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South Park Street Cemetery

South Park Street Cemetery is located on Mother Teresa Sarani, Kolkata, India. The road used to be called Park Street, and prior to that Burial Ground Road.

Contents


History

The Park Street Cemetery, was one of the earliest non-church cemeteries in the world, and probably the largest Christian cemetery outside Europe and America in the 19th century. Opened in 1767 on what was previously a marshy area, the cemetery was in use until about 1830 and is now a heritage site, protected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The cemetery was opened to relieve the pressure on the old burial ground in the heart of the city. The road leading to the cemetery came to be known as the Burying Ground Road but was subsequently renamed Park Street after the park around Vansittart's garden house. By the year 1785 the burial ground had been extended on the northern side of Park Street and by 1840 a vast new cemetery was opened to the east of the Lower Circular Road. The Europeans started to disuse it in the year 1790. It has been confirmed by a marble plaque at the gate which reads "South Park Street, Opened:1767, Closed:1790".

Tollywood's Bengali film, Gorosthaney Sabdhan (literal translation: Beware in the cemetery) was shot here. The film was based on the novel of the same name by Satyajit Ray.

Notable Tombs

William Jones]]. Among the many eminet Calcutta personalities of the period buried here were:

The memorials are almost all, without exception, architecturally imposing and replete with classical details and sculptures. Among the interesting professions mentioned in the epitaphs are: breeder of cattle, jail-keeper, silversmith, schoolteacher, architect, translator, livery, printer, head tide-waiter, park superintendent, cooper, postmaster, surgeon.

Grave 363

A virtuous mother (died 1825) That is all Grave 363 in the cemetery has to say. This grave unobtrusively marks towards "An Unknown Soldier" of The Hearth & Home. It seems as if that she chose to remain anonymous.

Features

The tombs are an admixture of the Gothic with a rich flavour of the Indo-Saracenic style. Of the latter, mention may be made of a unique and composite brick structure built in the panchyatana manner, with a central dome flanked by miniature replicas of Orissan rekha deul on four sides. Coupled with this peculiarity, the black basalt carvings on the frontal fa ade indicate a distinct respect for the Hindu faith.

North Park Street Cemetery

The North Park Street Cemetery which existed is now the site of the Assembly of God Church School and the Mercy Hospital with only a sole grave standing to remind its past. The Lower Circular Road cemetery still exists today and is still used for burial having a less number of monuments.

Gallery

File:South-Park-Street-Cemetery-Gate.jpg|The marble plaque which reads: "South Park Street Cemetery, Opened 1767, Closed 1790 File:South-Park-Street-Cemetery-5.jpg|The pavilions inside the cemetery. File:South-Park-Street-Cemetery-4.jpg|A tomb inside the cemetery. File:South-Park-Street-Cemetery-3.jpg|The tomb of Charles Hindoo Stuart File:South-Park-Street-Cemetery-2.jpg|The tombs inside the cemetery.

References

The South Park Street Cemetery, Calcutta, published by the Association for the Preservation of Historical Cemeteries in India, 5th ed. (2009)

External links

fr:Cimeti re de Park Street






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