National Geographic Channel, also commercially abbreviated and trademarked as Nat Geo, is a subscription television channel that airs non-fiction television programs produced by the National Geographic Society. Like History and the Discovery Channel, the channel features documentaries with factual content involving nature, science, culture, and history. The channel is owned primarily by Fox Cable Networks, a division of News Corporation. Its primary sister network worldwide, including the United States, is Nat Geo Wild, which focuses on animal programming, including the popular Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan.
In September 1997, the world's first National Geographic Channel was launched in the UK, Europe and Australia. In July 1998, National Geographic Channel Asia was launched in partnership and distribution with STAR TV (Before replacing NBC Asia Channel. The same happened in NBC Europe's demise in 1998). Today, the channel is available in over 143 countries, seen in more than 160 million homes and in 25 languages.
In the United States, National Geographic Channel, launched on January 12, 2001, is a joint venture of National Geographic Television & Film and Fox Cable Networks. National Geographic provides programming expertise and the Fox Networks Group provides its expertise on distribution, marketing, and ad sales.
In Canada, the channel (National Geographic Channel (Canada)) is owned by Shaw Media and National Geographic Channel USA, while the European versions are operated in partnership with Fox's sister company, British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB), which has since sold to Fox in 2007. This includes an English language version for the UK, Iceland and Republic of Ireland, which is carried on BSkyB's own Sky Digital pay TV service and also on TalkTalk TV in the UK, Sky Digital, UPC, Magnet Networks, SCTV in the Republic of Ireland and Skjarin in Iceland.
In Australia, National Geographic Channel is carried by Foxtel, Optus, Austar, Neighbourhood Cable, TransTV, and SelecTV. The Australian version includes Australian guest presenters of promotional material and to introduce certain programs, series and specials.
In New Zealand, National Geographic Channel is broadcast on SKY Network Television and TelstraClear InHomeTV.
In South Africa, the channel is carried by Digital Satellite Television (also known as DStv) is MultiChoice's multi-channel digital satellite TV service in Africa.
In the Middle East, an Arabic version is broadcasting free to air on Nilesat as National Geographic Abu Dhabi. It is co-owned by the National Geographic Society/Fox International Channels & Abu Dhabi Media Company.
Theme fanfare music
The National Geographic Channel's signature theme fanfare music is composed by Elmer Bernstein, which is usually played at the beginning of many of the channel's television programs.
Other National Geographic Channels
Nat Geo Music
Designed to offer an alternative music video channel for both international and smaller independent local labels with a focus on cultural lyrics and rhythms. Nat Geo Music became available in Italy on October 15, 2007, and will later be broadcast around the world.
Nat Geo Junior
Nat Geo Junior is broadcasted in the Netherlands, Belgium, India and created specifically for children. Nat Geo Junior also features as a block of programming on the National Geographic Channel in Asia.
National Geographic Channel HD
National Geographic Channel HD Logo
National Geographic Channel HD (NGC HD) in the USA is a 720p high definition simulcast of the National Geographic Channel. It launched in January 2006. It is available nationwide on satellite providers DirecTV, Dish Network, and on several cable providers.
In Canada, the Canadian edition of NGC HD launched on December 19, 2006. It is available nationally via the country's two satellite services, Shaw Direct on channel 276 and Bell TV on channel 828, as well as on various digital cable systems.
In Australia this channel has been available on the Foxtel HD+ Service since July 1, 2008.
In Asia Pacific, this channel was the first channel to support 1080i HD and 5.1-channel surround sound. The channel was commercially available in Singapore via StarHub TV Channel 301 on January 18, 2007, followed by Vietnam via Vietnam Multimedia Corporation (VTC). It was also available exclusively on now TV Channel 218 on December 19, 2007 in Hong Kong. Two years later, it became available as part of the initial bouquet of HD channels on Astro B.yond in Malaysia.
In Albania, this Channel has been available since 2007 on Digitalb platform; which is the biggest HD channel broadcaster in east Europe and Balkans with 14 HD channels.
In Poland, this channel is available as of mid-2007 on Cyfra Plus platform with Polish and English soundtrack.
In Israel, this channel is available since late 2007 in HOT (cable) and yes (satellite).
In Slovakia, this channel is available since 2008 in digital TV product UPC Digital.
In Czech Republic, this channel is available since spring 2008 on digital cable from UPC Digital, channel 54. Both Czech and Slovak feeds of NGC HD were transmitted directly from the UK (Sky+ HD) and came with English audio track only (DD/AC3). This was later changed and this countries now have European feed, which is expected to be localized in the Czech language in autumn 2011. Since July 20, 2011, this channel is also available in both countries in Skylink.
In Turkey, this channel is available since 2008 in digital TV product Digiturk.
In Romania, this channel is available since February 1, 2010 on digital cable (DVB-C) from UPC Romania and since June 1, 2010 from RCS-RDS.
In Latin America, this channel is a programming block on the Fox HD channel.
In Greece, this channel is available since December 22, 2010 in NOVA Greece.
In India, this channel is available since April 15, 2011. It can be viewed on Dish TV, Airtel Digital TV, Reliance Digital TV, SUN Direct and Tata(Sky+HD featuring Multilingual support (English, Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu & Kannada), 1080i (Full HD) & 5.1 surround sound.
In Latvia, this channel is available since October 1, 2011. It can be viewed on Lattelecom and many cable networks.
In Iran, this channel is available since October 15, 2011. It can be viewed on W3A - 10721h - Vertical - FEC 2/4.
In Indonesia, this channel is available on Skynindo.
National Geographic Adventure
Nat Geo Wild
Nat Geo Mundo
A channel for U.S. Hispanics includes original programming for the audience. The channel launched in 2011.
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