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Seaton Carew

Seaton Carew is a small seaside resort within the Borough of Hartlepool, in North East England with a population of 6,018 (2001).[1] It is situated on the North Sea coast between the town of Hartlepool and the mouth of the River Tees. The area is named after a Norman French family called Carou who owned lands in the area and settled there,[2][3] while 'Seaton' means farmstead or settlement by the sea.

Contents


History

There is evidence that the area was occupied in Roman times as vestiges of Roman buildings, coins and artefacts are occasionally found on the beach.[4][5][6] Later during the reign of Henry I, Seaton came into the possession of Robert De Carrowe and the settlement changed its name to Seaton Carrowe.[7] In medieval times salt was extracted from sea water by evaporation and ash from the fuel used to remove the water was dumped on North Gare and now forms a series of grass covered mounds on the golf course.[8] A Gilbertine priory or cell to Sempringham was established in the Seaton area although so far no trace has been found.[4][5] In 1667 a gun fortification was built on the promontory of Seaton Snook to defend the mouth of the Tees particularly against the Dutch—remnants of these fortifications can be seen today.[4][5][6]

Houses around The Green Seaton Carew was a fishing village but grew in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries as a seaside holiday resort for wealthy Quaker families from Darlington[7][9] effectively founding Seaton Carew as a seaside resort. Many stayed at the rows of stucco houses and hotels built along the seafront and around The Green—a modestly handsome turfed square facing the sea. The Quakers had been going since the sixteenth century arriving by horse and carriage, or stagecoach and latterly by railway for the miles of golden sands and sea bathing.[3]

In 1867 a hoard of Spanish silver dollars were revealed in the sands following a heavy storm.[10] In 1874 Dr. Duncan McCuaig founded the Durham and Yorkshire Golf Club in Seaton Carew with a 14 hole course on coastal land to the south-east of Seaton Carew—later the club changed its name to Seaton Carew Golf Club. Four holes were added in 1891 and in 1925 further work was carried out with the guidance of renowned golf course designer Dr. Alister MacKenzie.[3]

In 1882 Seaton Carew was incorporated into West Hartlepool[11] and the museum of Hartlepool records that a small riot involving Irish labourers took place in the late Victorian era, when townsfolk mistook them for Fenian agitators. Just to the north of Seaton was the works of the West Hartlepool Steel & Iron Company. In 1898 Mr. Christopher Furness and Mr. W. C. Gray, of West Hartlepool purchased the Stockton Malleable Iron Works, the Moor Steel and Iron Works, and the West Hartlepool Steel and Iron Works to form the South Durham Steel and Iron Company, becoming part of the British Steel Corporation in 1967.[12] The West Hartlepool Steel and Iron Works is thought to have closed in 1979.[13]

Seaton Carew lighthouse

Under increasing commercial pressure from the docks at West Hartlepool the Tees Navigation Company decided to improve access to the river Tees by providing a pair of leading lighthouses (navigation light towers) on the coast at Seaton Carew. The Low Light was on what is now Coronation Drive on the sea front at the junction with Lawson Road and the High Light and cottages were inland to the west at the end of Windermere Road in what is now the Longhill Industrial Estate in Hartlepool north of Tees Bay Retail Park.[14] The Low Light was a tall hexagonal tower with the base at a height of above mean high tide.[15] The High Light was a tall conical tower of magnesian limestone built in 1838[16] with the base at a height of above mean high tide.[15] The High Light also known as the Longhill Lighthouse,[17] exhibited a fixed white light while the Low Light exhibited a fixed red.[14][18][19] These were not the first lighthouses in Seaton Carew as there is evidence of an earlier lighthouse in the 15th century.[20] The lights were made obsolete when their function was taken over when a new lighthouse was built in 1884 on the breakwater at the recently constructed South Gare[21] at the mouth of the river Tees. By 1985 although the High Light tower was disused and dilapidated and had lost its gallery, it was given grade II listed building status.[16] In 1995 the tower now known as Seaton Tower, was moved by the Teesside Development Corporation to the recently regenerated Hartlepool Marina to become a focal point, and a memorial to those who have lost their lives at sea.[19]

20th Century

An electric tramway track extension from Church Street, Hartlepool to Seaton Carew was opened on 28 March 1902 linking Hartlepool and Seaton Carew. Trams travelled on reserved track along parts of Seaton Carew sea front, operating until 25 March 1927 when the line closed, ending tram transport in the Hartlepools.[22]

During a northerly gale in the early hours of 31 January 1907 the cargo steamship SS Clavering became stranded near North Gare breakwater in the mouth of the river Tees. During a 31 hour joint rescue the Seaton Carew and Hartlepool lifeboats removed a total of 39 people from the vessel—the RNLI subsequently awarded Silver Medals to coxswain Shepherd Sotheran and John Franklin, coxswain superintendent of the Seaton Carew Lifeboat.[23]

On North Gare at the end of Zinc Works Road was a zinc smelter built from 1907–08 by the Central Zinc Company.[24] This works imported zinc concentrates – tailings from the froth floatation process produced at Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia. The mineral was roasted to produce zinc, lead and silver with sulphuric acid as one of the by-products. Brimstone could also be burnt to improve the yield of sulphuric acid. In 1916 the Central Zinc Company sold the works to The Sulphide Corporation[24][25] and by 1949 The Consolidated Zinc Corporation Limited had taken over The Sulphide Corporation and others.[26]

World War One

From 1916–1919 there was an RFC / RAF airstrip on open land to the south of Seaton Carew at the southern end of Brenda Road near what is now Hunter Houses Industrial Estate, and seaplanes (float planes) were kept in Seaton Channel.[27] This was a detachment of No. 36 Home Defence Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps located at RFC Station Cramlington, in Northumberland charged with the defence of the North East of England and the Yorkshire coast.[28]

During the First World War a group of four Zeppelins attacked targets on the northeast coast. After bombing Hartlepool the L34 Zeppelin was caught in a searchlight to the west of Hartlepool and Lieutenant Ian Vernon Pyott the pilot of a Royal Aircraft Factory BE 2C biplane from A flight No. 36 Squadron based at Seaton Carew, on seeing the Zeppelin at about ten thousand feet gave chase for five miles, occasionally firing on the craft. The L34 Zeppelin caught fire and, engulfed in flames it fell into the sea in Tees Bay with the loss of all crew while the other Zeppelins made their escape—flames were seen as far away as places like Melton Mobray.[29] In February 1921 a war memorial in the form of a Victoria Cross upon a shaft was unveiled and dedicated on The Green.[30]

Interwar years

The wreck of the Danish schooner Doris at North Gare (1983) On 26 September 1930 the Danish schooner Doris was driven towards Longscar Rocks off Hartlepool, dragging her anchors in a gale and heavy seas. Nine of the crew were rescued by the Hartlepool Lifeboat but the Doris became a total wreck and after salvage its remains are now embedded in the sands at North Gare.[31]

In the 1930s shelters were built for the seaside visitor. Opposite The Green was the North Shelter and behind the bus station the South shelter, both with toilets and a life guard. Both shelters were demolished towards the end of the 20th Century because of their crumbling condition.

Post-war

In northern Seaton Carew in 1949 a large fire broke out in a timber yard of imported Scandinavian timber intended for making into pit props for the Durham Coalfield.[32] This was similar to an event that occurred in 1922.[33]

In 1969 the Seaton Carew Conservation Area was created and extended in 1976 and 2002.[34]

Seaton Carew was once considered to possess a faded charm but recent regeneration work has done much to change this. The crumbling sea-front baths and the North and South shelters have been demolished while the bus station has been regenerated. The sea defences to the north have been strengthened with rock armour on the upper beach to subdue wave action and the promenade has been extended northwards to Hartlepool.

21st Century

The area hit world-wide headlines in December 2007 when John Darwin, believed dead since an apparent canoeing accident off Seaton Beach in 2002, walked into a London police station and gave himself up as a missing person, sparking a major fraud investigation by Cleveland Police.[35] See the John Darwin disappearance case. Following these events, a 'local prankster' erected a realistic road sign, near the railway station on Seaton Lane, saying "Welcome to Seaton Canoe Twinned with Panama"—it has since been removed.[36]

Landmarks

Seaton Carew bus station and art deco clock tower On the coast in the north of Seaton a promenade now allows visitors to walk from Seaton Carew to Hartlepool Marina. This promenade gives unrestricted views across the North Sea and on a clear day down to Whitby.[6] Numerous buildings around The Green are grade II listed.[37] Along the coastline is the Hartlepool Submerged Forest, a site of special scientific interest. To the south, close to the slipway is the old lifeboat station—now living accommodation. In the south of Seaton Carew, along 'The Front' are the shops, restaurants, cafes, chip shops and arcades that might be expected of a seaside resort. Holy Trinity Church Holy Trinity Church formerly a chapel in the middle of the village was consecrated in 1831 giving the village its first proper school and the church was restored in 1891.[6] Further south is the bus station with renovated grade II listed art deco clock tower and shelters. South of this is a beachside car park overlooking Seaton Carew Wreck, the protected remains of a wooden collier vessel on the beach below the tide line.[38] There are numerous other wrecks both in the beach and just off shore. Further south east beyond the village is Seaton Carew Golf Course.

Seaton Common wildlife reserve The course is sandwiched between the coastal sand dunes and Seaton Common marsh, all known collectively as Seaton Dunes and Common an SSSI. The coastal dunes lead south-east to North Gare breakwater, a concrete pier built between 1882 and 1892[39] protecting the northern side of the mouth of the Tees. Second World War anti-tank blocks still remain on the beach on the seaward side of the breakwater, and the breakwater itself is fenced off as part of its concrete surface is in a dangerous condition after a partial collapse. Due south of the breakwater is Seaton Snook a promontory into the mouth of the Tees that has lent its name to other areas of land close by. To the west of Seaton Carew is the Durham Coast Railway Line and the Seaton Carew railway station.

Economy

Tourism

Tourists and visitors are attracted the resort's four miles of spotless sandy beach, promenade, arcades, and fish and chip restaurants.[40] Every November on a Saturday closest to Bonfire Night there is a fireworks display and carnival attracting thousands of visitors from across the region.[41]

Industry

At the end of Zinc Works Road there is a quarry at North Gare at one time owned by Tarmac, used for the extraction of sand and gravel from the beach of North Gare Sands by the lagoon at Teesmouth.[42] Also at the end of Zinc Works Road is Frutarom, formerly Oxford Chemicals, manufacturers of "High Impact Aroma Chemicals" for the food and other industries.[43]

To the south on Seaton Channel is Hartlepool Nuclear Power Station. Further up Seaton Channel at Graythorp basin, Able UK have their ship dismantling facility and on Tees Road is the Greatham Works of Huntsman Tioxide manufacturers of titanium dioxide pigments.[44]

Notable people

Clara Share Lockwood - Lady Dorman (1853–1933) was born in Seaton Carew. In 1873 she married Arthur Dorman co-founder of Dorman Long and Co Ltd.[45] The artist and leading railway poster designer Frank Henry Mason (1875–1965) was born at Seaton Carew and briefly worked in a Hartlepool shipyard.[46] The science fiction writer Mark Adlard was born in Seaton Carew in 1932[47] and for a time he lived on The Green.

Transport

Seaton Carew is served by the A178 road and by Seaton Carew railway station. Stagecoach Hartlepool provide Monday to Saturday daytime bus services to Seaton Carew from Throston Grange and Hartlepool Town Centre on service 1 and alternate buses on service 1 extend from Seaton Carew to Middlesbrough and Port Clarence.[48] There are no bus services to/from Seaton Carew after 6.00pm or at any time on a Sunday. The railway station is also served with hourly Northern Rail services, from Middlesbrough, Sunderland, Newcastle and Hexham.[49]

Sports

Seaton Carew has the following sporting facilities located at the junction of Elizabeth Way and Tees Road:

  • Seaton Carew Golf Club
  • Rugby Club
  • Cricket Club.

Cultural references

Seaton Carew features in science fiction writer Mark Adlard's 'T-city' trilogy and the bus station features in several scenes in the Mike Leigh film Career Girls. HMS Seaton Carew is a (fictitious) space vessel that appeared in an episode the BBC 2 TV series Hyperdrive.[50]

Seaton Carew is noted for originating the Chicken Curry Half and half dish consisting of a regular spicy chicken curry served on a bed of half rice / half chips.

See also

References

External links

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