Plaistow ( ; often mispronounced or ) is an urban area in the London Borough of Newham in east London immediately south of West Ham. The name has been suggested to come from Sir Hugh de Plaitz (spelling varies) who, in 1065, married Philippa de Montfitchet, of the Mountfitchet Castle family, who owned the district. It is she who is reputed to have named it the Manor of Plaiz. A stow was a village so it was the village of Plaiz, or Plaiz-stow.
Plaistow is a mainly residential area, including several council estates; the main road is the A112, Plaistow Road/ High Street/ Broadway, which is a former Roman road leaving London through Bromley by Bow, passing Plaistow, the West Ham United Ground and trajecting into Essex, also commercial and retail premises are on Greengate Street leading north and Prince Regent Lane south leading to Newham College. It contains generally smaller shops compared to Stratford or West Ham.
Plaistow is 2010 2015 undergoing extensive urban re-generation including replacement of council homes. Newham, of which Plaistow is part, was in 2007 the 6th most deprived borough in the UK. It contains several ethnic diversities in more significant proportions compared to the other boroughs.; such redevelopment and rejuvenation to coinciding with the staging of the Olympic Games at nearby Stratford, London 27th July 1st August 2012.
Plaistow is mentioned in Daniel Defoe's 1724 work, "Tour of the Eastern Counties" (part of his A tour thro the whole island of Great Britain ), as a town in which there had been much new building as well as repairs to existing houses since the Revolution.
The area was heavily damaged during The Blitz - turn of the nineteeth century buildings include: Fairbairn Hall  and Memorial Baptist Church , with the oldest building being St Andrew's Church and the adjoining vicarage.
Plaistow formed part of the County Borough of West Ham in Essex until 1965, when West Ham joined with the County Borough of East Ham and small parts of Barking and Woolwich to form the London Borough of Newham.
Places of interest in the area include Plaistow Park, the Memorial Park which merges into the East London Cemetery and Newham General Hospital.
Newham College main campus is in Plaistow in the south-east of the town centre.
There are several small parks in the area. The large West Ham Park is north. In Plaistow are Newham Leisure Centre and Balaam () Street Leisure Centre. Singers David Essex, Ronnie Lane, Sandra Kerr, Jade Ewen and Mumzy Stranger were born in Plaistow. Joe Brown was born in Lincolnshire but lived in Plaistow from the age of 2. Record producer Norman Newell was born here.
- For details of education in Plaistow see the List of schools in the London Borough of Newham
Transport and locale
Apart from convenience stores, post offices, etc., Plaistow is mainly occupied by houses and apartments blocks. Local residents usually visit its neighbouring areas (such as Stratford, West Ham and Green Street, all within walking distance) for larger shopping centres and restaurants.
Plaistow Underground station is on the London Underground District Line and Hammersmith and City Line (which share the same tracks between Aldgate East and Barking), in London Travelcard zone 3. The journey time to/from Tower Hill is 18-19 minutes
A pedestrian / cycle path called The Greenway runs on top of Joseph Bazelgette's Northern Outfall Sewer from Beckton to Hackney Wick via East Ham, Upton Park (for East Ham Jewish Cemetery), Plaistow, West Ham, Stratford, Bow (via Temple Mills) and Hackney.
West Ham player venue
The Black Lion public house was frequented by West Ham United football (soccer) players especially such as Bobby Moore in the 1960s and 70s with several West Ham footballers spotted in the area since occasionally.
Jimmy Akingbola, actor
David Amess, Conservative MP
Honor Blackman, actress, notable for her appearances in the James Bond film Goldfinger and the TV series The Avengers
Sol Campbell, footballer who won 73 caps for England, as well as playing for Tottenham Hotspur and Arsenal
Tony Cottee, ex-West Ham United and England footballer
Ghetto (rapper), grime MC
Colin Lewin, Arsenal and ex-England physiotherapist
Andi Osho, Comedienne, actor, comedy writer, playwright, etc.
Terence Stamp, actor, attended Tollgate Primary School and Plaistow Grammar School
Mumzy Stranger, hip-hop artist