also

References

  1. Salazar, Vilsack: The West s New Land Lords

External links

de:US-Innenministerium es:Secretario del Interior de los Estados Unidos eo:Usona Ministro pri Enlandaj Aferoj fr:Secr taire l'Int rieur des tats-Unis id:Menteri Dalam Negeri Amerika Serikat it:Segretario degli Interni degli Stati Uniti nds:Bunnsministerium f r'd Innere no:USAs indreminister ja: pl:Sekretarze Zasob w Wewn trznych Stan w Zjednoczonych ru: sv:Lista ver USA:s inrikesministrar






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