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Shao Hua

Shao Hua (30 October 1938 - June 24, 2008), formerly known as Zhang Shao Hua ( ), born Chen Anyun ( ), was a Chinese photographer and a major general in the People's Liberation Army. [1] Shao was the daughter-in-law of the late Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong and the wife of Mao's second son, Mao Anqing, who had died in 2007.[1]

Shao was born in October 1938 in Yan'an, Shaanxi province, a former base for Mao Zedong's Communist army following the Long March. [2]Her father was Chen Zhenhua, who was from Shimin, Hunan. Her mother was Zhang Wenqiu, who was from Jingshan County, Hubei.

Shao began working as a photographer during the 1950s using a camera which had been brought to her from the Soviet Union by Mao Zedong's eldest son, Mao Anying.[1][2] She traveled extensively throughout China following the Chinese Civil War.[1] The subjects of her photographs were often related to the government of the Communist movement, including factories and other factors of production, army units, schools, and poor rural Chinese villages.[1] She became the head of the China Photographers Association (CPA) in 2002 and served in that position until her death in 2008.[1]

Shao also served as a major general in the People's Liberation Army.[1] She had also served as the director of the military encyclopedia department of the PLA Academy of Military Sciences.[2] Shao was a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) from 1988 to 2002, when she began displaying her photographs publicly. [2]

Shao married Mao Anqing, Mao Zedong's second son and a Russian linguist,[2] in September 1960.[3] The couple had one son, Mao Xinyu. Her husband had no active role in the Chinese government.[1] Mao Anqing died on March 23, 2007, at the age of 84.[1] Her son Mao Xinyu and his wife, Liu Bin, have one son Mao Dongdong born in 2003 who is currently the only great-grandson of Mao Zedong.

Shao Hua died in Beijing of an unspecified illness on June 24, 2008, at the age of 69.[1] Her death was announced by the China Photographers Association and the state run Xinhua news agency.[1]


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