The Rudiments of music are the basic elements of music theory. They include musical notation, pitch, time, scales, key signatures, time signatures, and intervals, together with their typical uses in melody and harmony. The Rudiments are those elements of theory that are normally learned, more or less explicitly, as part of learning to play any musical instrument, as distinct from the more abstract aspects of theory that would be studied as a more academic, discipline.
Agricola, M. (1991). The rudiments of music (New edition). Aberystwyth: Boethius Press. Translated from the Latin edition of 1539 by John Trowell. ISBN 0-86314-034-3
- Macpherson, S., & Payne, A. (1969). The Rudiments of Music, 3rd edn. London: Stainer & Bell. ISBN 978-0-85249-010-5
- Ottman, R. W., & Mainous, F. D. (2000). Rudiments of music (2nd edition). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentic-Hall. ISBN 0-13-783671-6.