Search: in
Sesamoid bone
Sesamoid bone in Encyclopedia Encyclopedia
  Tutorials     Encyclopedia     Videos     Books     Software     DVDs  

Sesamoid bone

In anatomy, a sesamoid bone is a bone embedded within a tendon.

Sesamoids are found in locations where a tendon passes over a joint, such as the hand, knee, and foot. Functionally, they act to protect the tendon and to increase its mechanical effect. The presence of the sesamoid bone holds the tendon slightly farther away from the center of the joint and thus increases its moment arm. Sesamoid bones also prevent the tendon from flattening into the joint as tension increases and therefore also maintain a more consistent moment arm through a variety of possible tendon loads. This differs from menisci, which are made of cartilage and rather act to disperse the weight of the body on joints and reduce friction during movement.


Human anatomy

Sesamoid bones can be found on joints throughout the body, including:

Injuries and variation

  • A common foot ailment in dancers is sesamoiditis.
  • A bi-partite sesamoid bone is when the sesamoids are in 2 separate entities  usually congenital, but may be related to a history of trauma.

In other animals

In equine anatomy, the term sesamoid bone usually refers to the two sesamoid bones found at the back of the fetlock or metacarpophalangeal/metatarsophalangeal joints in both hindlimbs and forelimbs. Strictly these should be termed the proximal sesamoid bones whereas the navicular bone should be referred to as the distal sesamoid bone. The patella is also a form of sesamoid bone in the horse.

In both the giant panda[3] and the red panda,[4] the radial sesamoid is larger than the same bone in counterparts such as bears. It is primarily a bony support for the pad above it, allowing the panda's other digits to grasp bamboo while eating it. The panda's thumb is often cited as a classical example of exaptation, where a trait evolved for one purpose is commandeered for another.[5]

See also



bg: de:Sesambein es:Hueso sesamoideo eo:Sezamoido fr:Os s samo de hr:Sezamska kost is:Sesambein it:Osso sesamoide nl:Sesambeen pt:Osso sesamoide ru: sl:Sezamoidna kost sv:Sesamben th:

Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article

Search for Sesamoid bone in Tutorials
Search for Sesamoid bone in Encyclopedia
Search for Sesamoid bone in Videos
Search for Sesamoid bone in Books
Search for Sesamoid bone in Software
Search for Sesamoid bone in DVDs
Search for Sesamoid bone in Store


Sesamoid bone in Encyclopedia
Sesamoid_bone top Sesamoid_bone

Home - Add TutorGig to Your Site - Disclaimer

©2011-2013 All Rights Reserved. Privacy Statement