Union City is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. It was incorporated in 1959, combining the communities of Alvarado and Decoto. Alvarado was the original county seat of Alameda County, and the site of the first county courthouse is a California Historical Landmark (#503). The city celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 2009.
Union City is located in the southern part of the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , all land with no bay frontage. The Niles Cone aquifer, managed by the Alameda County Water District, supplies much of the water consumed by Union City. It is bordered by Hayward to the north and Fremont to the south. The three cities of Union City, Fremont, and Newark make up the "Tri-City" area.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Union City had a population of 69,516. The population density was 3,570.6 people per square mile (1,378.6/km ). The racial makeup of Union City was 16,640 (23.9%) White, 4,402 (6.3%) African American, 329 (0.5%) Native American, 35,363 (50.9%) Asian, (20.0% Filipino, 11.5% Indian, 10.8% Chinese, 3.7% Vietnamese, 0.9% Korean, 0.6% Japanese, 0.6% Pakistani, 0.4% Burmese, 0.2% Cambodian), 892 (1.3%) Pacific Islander, 7,253 (10.4%) from other races, and 4,637 (6.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15,895 persons (22.9%).
The Census reported that 68,998 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 422 (0.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 96 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 20,433 households, out of which 9,066 (44.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 12,734 (62.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,761 (13.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,182 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 856 (4.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 128 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,740 households (13.4%) were made up of individuals and 1,002 (4.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.38. There were 16,677 families (81.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.69.
The population was spread out with 16,847 people (24.2%) under the age of 18, 6,453 people (9.3%) aged 18 to 24, 20,360 people (29.3%) aged 25 to 44, 18,146 people (26.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,710 people (11.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.
There were 21,258 housing units at an average density of 1,091.9 per square mile (421.6/km ), of which 13,580 (66.5%) were owner-occupied, and 6,853 (33.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 46,272 people (66.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 22,726 people (32.7%) lived in rental housing units.
As of 2000 the population was 66,869 and 15,696 families residing in Union City and a total of 17,130 jobs and 32,700 employed residents in 2000. The population density was 3,473.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,341.2/km ). There were 18,877 housing units at an average density of 980.4 per square mile (378.6/km ).
There were 18,642 households out of which 45.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.6% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.8% were non-families. 11.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.57 and the average family size was 3.83. The median price of a house in Union City is about $400,000.
In the city the population varied widely in age, with 27.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $84,384, and the median income for a family was $87,114. Males had a median income of $45,212 versus $35,085 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,890. About 4.8% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.
The first community in what is now Union City was founded in 1850 by John and William Horner, also called "Union City." In 1854, it merged with the nearby community of New Haven to form the town of Alvarado, named after the former Mexican governor, Juan Bautista Alvarado. Alvarado was the first county seat of Alameda County, which it soon lost to San Leandro. Further east, the town of Decoto was founded in 1870. It became a railroad hub, with the transcontinental railroad running through it.
In the 1950s, Alvarado and Decoto were annexation targets of the nearby communities of Newark, Hayward, and what became Fremont. In 1959, they decided to incorporate themselves into a single city, and named it after the Horners' original settlement, Union City. The Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) rail system came to Union City when the system opened in 1972.
In 2007, ground broke at the Union City Intermodal Transit Station. The new station, equipped with solar electric panels, will be integrated into a pedestrian-friendly development including office space, retail space, a public plaza, and 1,784 new housing units including high-rise.
Union City is the location of the American Licorice Company's West Coast operations, having moved there in 1971 from San Francisco.
Union City is home to three major health care providers: a Kaiser Permanente facility, a Tiburcio Vasquez Health Center, and Washington Hospital's Nakamura Clinic.
the Union Landing Shopping Center is a 105-acre shopping center, adjacent to Interstate 880, with more than 30 shops and restaurants including anchor stores Walmart, Best Buy and Lowe's, and the 25-screen Century Theatre. The mall was completed in 1999.
According to Union City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
Aldworth Company is no longer an employer in the city.
The New Haven Unified School District serves over 13,000 students from Union City and parts of South Hayward and has one of the largest high school in California .
Several transit systems service Union City. AC Transit, the Dumbarton Express, and the city's own Union City Transit run bus lines through the city. BART has a station near the Decoto district. Union City is also served by a network of high-capacity streets, including Interstate 880 (Nimitz Freeway) and Highway 238 (Mission Boulevard).
The City Council consists of 5 representatives, the Mayor and four Councilmembers, each elected City-wide (no district elections) to 4-year terms on a staggered basis; this means that every two years there are either 3 Council seats up for election or one Council seat and the Mayor seat.The Union city government is headed by the mayor, who is elected by the citizens of union city to a four-year term. The next mayoral election is in November 2012 as current mayor mark green as reach his term limt as mayor and has served the community for over 19 years . The Vice Mayor position is elected by the City Council each year for a one-year term, and traditionally follows a rotation in which each Councilmember gets his or her turn to serve.For 2012 two former city council members Richard Valle and Carol Dutra-Vernaci plan to run for mayor seat and one Councilmember seat is also open .Current Councilmember Pat Gacoscos was recently elected Vice Mayor; next year (2013), it will be Councilmember Emily Duncan s and the year after that, Councilmember Lorrin Ellis s turn. The City Council appoints a City Manager, who hires all City staff and manages the day-to-day business of the City. Advisory bodies work with the City Council and identify issues before the Council makes final decisions. Advisory body members are appointed by the Mayor, subject to the approval of a majority of the Council.
Union City Schools are managed by the New Haven Unified School District. The School District is not part of the City government organization, but the two entities work in partnership on selected issues.
The Union City city Hall is located at 34009 Alvarado-Niles Road near decoto district.
Union City, Fremont, Newark (the Tri-Cities) has a daily newspaper called The Argus, which is part of the Bay Area News Group of newspapers. The paper will cease publication in November 2011, to be replace with a regional paper from the same company.
The San Francisco Bay Area Flight 93 Memorial is in Sugar Mill Landing Park. It was the first monument completed in the United States which was designed specifically to honor the passengers and crew of United Airlines Flight 93, which was bound for San Francisco, but was hijacked and crashed in rural Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001.
The Eden Landing Ecological Reserve is located at the bay shore of Union City and Hayward. Periodic waterfowl hunting is permitted. Masonic Homes building Masonic Homes, a senior living community, has as its centerpiece a large brick building, built in the 1930s, visible from Mission Boulevard. The building was identified as a significant historic property in the 1974 Historic Resource Inventory of Washington Township.
The Human Relations Commission, an advisory board to the Union City city council, recommends and maintains relations with international sister cities. As of 2010, four sister cities were represented: Chiang Rai in Thailand; Jalandhar in Punjab, India; Pasay in the Philippines; and Santa Rosalia in Baja California Sur, Mexico.
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