Samuel Samuel (7 April 1855 23 October 1934) was a British businessman and Conservative Party politician. He sat in the House of Commons from 1913 to 1934.
Samuel founded Samuel Samuel & Co in Yokohama, Japan, in partnership with his elder brother Marcus Samuel, creator of the Shell Transport and Trading company. The opening of this trading company helped paved the way for the industrialization of Japan.
Samuel unsuccessfully contested Leeds West at the 1906 and January 1910 general elections, and was unsuccessful again in Sunderland at the December 1910 general election.
He was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Wandsworth at a by-election in June 1913, following the resignation of Sir Henry Kimber, Bt. The constituency was divided at the 1918 general election, when he was returned as a Coalition Conservative for the new Putney division of Wandsworth. He held the seat until his death in October 1934, aged 79.