Search: in
United States Attorney General
United States Attorney General in Encyclopedia Encyclopedia
  Tutorials     Encyclopedia     Videos     Books     Software     DVDs  
       





United States Attorney General

The United States Attorney General (AG) is the head of the United States Department of Justice (see ) concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. The attorney general is considered to be the chief lawyer of the U.S. government. The attorney general serves as a member of the president's cabinet, and is one of only two cabinet department heads who are not given the title secretary, besides the now independent postmaster general.

The attorney general is nominated by the President of the United States and takes office after confirmation by the United States Senate. He or she serves at the pleasure of the president and can be removed by the president at any time; the attorney general is also subject to impeachment by the House of Representatives and trial in the Senate for "treason, bribery, and other high crimes and misdemeanors."

The office of Attorney General was established by Congress by the Judiciary Act of 1789. The original duties of this officer were "to prosecute and conduct all suits in the Supreme Court in which the United States shall be concerned, and to give his advice and opinion upon questions of law when required by the president of the United States, or when requested by the heads of any of the departments."[1] Only in 1870 was the Department of Justice established to support the attorney general in the discharge of his responsibilities.

The current attorney general, Eric Holder,[2] was confirmed to office by the Senate on February 2, 2009, and sworn into office on February 3, 2009.[3] Holder is the 82nd United States Attorney General and the first African-American to hold the position.

Contents


List of attorneys general

Parties

Status

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
Edmund Randolph Virginia September 26, 1789 January 26, 1794 George Washington
2
William Bradford Pennsylvania January 27, 1794 August 23, 1795
Charles Lee Virginia December 10, 1795 February 19, 1801
John Adams
Levi Lincoln, Sr. Massachusetts March 5, 1801 March 2, 1805 Thomas Jefferson
John Breckinridge Kentucky August 7, 1805 December 14, 1806
Caesar A. Rodney Delaware January 20, 1807 December 10, 1811
James Madison
William Pinkney Maryland December 11, 1811 February 9, 1814
Richard Rush Pennsylvania February 10, 1814 November 12, 1817
William Wirt Virginia November 13, 1817 March 4, 1829 James Monroe
John Quincy Adams
John M. Berrien Georgia March 9, 1829 July 19, 1831 Andrew Jackson
Roger B. Taney Maryland July 20, 1831 November 14, 1833
Benjamin Franklin Butler New York November 15, 1833 July 4, 1838
Martin Van Buren
Felix Grundy Tennessee July 5, 1838 January 10, 1840
Henry D. Gilpin Pennsylvania January 11, 1840 March 4, 1841
15
John J. Crittenden Kentucky March 5, 1841 September 12, 1841 William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
Hugh Swinton Legar South Carolina September 13, 1841 June 30, 1843
17
John Nelson Maryland July 1, 1843 March 4, 1845
John Y. Mason Virginia March 5, 1845 October 16, 1846 James K. Polk
Nathan Clifford Maine October 17, 1846 March 17, 1848
Isaac Toucey Connecticut June 21, 1848 March 4, 1849
21
Reverdy Johnson Maryland March 8, 1849 July 21, 1850 Zachary Taylor
22
John J. Crittenden Kentucky July 22, 1850 March 4, 1853 Millard Fillmore
Caleb Cushing Massachusetts March 7, 1853 March 4, 1857 Franklin Pierce
Jeremiah S. Black Pennsylvania March 6, 1857 December 16, 1860 James Buchanan
Edwin M. Stanton Ohio December 20, 1860 March 4, 1861
Edward Bates Missouri March 5, 1861 November 24, 1864 Abraham Lincoln
James Speed Kentucky December 2, 1864 July 22, 1866
Andrew Johnson
Henry Stanbery Ohio July 23, 1866 July 16, 1868
William M. Evarts New York July 17, 1868 March 4, 1869
Ebenezer R. Hoar Massachusetts March 5, 1869 November 22, 1870 Ulysses S. Grant
Amos T. Akerman Georgia November 23, 1870 December 13, 1871
George Henry Williams Oregon December 14, 1871 April 25, 1875
Edwards Pierrepont New York April 26, 1875 May 21, 1876
Alphonso Taft Ohio May 22, 1876 March 4, 1877
Charles Devens Massachusetts March 12, 1877 March 4, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
Wayne MacVeagh Pennsylvania March 5, 1881 December 15, 1881 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
Benjamin H. Brewster Pennsylvania December 16, 1881 March 4, 1885
Augustus H. Garland Arkansas March 6, 1885 March 4, 1889 Grover Cleveland
William H. H. Miller Indiana March 7, 1889 March 4, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
Richard Olney Massachusetts March 6, 1893 April 7, 1895 Grover Cleveland
Judson Harmon Ohio April 8, 1895 March 4, 1897
Joseph McKenna California March 5, 1897 January 25, 1898 William McKinley
John W. Griggs New Jersey January 25, 1898 March 29, 1901
Philander C. Knox Pennsylvania April 5, 1901 June 30, 1904
Theodore Roosevelt
William H. Moody Massachusetts July 1, 1904 December 17, 1906
Charles J. Bonaparte Maryland December 17, 1906 March 4, 1909
George W. Wickersham New York March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 William Howard Taft
James C. McReynolds New York March 5, 1913 August 29, 1914 Woodrow Wilson
Thomas Watt Gregory Texas August 29, 1914 March 4, 1919
Alexander Mitchell Palmer Pennsylvania March 5, 1919 March 4, 1921
Harry M. Daugherty Ohio March 4, 1921 April 6, 1924 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Harlan F. Stone New York April 7, 1924 March 1, 1925
John G. Sargent Vermont March 7, 1925 March 4, 1929
William D. Mitchell Minnesota March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
Homer Stille Cummings Connecticut March 4, 1933 January 1, 1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Frank Murphy Michigan January 2, 1939 January 18, 1940
Robert H. Jackson New York January 18, 1940 August 25, 1941
Francis Biddle Pennsylvania August 26, 1941 June 26, 1945
Harry S. Truman
Tom C. Clark Texas June 27, 1945 July 26, 1949
74px J. Howard McGrath Rhode Island July 27, 1949 April 3, 1952
James P. McGranery Pennsylvania April 4, 1952 January 20, 1953
Herbert Brownell, Jr. New York January 21, 1953 October 23, 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower
William P. Rogers New York October 23, 1957 January 20, 1961
Robert F. Kennedy Massachusetts, New York January 20, 1961 September 3, 1964 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Nicholas Katzenbach New Jersey September 4, 1964 January 28, 1965
January 28, 1965 November 28, 1966
Ramsey Clark Texas November 28, 1966 March 10, 1967
March 10, 1967 January 20, 1969
John N. Mitchell New York January 20, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
Richard Kleindienst Arizona February 15, 1972 May 25, 1973
Elliot Richardson Massachusetts May 25, 1973 October 20, 1973
Robert Bork Connecticut October 20, 1973 December 17, 1973
William B. Saxbe Ohio December 17, 1973 January 14, 1975
Gerald Ford
75px Edward H. Levi Illinois January 14, 1975 January 20, 1977
Richard L. Thornburgh Pennsylvania January 20, 1977 January 26, 1977 Jimmy Carter
Griffin Bell Georgia January 26, 1977 August 16, 1979
75px Benjamin Civiletti Maryland August 16, 1979 January 19, 1981
William French Smith California January 23, 1981 February 25, 1985 Ronald Reagan
Edwin Meese California February 25, 1985 August 12, 1988
Richard L. Thornburgh Pennsylvania August 12, 1988 August 15, 1991
George H. W. Bush
William P. Barr New York August 16, 1991 November 26, 1991
November 26, 1991 January 20, 1993
Stuart M. Gerson Washington, D.C. January 20, 1993 March 12, 1993 Bill Clinton
Janet Reno Florida March 12, 1993 January 20, 2001
Eric Holder Washington, D.C. January 20, 2001 February 2, 2001 George W. Bush
John Ashcroft Missouri February 2, 2001 February 3, 2005
Alberto Gonzales Texas February 3, 2005 September 17, 2007
Paul Clement Washington, D.C. September 17, 2007 September 18, 2007
Peter Keisler Washington, D.C. September 18, 2007 November 9, 2007
Michael Mukasey New York November 9, 2007 January 20, 2009
Mark Filip Illinois January 20, 2009 February 3, 2009 Barack Obama
75px Eric Holder Washington, D.C. February 3, 2009 Incumbent

Acting attorneys general

Image:Bork2.jpg|Robert Bork Image:Paul D. Clement.jpg|Paul Clement Image:Peterkeisler.jpg|Peter Keisler Image:Mark Filip.jpg|Mark Filip Nicholas Katzenbach (1964 1965), Ramsey Clark (1966 1967) and William P. Barr (1991) served as acting attorney general in their capacity as deputy attorney general, until their own appointment as attorney general.

Richard L. Thornburgh (1977) and Eric Holder (2001) served as acting attorney general in their capacity as deputy attorney general, until the appointment of a new attorney general. Both subsequently served as attorney general, Thornburgh 1988 1991 and Holder 2009 to date.

On October 20, 1973 Solicitor General Robert Bork was instrumental in the "Saturday Night Massacre", U.S. President Richard Nixon's firing of Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, following Cox's request for tapes of his Oval Office conversations. Nixon initially ordered U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson, to fire Cox. Richardson resigned rather than carry out the order. Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus considered the order "fundamentally wrong"[4] and also resigned, making Bork the acting attorney general. When Nixon reiterated his order, Bork complied and fired Cox. He remained acting attorney general until the appointment of William B. Saxbe on December 17, 1973.

Assistant Attorney General for the DOJ Civil Division Stuart M. Gerson was acting attorney general from January 20, 1993 to March 12, 1993.[5][6] Gerson was fourth in the line of succession at the Justice Department (other senior DOJ officials had already resigned).[7] During his time as Acting AG, Gerson supported the Brady bill[6] and was in office in the beginnings of the Waco siege.[8] Janet Reno, President Clinton's nominee for attorney general, was confirmed on March 12,[9] and he resigned the same day.[9] Acting Attorney General Gerson's last day at the Justice Department was March 19.[8]

On August 27, 2007, President Bush named Solicitor General Paul Clement as the future acting attorney general, to take office upon the resignation of Alberto Gonzales, effective September 17, 2007.[10] According to administration officials, Clement took that office at 12:01 am September 17, 2007, and left office 24 hours later.[11] On September 17, President Bush announced that Assistant Attorney General for the DOJ Civil Division Peter Keisler would become acting attorney general, pending a permanent appointment of a presidential nominee.[12][13] Keisler served as acting attorney general until the nomination of Michael Mukasey on November 9, 2007.

Deputy Attorney General Mark Filip was asked to assume the position of acting attorney general by then President-elect Obama.[14] Filip led the Department while President Obama's nominee, then Attorney-General Designate Eric Holder, awaited confirmation by the United States Senate.[15][16] Holder was confirmed on February 2, 2009,[17] and sworn in the next day[2] thus ending Filip's tenure as the acting attorney general.

Living former attorneys general

See also

References

External links

ar: da:Amerikanske justitsministre de:United States Attorney General et:Ameerika hendriikide justiitsministrite loend es:Fiscal general de los Estados Unidos eo: enerala Advokato de Usono eu:Ameriketako Estatu Batuetako Fiskal Nagusia fr:Procureur g n ral des tats-Unis id:Jaksa Agung Amerika Serikat it:Procuratore generale degli Stati Uniti d'America he: lt:Jungtini Valstij generalinis atorn jus nl:Lijst van Amerikaanse ministers van Justitie ja: no:USAs justisminister pl:Prokurator generalny Stan w Zjednoczonych pt:Procurador-geral dos Estados Unidos ru: simple:United States Attorney General fi:Yhdysvaltain oikeusministeri sv:USA:s justitieminister th: vi:B tr ng T ph p Hoa K zh:






Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article



Search for United States Attorney General in Tutorials
Search for United States Attorney General in Encyclopedia
Search for United States Attorney General in Videos
Search for United States Attorney General in Books
Search for United States Attorney General in Software
Search for United States Attorney General in DVDs
Search for United States Attorney General in Store




Advertisement




United States Attorney General in Encyclopedia
United_States_Attorney_General top United_States_Attorney_General

Home - Add TutorGig to Your Site - Disclaimer

©2011-2013 TutorGig.info All Rights Reserved. Privacy Statement