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United States District Court for the District of Columbia
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United States District Court for the District of Columbia

The United States District Court for the District of Columbia (in case citations, D.D.C.) is a federal district court. Appeals from the District are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

Contents


History

E. Barrett Prettyman Federal Courthouse]]

The court was established by Congress in 1863 as the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, replacing the abolished circuit and district courts of the District of Columbia that had been in place since 1801. The court consisted of four justices, including a chief justice, and was granted the same powers and jurisdiction as the earlier circuit court. Any of the justices could convene a United States circuit court or a local criminal court. In 1936, Congress renamed the court the District Court for the District of Columbia. Its current name was adopted in 1948, and from then on justices were known as judges.

Originally housed in the former District of Columbia City Hall, the court now sits in the E. Barrett Prettyman Federal Courthouse located at 333 Constitution Avenue, Northwest, Washington, D.C. The District has no local district attorney or equivalent, and so local prosecutorial matters also fall into the jurisdiction of the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia. Assistant United States Attorneys (AUSAs) are tasked with prosecution of not only federal crimes but also crimes that would normally be left to the state prosecutor's discretion. Because of this the District has the largest U.S. Attorney's Office in the nation, with around 250 AUSAs.

Current judges

  • As of November 8, 2011, a vacancy exists when judge Henry H. Kennedy Jr. assumed senior status. No replacement nomination is currently pending.

Former judges

Judge Appointed by Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
End reason
David Kellogg Cartter Abraham Lincoln death
George P. Fisher Abraham Lincoln resignation
Abram B. Olin Abraham Lincoln retirement
Andrew Wylie Abraham Lincoln [1] retirement
David Campbell Humphreys Ulysses Grant death
Arthur MacArthur, Sr. Ulysses Grant retirement
Alexander Burton Hagner Rutherford B. Hayes retirement
Walter Smith Cox Rutherford B. Hayes retirement
William Matthew Merrick Grover Cleveland [2] death
Martin V. Montgomery Grover Cleveland [3] resignation
Edward Franklin Bingham Grover Cleveland [4] retirement
Andrew Coyle Bradley Benjamin Harrison death
Louis E. McComas Benjamin Harrison [5] resignation
Charles Cleaves Cole Benjamin Harrison resignation
Harry M. Clabaugh William McKinley reappointment
Job Barnard William McKinley [6] retirement
Thomas H. Anderson William McKinley [7] death
Ashley Mulgrave Gould Theodore Roosevelt death
Harry M. Clabaugh Theodore Roosevelt [8] death
Jeter Connelly Pritchard Theodore Roosevelt reappointment
Daniel Thew Wright Theodore Roosevelt resignation
Wendell Phillips Stafford Theodore Roosevelt [9] retirement
James Harry Covington Woodrow Wilson resignation
Walter I. McCoy Woodrow Wilson reappointment
Frederick Lincoln Siddons Woodrow Wilson death
William Hitz Woodrow Wilson [10] reappointment
Thomas Jennings Bailey Woodrow Wilson death
Walter I. McCoy Woodrow Wilson retirement
Adolph A. Hoehling, Jr. Warren G. Harding resignation
Peyton Gordon Calvin Coolidge death
Alfred Adams Wheat Herbert Hoover reappointment
Alfred Adams Wheat Herbert Hoover death
Jesse Corcoran Adkins Herbert Hoover death
Oscar Raymond Luhring Herbert Hoover death
Joseph Winston Cox Herbert Hoover death
James McPherson Proctor Herbert Hoover reappointment
F. Dickinson Letts Herbert Hoover [11] death
Daniel William O'Donoghue Herbert Hoover [12] death
Bolitha James Laws Franklin D. Roosevelt reappointment
Thomas Alan Goldsborough Franklin D. Roosevelt death
James Ward Morris Franklin D. Roosevelt death
David Andrew Pine Franklin D. Roosevelt death
Matthew Francis McGuire Franklin D. Roosevelt death
Edward C. Eicher Franklin D. Roosevelt death
Henry Albert Schweinhaut Franklin D. Roosevelt death
Bolitha James Laws Franklin D. Roosevelt reappointment
Alexander Holtzoff Harry S. Truman death
Richmond Bowling Keech Harry S. Truman [13] death
Edward Matthew Curran Harry S. Truman [14] death
Edward Allen Tamm Harry S. Truman [15] reappointment
Charles F. McLaughlin Harry S. Truman [16] death
James Robert Kirkland Harry S. Truman [17] death
Burnita Shelton Matthews Harry S. Truman [18] death
Walter Maximillian Bastian Harry S. Truman [19] reappointment
Luther Youngdahl Harry S. Truman death
Joseph Charles McGarraghy Dwight D. Eisenhower death
John Sirica Dwight D. Eisenhower death
George Luzerne Hart, Jr. Dwight D. Eisenhower [20] death
Leonard Patrick Walsh Dwight D. Eisenhower death
William Blakely Jones John F. Kennedy death
Spottswood William Robinson III Lyndon B. Johnson [21] reappointment
Howard Francis Corcoran Lyndon B. Johnson death
William Benson Bryant Lyndon B. Johnson death
Oliver Gasch Lyndon B. Johnson death
Aubrey Eugene Robinson Jr. Lyndon B. Johnson death
John Lewis Smith Jr. Lyndon B. Johnson death
Joseph Cornelius Waddy Lyndon B. Johnson death
Gerhard Alden Gesell Lyndon B. Johnson death
June Lazenby Green Lyndon B. Johnson death
John H. Pratt Lyndon B. Johnson death
Barrington D. Parker Richard Nixon death
Charles Robert Richey Richard Nixon death
Thomas Aquinas Flannery Richard Nixon death
Harold H. Greene Jimmy Carter death
John Garrett Penn Jimmy Carter death
Norma Holloway Johnson Jimmy Carter retirement
Thomas Penfield Jackson Ronald Reagan retirement
Stanley S. Harris Ronald Reagan retirement
George Hughes Revercomb Ronald Reagan death
Stanley Sporkin Ronald Reagan retirement
Michael Boudin George H. W. Bush resignation
James Robertson Bill Clinton retirement

See also

Notes

External links

no:U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia






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