Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra () (14 September 1888-26 January 1969), born Anukulchandra Chakraborty was a guru and founder of the Satsang ashram at Deoghar. He is devotedly referred to as Sri Sri Thakur by his followers and disciples. His devotees are known as Satsangees. Throughout his life he served thousands of people with exceptional love. All his disciples and devotees believe he was an Avatar or incarnation of God-the-Almighty. Sri Sri Thakur is regarded as Purusottam by millions of his devotees irrespective of caste, creed and community all over the world.
He served people according to their instincts and character so that they could live a life of love with all-round developmente. He started his mission at Himaitpur, Pabna (now in Bangladesh) by establishing Satsang Ashram there. He moved to Deoghar, Jharkhand in 1946 and reestablished the present Satsang Ashram.
Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra was born on 14 September 1888, in the village of Himaitpur, in the Pabna District of East Bengal (now Bangladesh) in Undivided India. His father was Sri Sivachandra Chakravarty (Shandilya Gotra Kanyakubja Brahmin) and his mother was Manomohini Devi. Both his parents were extremely devoted to God. His mother Manomohini Devi received Diksha (Initiation) in her dream when she was sleeping at the age of five and got the holy mantra (Satnam). Her Guru was Huzur Maharaj of Dayalbagh, Radhaswami Satsang of Agra.
From the very beginning, Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra was extremely devoted to his parents, and accepted his mother as his guru throughout his life. To propound and propagate his philosophy, he set up an Ashram first at Pabna (later it was named Satsang Ashram by his mother) and then at Deoghar in India in 1946. The Satsang ashram at Deoghar has now become a major attraction in Deoghar.
When Sri Sri Thakur was old enough, mother Monomohini Devi contacted Sri Sarkar Sahib (the successor of Huzur Maharaj) of Radhaswami Satsang, Dayalbagh, Agra for the purpose of Diksha. He instructed her through letter to give the diksha herself. During Diksha, she told young Anukulchandra the Holy Name, something he had been chanting from inside her womb. The moment the name reached him, he went into a slight trance state with the name vibrating throughout his whole being; in that state he saw a figure resembling Sarkar Sahib, the very same moment Sarkar Sahib died for the eternal abode, having been blessed by the vision of the Lord of all Lords in his final moment in some other realm. Sri Sri Thakur always regarded his mother as his Guru.
In his younger years (from around 24 to 26 years old) he would do Kirtan with his followers. Sometimes during kirtan, he would go into a trance, something common with the earlier Purushottams Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. But unlike them, he also spoke in an assortment of languages so varied and so many, that the lack of proper scribes resulted in most sayings not being written down. It was only later, when his name started spreading everywhere, that people of high educational merit started coming and they wrote down whatever they could understand and grasp amid this flurry of heavenly messages. His utterances of only 72 days were later collected and published in a book called Punyapunthi or The Holybook.
In 1946 he moved to Deoghar, where he left his mortal frame on 26 January 1969.
Philosophy and Teachings
According to Sri Sri Thakur the purpose of our life is Ishwarprapti, to attain mastery over every aspect of our life, character and everything, so we become like a dew-drop reflecting the light of the sun of our life - The Supreme Father, the Lord of all Lords. The pillars of life and growth, according to him, are Jajan , Jaajan, Ishtabhriti, Swastayani and Sadachar. The way to ensure that good souls tread the world, as he stressed, are: Diksha (Initiation), Shiksha (Education) and Vivaha (marriage) done according to the way of the natural laws of the Supreme Father. He gives detailed instruction in his books and verses as to how to conduct oneself in life.
As is seen from the lives of all previous prophets, he did not need to "set up" an organization; the organization evolved around him spontaneously as one would expect lush greenery to sprout around a source of water. Schools, charitable hospitals, engineering workshops, a publishing house, and a printing press came up. Never did he need to write a book by hand except one—Satyanusaran ("The Pursuit of Truth"), but this was only a letter to one of his disciples, Atulchandra. However, conversations of various people with Sri Sri Thakur were recorded, and his sayings were compiled. His message relating to the well-being of mankind were published in various volumes in English and Bengali. Among these compilations are:
- Narir Neeti
- Narie Pathe
- Pather Kodi
- Chalar Sathi
- Adarsh Binayak
- Alochana Prasanga
- The Message
- Vigayn Vibhuti
- Katha Prasange
- Nana Prasange
- Vivah Vidhayana
Books on Sri Sri Thakur
The major biographies of Sri Sri Thakur are:
Jemon Taakey Dekhi by Srinath in Bengali
Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra by Sri Satishchandra Jowardar
Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra by Sri Rabindranath Ray
Dayal Thakur by Sri Narayan Prasad
↑ Written in Hindi, translated to English as Benign Lord by Sri Arun Ganguly and Mr. Kerry Brace. Also translated to Bengali by Sri Ramashankar Trivedi with same title, Dayal Thakur. Another biography exists although not from Satsang Publication—Ray Hauserman's Ocean In a Tea-Cup: Story of Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra.