Search: in
Masbate City
Masbate City in Encyclopedia Encyclopedia
  Tutorials     Encyclopedia     Videos     Books     Software     DVDs  

Masbate City

The City of Masbate (Bikol: Syudad nin Masbate; Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Masbate; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Masbate; Ilonggo: Syudad sang Masbate or Dakbanwa sang Masbate) is a 3rd class city in the province of Masbate, Philippines. It is the capital city of Masbate province. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 81,585 people in 13,400 households.


History of Masbate

The account that "Masbate" was coined after the words "masa" and "bate" remains anecdotal.

The islands of Masbate, Ticao and Burias were explored by Captain Luis Enriquez de Guzman in 1569. This exploration work was continued by Captain Andres de Ibarra. Ibalon (Albay) Province assumed jurisdiction over Masbate Islands, and Masbate was named the town's capital village; for security reasons, the seat of government had to be moved time and time again. It was first moved to Mobo and then again, to Guiom. It was later transferred to Palanog near the mouth of Lumbang River to make it more accessible to Bicol Mainland and to the islands of Burias and Ticao. However, government records were kept inland in Cagay.

The political history of the town dates back to the 1850s when the Spaniards established their government under a Spanish Gobernadorcillo. The Masbate os vassalage to Spain ended sometime in the early part of 1898 as an offshoot of the libertarian campaign waged by General Emilio Aguinaldo.

Sometime after General Aguinaldo inaugurated the Philippine Independence at Kawit, Cavite, he issued a military order to overthrow the Spanish Government in the Visayas and Masbate. General Justo Lucban and General Diego de Dios acted on this order with the help of Masbate o rebels under the legendary Pedro Kipte. The defeat of the Spanish Crown in Masbate could be largely credited to Pedro Kipte. Immediately thereafter, the military government under the Republic of the Philippines was established. But when the American forces reached the Municipality of Masbate in November 1900, it took over the government of Masbate without any resistance from the Masbate os.

After a devastating typhoon in 1908, an Executive Order was passed annexing the Province of Masbate to the Province of Sorsogon. Masbate, by force of circumstance, became a sub-province of Sorsogon until 1922 when its provincial status was restored. Shortly before the restoration of Philippine Independence in 1946, the town of Masbate was established as the provincial capital.

Masbate forms part of the second congressional district. In the mid-90s, the idea of converting the municipality into a city was pushed by 2nd District House Representative Luz Cleta Reyes Bakunawa. Her successor, Congressman Emilio Espinosa, Jr., together with the Municipal Mayor Juan P. Sanchez, Sr. and some local officials and employees took over where she left off. On August 16, 2000, President Joseph E. Estrada signed Republic Act 8807 converting the Municipality of Masbate into a component city. In a plebiscite held later that year, Masbate os voted 7,800-3,200 in favor of cityhood, and on September 30, 2000, the Commission on Elections Regional Office in Region 5 officially proclaimed Masbate as a component city.


Festivals and Events

Pagdayao Festival

This festival honors, praises and give thanks to the City's Patron Saint Anthony of Padua every 13 June of the year.

Lapay Bantigue Dance Festival

It is celebrated annually during the City Anniversary on 30th day of September. This event highlights the traditional folk dance created by "Lola Felisa" many years ago, when she imitated the graceful movement of the seagull (locally known as Lapay). The dance has evolved and is now recognized by the Cultural Center of the Philippines as one of the official folk dances of the country. This dance was also recognized during the Spanish Colonization.

Rodeo Masbate o

It is the only rodeo show in Asia. It is celebrated annually in April and showcase 10 competitive rodeo events. Highlighting this event is the difficult "figure of eight" competition where the cowboy crisscrosses around a group of barrels. Women participate in heart stopping events like calf wrestling, calf lassoing and carambola.

Most Popular Attractions

Pawa Mangrove Nature Park

The city's biggest area of natural mangrove growth. Experience the dramatic scene of the 300 hectares of mangrove plantation along its 1.3 kilometer boardwalk.

Buntod Sand Bar and Marine Sanctuary

The first established marine sanctuary of the city where live hard and soft coral covers highlights the majestic underwater sceneries.

Bugsayon Marine Sanctuary

A 50-hectare marine sanctuary where you can experience to see the amazing live corals and its diverse marine animals.

Coastal Resource Management Interpretative Center (CRMIC)

Being the first of its kind in the Philippines is a great staging point from which you can plan and begin your journey of discovery and exploration of the diverse and amazing natural and cultural wonders of Masbate.

Tatoo Island

Also called as Minalayo Island. It has a number of openings of various sizes that lead to an underground lagoon where sea snakes and bats reigns.


By air

The city is served by Masbate Airport that is located at the city proper. It is served by Airphil Express, Zest Airways and South East Asian Airlines daily from Manila to Masbate vice versa. However, Cebu Pacific will be establishing flights to Masbate within this year due to increasing demand of tourism.

By land

Masbate can be reached from Manila by land through South Road to the Port of Pio Duran, Albay, Pilar, Sorsogon and Bulan, Sorsogon. From there, RORO ship and fastcraft can take you for two hours and fifteen minutes or motorized boat for a three-hour ride t the Port of Masbate.

By sea

Masbate can also be reached through the sea on board in a luxury shipping lines from the Port of Manila.The 18-hour trip is best spent on the ship's bar or in its all night disco. Other sea trips is via Dalahican,Lucena. And to Allen, Northern Samar.

Facts and Figures

Land Use


229.920 has.


15.0515 has.

Fish Pond

252.9759 has.


2813.9192 has.


12479.4661 has.


3005.9483 has.


Dry from March to June and rainy from September to February.

Natural Resources

Abundant in mineral resources such as gold,copper and silver.

Coastal Resources

With about 37.6 kilometers of shoreline, 300 km2. of municipal waters,1240 hectares of mangrove,560 hectares of coral reefs and 400 hectares of seagrasses.


Masbate City has 30 barangays with their following population:

Barangay Description

  • Anas

Anas came from the word Dangas which literally means bald. A native whose hair had seriously thinned out at the pate lived in this place. Dangas later on became Angas and finally Angas became Anas . Anas was established as a barangay in 1880 by the following persons: Vicente Lerit, Lorenzo Verano, Pedro Bello, Juan Cortes and Cornelio Bello. The tenientes who served the barangay in early times were Pedro Bello, Tomas Cortes, Antonio Suplito, Pedro Badillo, Timoteo Asne, Andres Verano, Epifanio Buhion, Felipe Zaragoza, Constantino Zaragoza, Casiano Lerit, Lucio Lerit, Bernabe Asne, Carmelito Cortes and Serapio Serrano. The sitios of Anas are Purang, Cabanatihan, Can-anab and Libas.

  • Ibingay

Barangay Ibingay was originally called Punta Ibingay the name came from the word Bingcay or assorted seashells, which children played with, while their mothers were busy with the entre cuatro or card playing. In 1973, it was renamed Balo or swordfish, the kind of fish often caught by fishermen in Ibingay waters. However, Balo did not stick. People continued to refer to the place as Ibingay . So, today, Ibingay remains as its official name.

  • Asid

Asid, according to the legend, was formerly called Asin . Asid River separates Masbate City from Milagros Municipality. This barangay is known for its bamboo craft. Incidentally, Asid is also the name for the gulf which is a rich fishing ground in the vicinity of Milagros town.

  • B. Titong

Barangay B. Titong was named after Benigno Titong, Jr. who donated the barangay site of B. Titong. His father, Benigno Sr. was a German national who came to Masbate as a trader of lumber. He settled in what is now B. Titong. Formerly the place was called Bugsayon . The barangay was established in 1890. The original families of Bugsayon were the Veranos, Tumambacs and the Titongs. The first Teniente del Barrio was Bernaldo Verano followed by Eulogio Verano, Isidro Verano, Felipe Verano and Mario Verano.

  • Bagumbayan

Bagumbayan was formerly called goma . In time, the place was used by laborers as a temporary corral for cattle while the shippers were waiting for the vessel that would transport the animals to Manila. Later, the laborers called the place Bagumbayan or New Town when transients built their homes near the shore and a community was created. The name goma was forgotten due to disuse. Today, Bagumbayan is bursting at the seams so to speak, because of the influx of people.

  • Bantigue

Bantigue, a barangay across the sea facing the city poblacion is a fishing village founded by the Boholano fishermen who migrated to Masbate sometime in the 50s. Its name was derived from the Borobantigue tree, a specie of mangrove abundantly growing in the Bantigue mudflats in the olden days. Bantigue barangay is better known as the place where the native dance Lapay Bantigue originated.

  • Bapor

Barangay Bapor in earlier times was called Puerto de San Antonio , then it was named Muelle later on, and then renamed Eldorado , because this was the name of the Corporation which bought copra, the bodega of which was called El Dorado. In 1973, it was named bapor because of the ships that dock at Masbate wharf, which is found in the barangay. An incident tells that in 1973, when the barangay officials were deliberating and mulling on the proper name for their barangay, an incoming boat sounded its horn. Then, someone in the group said, Why don t we call this place Bapor and everyone nodded in approval.

  • Batuhan

Barangay Batuhan came from Kabatuhan meaning, where rocks or boulders abound. The locality of this barangay has a large deposit of marble rocks or kabatuhan . It is unfortunate that up to this writing, no effort has been exerted to quarry the deposit of marbles or to exploit the guano (bat droppings) and the edible birds nest from the caves of this barangay. Some of the noted settlers of Batuhan were Lucas Zurbito, Felipe Danao, Pedro Rosero, Venancio Natural, Ambrosio Brioso, Nicolas Danao, Francisco Malunes, Apolinario Ebona and Aproniano Torres. The sitios of Batuhan are Ed-idan, Makalangkag, Kampoon, Bukana, Ilawod, Iraya, Pacil, Kabagohan, and Ubo. The barangay was founded in 1882. With Lucas Zurbito as the first Cabeza de Barangay. The Tenientes del Barrio who were selected by the people through the years were Mariano Cervantes, Toribio Brioso, Onofre Danao, Epifanio Torres, Rufino Cebu, Jose Espinosa, and Agaton Espinosa.

  • Bayombon

Bayombon originated from the term Bayong and Bong. Bayong is a large buri bag, where farmers place the things they bought from Malinta during the market days. Bong is a nickname of endearment for a boy. Daraha tabi an bayong, Bong , or please bring the bag, Bong. Later it evolved into Bayongbong and then Bayombon . Another legend about the name Bayombon tells that it was named baybay sa bobon which refers to the sand in the well. The sitios of Bayombon are Mapugahan and Macawayan. The barangay was established in 1895 by the following families: Bacar, Torres, Guadayo, Andaya, Danao, Recto, Nerza, Francisco and Manlapaz. The Tenientes del Barrio were: Fructuoso Candidato, Eulalio Ramos, Ciriaco Bevantucios, Bibrano Manlapaz, Prudencio Nerza, Heracleo Fermin, Saturnino Tupas, Gaudencio Natural and Cresencio Bacar.

  • Biyong

Biyong came from the native term lambiyong , meaning whirlwind. Biyong is a level land below Igang Mountain. During foul weather, the wind tends to form into a whirlwind, which usually destroys houses and crops. In the course of time lambiyong shortened to Biyong . This is a farming barangay.

  • Bolo

Nipa and Pagbato-on are sitios of Bolo. The barangay was established in 1926 by the following families: Daniel Fernandez, Mateo Fernandez, Julian Antonio, Timoteo Valladores, Emiliano Gutierrez, Hilario Dometita. The barangay captains were Fortunato Flores, Mateo Fernandez, Andres Buhion, Cesario Natural, Enrique Ragaza, Venancio Azuto, and Bino Gutierrez.

  • Cagay

Cagay got its name from the common vine plant called cagay . The vine was used for ropes of carabaos because it is stronger than rattan. The sitios of Cagay are Caly, Tagbon, and Burabod. The barangay was established in 1897 by Telesforo Rejuso, and the families of Dalanon, Espares, Malunes, delos Reyes, Saldivar and Robles.

  • Cawayan Exterior

Cawayanis a Masbate o name for bamboo. Barangay Cawayan Exterior was established in the 1900s. The sitios are: Danao, Bil-at, Lab-ogan and Pocdol. The original families of Cawayan were: Hermogenes Verano, Domingo Bajar, Pedro Cabug, Dionisio Celebre, Basilio Floresta, Pedro Cornal, Pio Cebu, Timoteo Valladores, Regacio Verano, Alberto Cabug and Florencio Fernandez Sr., the father of the governor of Masbate, Jolly T. Fernandez.

  • Cawayan Interior

The barangay is called Cawayan Interior because the place were bounded from coastal to upland west was situated in between Bolo, Batuhan, and Cawayan exterior. Since Cawayan upland is a sitio of Cawayan coastal (Cawayan Exterior), there happened to be an agreement of splitting into two Cawayans. This was them the idea of a certain leader Mr. Florencio Fernandez Sr. soon the official separation was made on October 1966 initiative of them Mayor Juan P. Sanchez Sr. according to sources the barangay was organized sometimes in 1971:kind hearted individuals donated the lot to be the barangay site it was Mr. Leopoldo Brioso who solicited from the late Lope Buncaras Sr. and Antonio Luzanta Sr. to donate. Folks main sources of income were farming left coastal community and settled fishing remained in the coast to fish for a decent living.

  • Centro

Barangay Centro is situated at the center of the City. The first Barangay Chairman was Mr. Agapito Guadayo, Sr. followed by Dr. Antonio Chang and Dr. Ricardo Lazaga.

  • Espinosa

Barangay Talahib, formerly known as Lomboy got its name sometime in 1972, when the late Tito R. Espinosa became the Municipal Mayor of Masbate Town. Talahib was the former Mayor s moniker when addressed by his close associates. Later, Talahib became Barangay Espinosa when an assassin gunned down Tito who died in Quezon City in 1995.

  • F. Magallanes

Barangay Magallanes was formerly called Upa . It was a soggy swampy place but because of the Veloso Rice Mill, which deposits rice hull, the swamp was reclaimed from the sea in the course of time. Eventually, homeless settlers occupied and named the place Barangay F. Magallanes in honor of the late Francisco Magallanes the Mayor of Masbate in 1931, and the father of former Mayor of Masbate Benjamin M. Magallanes who served the town for 25 years.

  • Igang

Igang was named after the sharp stones that litter the area or kaigangan. The sitios of Igang are Cacia, Cabulu-an, Manticaun. Casili, Tuminobo and Buyog. The barangay was established in 1890. The original families of Igang were: Marcos, Pusing, Amaro, Andaya, Dela Pe a, Gamgam, Esquillo and Arciete. The barangay tenientes were: Zoilo Amaro, Nicolas Lupango, Benito Marcos, Macario Senede, and Rencio Presado. Bolo is an Ilongo word which means a small variety of bamboo called Bolo Bagacay which grew abundantly in Bolo before.

  • J. T. Fernandez

JT Fernandez is a poblacion barangay. This barangay was known as barangay Kalipay since the 1973 when the City poblacion was divided into barangays. Kalipay was renamed into JT Fernandez to honor the former OIC Governor and former Assemblyman Jolly T. Fernandez through Resolution No.113-94 by motion of Hon. Esteban G. Almero on December 20, 1994.

  • Kinamaligan

Kinamaligan was an old name. It literally means a camalig or a nipa hut built in the area. Today, Kinamaligan is being urbanized. However, because of the narrow strip between the sea and the roadside, houses are overcrowded. For its expansion, it has to reclaim a generous portion of the sea nearby.

  • Malinta

Barangay Malinta. The name Malinta originated from the root word Linta which means leech a small (about one inch in length and inch in width) blood sucking worm that inhabit the dark but warm forest corridor. When engorged with blood, the worm swells to about two inches in length and a half inch in width. Malinta literally means the place where linta is plentiful. This must have started in the later part of the 1800s when Malinta was still forested. A highland barangay, Malinta is a growing community with 500 households according to the latest Census. During saudan or tiangge (marketdays) Malinta is a center of trade for various goods such as farm products, livestock, fish and assorted commercial commodities. It is a meeting place for minor entrepreneurs and farmers. Juan Villamor was the first Teniente del Barrio of Malinta.

  • Mapi a

Mapi a may have gotten its name from the pi a or pineapple grove planted in the area. Mapi a means the place where pineapple is plentiful.

  • Maingaran

Maingaran probably came about in the 30s when Pio V. Corpuz was a Congressman for Masbate. His residential house was built one hundred meters away from the road. In order to inform his visitors, the name Don Pio V. Corpuz was printed and placed right at the roadside. Since then, the people refer to the place May ngaran which literally means the site where the name was printed. May Ngaran eventually evolved into Maingaran. The sitios of Maingaran are Calpi, Buyog, Pukdol, Bagalihog, Daan-Lungsod, and Panangdangan. The original families were: Julian Casadangan, Antonio Malunes, Lorenzo Malunes, Jorge Malunes, Lutz Radaza, Leoncio Cabatingan, Isidro Villaraiz, Macario Cristobal, Juan Dioquino and Gregorio Sampaga.

  • Nursery

Barangay Nursery, was the original name of the place. Sometime in the 50s, the area was occupied by the Masbate Provincial Nursery under Mr. Romeo Escuadra, Provincial Agriculturist. In the course of time, at the periphery of Nursery, the population grew. In 1973, the place was renamed Acacia , but like Balo the name was not popular. The residents continued to call their place Nursery. So Nursery remains as the official name of the barangay.

  • Pating

Barangay Pating, formerly called ubos elected Natividad Cervantes whose alias was Pating , the first Barangay Chairman.

  • Pawa

Pawa is a Masbate o term for clearing. In the olden days, the place was heavily forested with mangrove trees. The residents decided to cut the trees and created a clearing. They built a cluster of houses and then in the course of time, Pawa community was formed. Boat building and fishing are the major industries of Pawa barangay.

  • Sinalongan

Pawa is a Masbate o term for clearing. In the olden days, the place was heavily forested with mangrove trees. The residents decided to cut the trees and created a clearing. They built a cluster of houses and then in the course of time, Pawa community was formed. Boat building and fishing are the major industries of Pawa barangay.

  • Tugbo

Tugbo Barangay is situated some four kilometers south of Masbate City proper. The legend of the place tells that its name originated from tigbe a kind of wild plant which thrived abundantly in olden days. Tugbo is a fishing community, no wonder then that the Badjaos who came in droves some two years ago had chosen the shoreline of Tugbo as their dwelling place.

  • Ubongan Dacu

Ubongan, on the other hand was named after the portion of the river where residents wade especially during the rainy season when the river swells. Originally, it was ubogan , meaning, where one wades, from the root word ubog or wade.

  • Usab

Usab evolved from the Cebuano word usab which literally means repeat. When the American Liberation Army came in 1945, it is said that a Cebuano farmer had crossed the street and was almost run over by a large army truck. Later, he told the people that he will not cross the street again if there is a vehicle around by saying Dili na ako mo usab paglakaw sa kalsada ug na-ay sakyahan nga mo-agi. The people named the place where the incident happened, Usab . The Barangay is a farming community.


The city is the center of trading activities in the province. It serves as the intra-distributor of almost all commodities being traded to other municipalities in the entire province. Masbate s main products are copra and marine resources such as fish. These are traded to Manila, Lucena, Legazpi, and Cebu cities. Other traded products such as dried fish, crabs, prawn, bangus, livestock, and rice are coming from the neighboring municipalities of Milagros, Baleno, Balud, Mandaon, Aroroy, Mobo, Uson, Dimasalang, Palanas, Placer, Pio. V. Corpus and Cawayan.

The city has existing trading relation with Manila, Cebu, Lucena, Iligan, Roxas, Iloilo, Tacloban, Ormoc, Legaspi, Naga, Daet and Sorsogon. These are the main destinations of the products traded by the city and those of the other municipalities passing through the city s port. Copra, cattle, and aquamarine products are also shipped-out to Metro Manila, Cebu, Batangas and Lucena, etc. Shrimps, crabs and prawns are shipped to Japan, mud crabs to Taiwan, headless squid to USA and Japan, crab meat to USA and scallops to Europe.

The city is importing products mainly from Manila, Lucena, Cebu and Legaspi. These are mostly rice, bakery raw materials, transport vehicles and appliances, farm inputs, construction materials and basic commodities. These are also traded by the city to other municipalities in the whole province.

Educational Institutes

The City of Masbate has several schools, both public and private. Each barangay has its flagship school.

City Hymn


(1st Verse)

Masbate in my mind

Heart of the Philippine isles

For the love of our land and soil

Bloom the flowers of our charm and toil

Protect the wildlife,the seas and trees

Springs of hope,flowing rivers that inspire

For our children now,for tomorrow

Leading to a beautiful dawn


Masbate by the bay

City of hearts of worth and prayer

Loving deeply,living simply

One for peace and harmony

So proud stands the winner by our sweat bless o redeemer

Masbate City 'tis our duty all the

Way to give you glory

(2nd Verse)

Masbate to the fore!

Harbor of talents galore

Keepin' a pace with tech and time

For a healthy life and rhyme

Sun is high,let our dreams come true!

In unity,we achieve with all our might

Smiling people,nature lovers

Marching,unflinching and strong!

(Repeat Chorus)

Masbate city,our pride,our joy

Seat of devotion,poetry in motion

Beat with the City of Hearts ...

Sister cities

Television Networks

Radio stations


External links

zh-yue: bcl:Masbate (Masbate) ceb:Dakbayan sa Masbate de:Masbate City fr:Masbate City ilo:Ciudad ti Masbate id:Masbate City it:Masbate City pam:Masbate Lakanbalen nl:Masbate City pag:Siyudad na Masbate pl:Masbate (miasto) sv:Masbate (stad) tl:Lungsod ng Masbate war:Syudad san Masbate diq:Masbate City

Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article

Search for Masbate City in Tutorials
Search for Masbate City in Encyclopedia
Search for Masbate City in Videos
Search for Masbate City in Books
Search for Masbate City in Software
Search for Masbate City in DVDs
Search for Masbate City in Store


Masbate City in Encyclopedia
Masbate_City top Masbate_City

Home - Add TutorGig to Your Site - Disclaimer

©2011-2013 All Rights Reserved. Privacy Statement