Search: in
Nikolai Trubetzkoy
Nikolai Trubetzkoy in Encyclopedia Encyclopedia
  Tutorials     Encyclopedia     Videos     Books     Software     DVDs  

Nikolai Trubetzkoy

Nikolai Trubetzkoy, 1920s.
Nikolai Trubetzkoy, 1920s.
Prince Nikolai Sergeyevich Trubetzkoy (also Trubetskoy; Russian: ; Moscow, April 16, 1890 - Vienna, June 25, 1938) was a Russian linguist and historian whose teachings formed a nucleus of the Prague School of structural linguistics. He is widely considered to be the founder of morphophonology. He was also associated with the Russian Eurasianists.

Trubetzkoy was born into an extremely refined environment. His father, Sergei Nikolaevich Trubetskoy was a first-rank philosopher whose lineage ascended to the medieval rulers of Lithuania. Having graduated from the Moscow University (1913), Trubetzkoy delivered lectures there until the revolution. Thereafter he moved first to the university of Rostov-na-Donu, then to the University of Sofia (1920-22), and finally took the chair of Professor of Slavic Philology at the University of Vienna (1922-1938). He died from a heart attack attributed to Nazi persecution following his publishing an article highly critical of Hitler's theories.

Trubetzkoy's chief contributions to linguistics lie in the domain of phonology, in particular in analyses of the phonological systems of individual languages and in the search for general and universal phonological laws. His magnum opus, Grundz ge der Phonologie (Principles of Phonology)[1], was issued posthumously. In this book he famously defined the phoneme as the smallest distinctive unit within the structure of a given language. This work was crucial in establishing phonology as a discipline separate from phonetics.

It is sometimes hard to distinguish Trubetzkoy's views from those of his friend Roman Jakobson, who should be credited with spreading the Prague School views on phonology after Trubetzkoy's death.

See Also


bn: ca:Nikolai S. Trubetzkoy cs:Nikolaj Sergejevi Trubeckoj de:Nikolai Sergejewitsch Trubetzkoy et:Nikolai Trubetskoi es:Nikol i Trubetsk i eu:Nikolai Sergeievitx Trubetskoi fa: fr:Nikola Troubetzko ko: it:Nikolaj Sergeevi Trubeckoj kk: la:Nicolaus Trubeckoj hu:Nyikolaj Szergejevics Trubeckoj nl:Nikolaj Troebetskoj ja: no:Nikolaj Trubetskoj nn:Nikolaj Trubetskoj pl:Niko aj Trubieckoj pt:Nikolai Trubetzkoy ru: , sq:Nikolaj Trubeckoj sk:Nikolaj Sergejevi Trubeckoj fi:Nikolai Trubetzkoy uk:

Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article

Search for Nikolai Trubetzkoy in Tutorials
Search for Nikolai Trubetzkoy in Encyclopedia
Search for Nikolai Trubetzkoy in Videos
Search for Nikolai Trubetzkoy in Books
Search for Nikolai Trubetzkoy in Software
Search for Nikolai Trubetzkoy in DVDs
Search for Nikolai Trubetzkoy in Store


Nikolai Trubetzkoy in Encyclopedia
Nikolai_Trubetzkoy top Nikolai_Trubetzkoy

Home - Add TutorGig to Your Site - Disclaimer

©2011-2013 All Rights Reserved. Privacy Statement