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Sibsagar

Sivasagar (previously spelled Sibsagar) (), the Ocean of Lord Shiva, is a town in the Sibsagar district in the state of Assam in India, about north east of Guwahati. It is the district headquarter of the Sivasagar district.

Apart from its history, culture, and tanks, it is also famous for its Ahom Palaces and Monuments. Now it is a multicultural town. Sivasagar today is also an important center for oil and tea trading.

Contents


History

Carvings on the walls of the Sivadoul( ' )

Sivasagar, formerly known as Rangpur, was once the capital of the Ahom Kingdom from 1699 to 1788, who ruled Assam for more than 600 years. They ruled Assam virtually uninterrupted for 6 centuries until their kingdom fell to the Burmese in 1819, and their ruling class was all but wiped out. The province was liberated by the British in 1825 but, owing to the state of anarchy which prevailed in the province, it was completely annexed in 1826.

Sivasagar

This town's main feature is the water body from which it gets its name. This is a tank also called Borpukhuri, at a higher elevation than the rest of the town, with three temples("Doul"s in Assamese) on its banks. Of these temples, the most prominent is the Sivadol, standing tall at , drawing large crowds on Shiv Ratri. The other temples are the Vishnudoul and Devidoul. The temples were built by Kuwori Ambika, wife of Swargadeo Siba Singha, in the year 1734.

Attractions

Tanks

Joysagar Pukhuri( )

Joysagar

Joysagar, said to be the biggest man-made lake in the country, is spread over of water on the edge of the town in an area called Rangpur, 5 Km away from the present Sivasagar Town. This lake was built by Swargadeo Rudra Singha in honor of his mother Joymoti.

Gaurisagar

Bor Kuwori Phuleshwari Devi, the queen then built this tank and is spread over . The three famous temples namely the Vishundoul, Devidoul and Shivdoul were constructed on its bank.

Borpukhuri ( )

Rudrasagar

Swargadeo Lakshmi Singha built this tank in the year 1773 and was dedicated to his father Swargadeo Rudra Singha. A Shiva Temple was also build on the bank of this beautifully constructed tank. It is 8 km away from the city of Sivasagar.

Temples

Sivadol Temple

Sivadoul

Dedicated to the Hindu God, Lord Shiva, one the most sacred temple. This is at a height of 104 feet. It is thronged by all the devotees during the festival of Shivratri. It was built in the year 1734 by Kuwori Ambika. It is 104 feet tall and encircles over an area of 195 feet.

Vishnudoul

Dedicated to the Hindu God, Lord Vishnu, this is another important temple in Sivasagar. According to the Hindu calendar the month of "Bhada", is supposed to be very auspicious, though one can visit throughout the year. Kuwori Ambika constructed these temples. She was the wife of the Swargadeo Siba Singha.

Devidoul

Dedicated to the Hindu Goddess of Power, Durga, which is another important temple in Sivasagar. Durga Puja, the most important festival of the temple is celebrate twice in a year. The first one is celebrated in the month of Chaitra (April May) and the other in the month of Ashwin (September October).

Amphitheater

Rang Ghar( )

Rang Ghar

Rang Ghar is a double-storied, oval shaped amphitheater with a roof which is shaped like an inverted boat. It was constructed by Swargadeo Pramatta Singha. It is said to be amongst the largest of amphitheaters.

Palaces

View of one of wings of the Talatal Ghar( )

Talatal Ghar

Talatal Ghar is a palace with two secret tunnels, used as exit routes during wars and three floors underground. The upper four stories are known as Kareng Ghar. In total it is a seven floored building. The palace was built, initially, as an army base.

Museum

Sivasagar Tai Museum

A new addition is the Tai Ahom Museum on the bank of the Sibsagar. It stores artifacts of the rulers, including swords, clothes, manuscripts, goblets and platters.

Panidihing Birds Sanctuary

A rich wetland eco-system of 33.93 km2 on the southern bank of river Brahmaputra in the Sibsagar district. Birds: A paradise of migratory and resident birds, 50 far 165 species of Birds have been identified and recorded. A place for quite high concentration of Geese and other Migratory birds. The common birds seen are Bar-headed Goose, Grey leg Goose, Spot billed Duck, Mallard, Gadwall, Wigeon, Gargany, Shoveller, Red crested Pochard, Common Pochard, Ferruginous Duck, Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Open bill Stork, White necked Stork etc. Aquatic Fauna: Varieties of fishes have been identified along with various species of Frogs & Snakes etc.

Other Attractions

The ancient capital of the Ahoms is Gargaon about 13 km east from Sivasagar, where the major draw is the Kareng Ghar, a seven-storied palace built by 18th century architects. Charideo situated nearby, is another old capital which was built by Sukapha, the founder of the Ahom dynasty. There are Maidams or Vaults for the king and members of royal families here. Travellers cross the Namdang stone bridge, carved out of a single boulder hundreds of years ago, over which the busy national highway (NH 37) still runs today.

Transport

Road

Sivasagar is well connected by road with rest of the state. State run buses ply to places like Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Jorhat very frequently from Assam State Transport Corporation's (ASTC) bus station in Sivasagar town. Private buses are also available. Taxis are also available for hire .

Auto-Rickshaws & other modes of Transports are also available in and around the town. The cheapest one are like Tata Magic and Tempoes are available through Nazira, Mechagarh, Joysagar to Sivasagar.

Airport

The closest airport is located at Jorhat (55 km) from away from the city of Sibsagar. The airport is connected with many major cities such as Guwahati, Kolkata, Bangalore. It is also connected with Dibrugarh and Shillong. Another option is the Dibrugarh Airport that is located at a distance of (80 km) from the city. There are frequent flights services to both the places and one can opt for either choice. You can opt for taxis from the airport.

Railway

Sivasagar Town is a beautiful town & it also have a railway station. The Dibrugarh - Yesvantpur Express connects this station. The nearest railway station on the Tinsukia-Guwahati sector of North East Frontier Railways is Simaluguri, 16 km from Sivasagar town. Buses ply regularly from Simaluguri towards Sivasagar. It is approximately a half-hour bus ride from Simaluguri town.

Demographics

India census,[1] Sivasagar had a population of 53, 854. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. Sivasagar has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 79%. In Sivasagar, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Most of the inhabitants of the town are Assamese belonging to Ahom, Assamese Muslims, Assamese Brahmins and other ethnic groups. There are also significant numbers of Marwari and Bihari people living in the town.

Energy

Assam State Electricity Board (A.S.E.B), Maibella is located to the east of Sivasagar Town. ASEB, Maibella is recently renamed as Assam Power Generation Corporation Limited (APGCL).

Educational Institutes

Hospitals

  • Govt. Civil Hospital
  • Pragati Nursing home and research center
  • Sharma Nursing Home
  • Aditya Nursing home
  • Sampriti Hospital
  • East Point Hospital
  • Joktali Primary Health Centre, Mechagarh

Hotels

  • Hotel Shiva Palace
  • Hotel Brahmaputra
  • Hotel Siddhartha
  • Hotel Bridavan
  • Hotel Raj Palace
  • Hotel Atlanata
  • Hotel Priya
  • Hotel Talatal
  • Hotel Rangghar

Climate

The weather in Sivasagar is pleasant throughout the year. The temperature ranges from 10 C in winter to 40 C during summer. Due to Brahmaputra river following very close to the region, Sivasagar is characterised by highly humid atmosphere and the average rainfall is about 90 to 94 inches in a year. Due to high rainfall during summers, the weather is normally pleasant.

Politics

Sivasagar is part of Jorhat (Lok Sabha constituency) Present representative of State assembly is Pranab Gogoi of Congress party .[2]

Gallery

Image:Karenghar asi.jpg|

Plaque at the Talatal Ghar( )
Image:Assam Temple.jpg|A dol in Sivasagar Image:Sivadaul.jpg|
A Night View of Sivadol in Sivasagar
Image:Karenghar bortope.jpg|Cannons guarding the Talatal Ghar( )

References

External links

as: ca:Sibsagar es:Sivasagar hi: bpy: it:Sibsagar mr: te: vi:Sibsagar






Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article



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