Mountain Province (Filipino:Lalawigang Bulubundukin) is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. Its capital is Bontoc.
Mountain Province is bounded in the east by Isabela, in the north by the provinces of Kalinga, Apayao, and Abra, in the south of Benguet and Ifugao, and in the west by the province of Ilocos Sur. It has an area of 229,231 hectares with 83% mountainous while 17% make up hills and levels. The province has plenty of rivers, waterfalls, mountains, and caves.
Mountain Province is sometimes incorrectly named Mountain in some foreign references. The name is also incorrectly shortened by locals to Mt. Province, which in turn is read by native Anglophones as "Mount Province". The province was named so for being in the Cordillera Central mountain range found in the upper realms of Luzon island.
Mountain Province was also the name of the historical province that included most of the current Cordillera provinces. This old province was established by the Americans in 1908 and was later split in 1966 into Mountain Province, Benguet, Kalinga, Apayao and Ifugao.
Mountain province is known for its mummy caves which contain naturally mummified bodies which probably became so due to the humid atmosphere. The hanging Coffins are also found in the province, these are literally coffins hanging on to the branches of trees, many tourists claim there is no foul odor, the bodies were probably mummified by the atmosphere according to theory.
People and culture
Mountain Province is subdivided into ten municipalities. The current representative for Congress is Maximo Dalog.
Municipalities of Mountain Province
Based on the 2000 census survey, 52% of the population are Kankana-ey. Other ethnic groups living in the province are the Balangao 13.6%, Ibontoc 12%, and other ethnicity compromise about 21.6% of the province's population.
Unknown to many, Mountain Province boasts a lot of rice terraces such as the following:
- Bangen Rice Terraces - Bauko
- Besao Rice Terraces - Besao
- Bucas Rice Terraces - Besao
- Maligcong Rice Terraces - Bontoc
- Bayyo Rice Terraces - Bontoc
- Bontoc Poblacion Rice Terraces - Bontoc
- Dalican Rice Terraces - Bontoc
- Kiltepan Rice Terraces - Sagada
- Tanulong Rice Terraces - Sagada
- Suyo Rice Terraces - Sagada
- Bulongan Rice Terraces - Sagada
- Bangaan Rice Terraces - Sagada
- Ambasing Rice Terraces - Sagada
- Fidelisan Rice Terraces - Sagada
- Sadanga Rice Terraces - Sadanga
- Focong Rice Terraces - Sadanga
- Natonin Rice Terraces - Natonin
- Barlig Rice Terraces - Barlig
Opposite the rice terraces, the eastern side of low mountains and hills of Paracelis, boasts of rolling terrains of cornfields with good viewing decks on roadside.
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