Shri Rameshwar Thakur (born 28 July 1927 in Village Thakur Gangti, Godda District, Jharkhand), a senior Indian National Congress politician and former union minister of India, is the former Governor of Madhya Pradesh from 2009 to 2011 and a former Governor of Orissa from 2004 to 2006, Andhra Pradesh from 2006 to 2007 and Karnataka from 2007 to 2009. He is a chartered accountant. He was also President of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India from 1966 to 1967.
Thakur was sworn-in as the 15th Governor of Karnataka on August 21, 2007.
Thakur in his capacity as governor has been accused of favouritism to his parent party, Congress.The interim report of the Lokayukta(Anti-corruption unit of karnataka) stated that Mr. Dharam Singh who is also from Congress, as Chief Minister allowed lifting of iron ore from farmland illegally, causing a huge loss to the State's exchequer. The report had recommended for recovery of Rs. 36 crore from Mr. Dharam Singh for causing loss to the exchequer.However, before demitting the office, the then Governor Rameshwar Thakur absolved Singh of all charges.
He served as President of the Bharat Scouts and Guides from November 1998 to November 2001, and again after November 2004.
He was transferred to Governor Madhya Pradesh for the remainder of his gubernatorial term on June 24, 2009. Thakur took over from Dr. Balram Jakhar on the expiry of the latter's term on June 30. He left office on September 7, 2011.