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Outline of Nauru
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Outline of Nauru

The location of Nauru
The location of Nauru
An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Nauru
An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Nauru

The Republic of Nauru is a sovereign island nation located in the Micronesian South Pacific.[1] Its nearest neighbour is Banaba Island in the Republic of Kiribati, due east. Nauru is the world's smallest island nation, covering just , the smallest independent republic, and the only republican state in the world without an official capital. It is the least populous member of the United Nations.

Initially inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian peoples, Nauru was annexed and designated a colony by Germany in the late 19th century, and became a mandate territory administered by Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom following World War I. The island was occupied by Japan during World War II, and after the war entered into trusteeship again. Nauru achieved independence in 1968.

Nauru is a phosphate rock island, and its primary economic activity since 1907 has been the export of phosphate mined from the island.[2] With the exhaustion of phosphate reserves, its environment severely degraded by mining, and the trust established to manage the island's wealth significantly reduced in value, the government of Nauru has resorted to unusual measures to obtain income. In the 1990s, Nauru briefly became a tax haven and money laundering center. Since 2001, it accepted aid from the Australian government; in exchange for this aid, Nauru housed, until early 2008, an offshore detention centre that held and processed asylum seekers trying to enter Australia.[3]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nauru:

Contents


General reference

An enlargeable basic map of Nauru
An enlargeable basic map of Nauru

Geography of Nauru

Environment of Nauru

An enlargeable satellite image of Nauru
An enlargeable satellite image of Nauru

Natural geographic features of Nauru

Regions of Nauru

Ecoregions of Nauru

Administrative divisions of Nauru

Districts of Nauru

Municipalities of Nauru

Demography of Nauru

Government and politics of Nauru

Main article: Government of Nauru and Politics of Nauru

Branches of the government of Nauru

Executive branch of the government of Nauru

Legislative branch of the government of Nauru

Judicial branch of the government of Nauru

Foreign relations of Nauru

International organization membership

The Republic of Nauru is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Nauru

Military of Nauru

Nauru has no regular military forces. Nauru's defense is the responsibility of Australia.

Local government in Nauru

History of Nauru

Main article: History of Nauru, Timeline of the history of Nauru, and Current events of Nauru

Culture of Nauru

Art in Nauru

Sports in Nauru

Economy and infrastructure of Nauru

Education in Nauru

Infrastructure of Nauru

See also

References

External links






Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article



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