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Mangalagiri

Mangalagiri (Telugu: ) is a town, and a mandal of Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh, India. Mangalagiri is a part of Vijayawada urban agglomeration.[1] It is situated on the Guntur-Vijayawada road, to the south-east of Vijayawada and to the north-east of Guntur City.

Diguva Mangalagiri Temple

Contents


History

Mangalagiri means 'The holy hill'. Near the foot of the stone flight of steps is a stone pillar with a Telugu inscription, recording grants of villages. It is dated AD 1520 and mentions the capture of Kondavidu by Timmarasu, general of Krishna Deva Raya, in 1515 from the Gajapati rulers of Kalinga(ancient Orissa). Another stone near the temple of Garudalvar has inscriptions on four sides recording grants in the reign of Sadasiva Raya of Vijayanagara Empire AD 1538. The lofty gopuram in the temple at the foot of the hill was erected by Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu in 1807-1809,and in terms of sculpture and architecture this temple stands to be an ultimate testimant for the ancient vishwakarma sthapathis in planning and sculpting these temples.

Mangalagiri was under the control of Golkonda Nawabs for a long period. It was plundered by in 1780 by Hyder Ali but could not be conquered. In 1816, a gang of Pindaris again looted the place. It slowly recovered from these two attacks during the time of Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu who ruled the place from Amaravati. There is a big koneru (tank) in the center of the place which went to dry in 1882. As many as 9,840 guns and 44 bullets which might have been related to pindaris have been found here after the pindaris looted this place.

View of Mangalagiri town mangalagiri
View of Mangalagiri town mangalagiri
The picturesque hill was visited by the great Sri Krishna Deva Raya.

Geography

Mangalagiri is located at .[2] It has an average elevation of 29.08 metres (95.4 ft).

Demographics

As of the 2001 India census,[3] Mangalagiri had a population of 61,981. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Mangalagiri has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 59%. In Mangalagiri, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Sacred places

This place is one of the eight important Mahakshetrams (sacred places) in India. The eight places where Lord Vishnu manifested himself are (1) Sri Rangam (2) Srimushnam (3) Naimisam (4) Pushkaram (5) Salagamdri (6) Thothadri (7) Narayanasramam (8) Venkatadri. According to sayings, Thotadri is the present Mangalagiri.

There is an interesting legend to show how the mountain came into existence. The mountain itself is in the form of an elephant. Pariyatra, an ancient king, had a son - Hrasva Srungi. He visited all holy and sacred places to regain normal bodily stature and finally visited this holy place of Mangalagiri and stayed for three years performing penance. All the Devathas (Gods) advised him to stay at Mangalagiri and continue to do penance in praise of Lord Vishnu. The father of Hrasva Srungi came with his retinue to bring his son back to his kingdom. But Hrasva Srungi took the shape of an elephant to become the abode of Lord Vishnu who is locally known as Panakala Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy.

The temple of Sri Panakala Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy is situated on the hill. On the right side of the steps (provided to reach the temple), there is a stone inscription by Sri Krishna deva Raya of Vijayanagar, and a little further up, the foot prints of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu can be seen. Midway up the steps, there is a temple of Lord Panakala Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy; there is only the face with the mouth opened wide. A dhwajasthambham was erected in front of the temple in 1955. Behind the temple, there is the temple of Sri Lakshmi; to the west, there is a tunnel which is believed to lead to the Undavalli caves on the banks of the Krishna River.

The stone inscription of the kings of Vijayanagar relate besides to the conquest of Raya over Kondaplli etc., that Siddiraju Thimmarajayya Devara granted a total of 200 kunchams (10 kunchams make one acre) of land in 28 villages of which Mangalagiri was one and gift of 40 kunchams by China Thirumalayya to Ramanujakutam.

Villages under Mangalagiri Mandal

  • Atmakuru
  • Bethapudi
  • Chinakakani
  • Chinavadlapudi
  • Kaja
  • Krishnayapalem
  • Kuragallu
  • Mandadam
  • Navuluru
  • Neerukonda
  • Nidamarru
  • Nuthakki
  • Pedavadlapudi
  • Ramachandrapuram
  • Yerrabalem
  • Ippatam

Transport

Mangalagiri Railway Station
Mangalagiri Railway Station

Mangalagiri is located on National Highway No.5 that connects Kolkata and Chennai. One can reach Mangalagiri trough on road by a bus either from Vijayawada or Guntur or Tenali. It has also a railway station by the same name in Guntur-Vijayawada section of Guntur division under the South Central Railway. Other modes of transport like a taxi services and auto rickshaws can also be used.

Schools in and around

  • C.K High School (the first High School in Mangalagiri)
  • C.K Junior College (the first Junior College in Managalgiri)
  • V.T.J.M & I.V.T.R Degree College (the First Degree College in Mangalagiri)
  • New Kennedy High School
  • Nagarjuna High School, Pedavadlapudi.
  • Nirmala English Medium High School, Atmakur
  • Aravinda Model School
  • Sri Saraswathi Vidyalaya English Medium School
  • Vani Tutorial College
  • Chaitanya High School
  • Gowtham School
  • Aravinda High school, Kunchanapalli
  • Prabhala Lakshminaraya Memorial Degree College, Opp. ANU Men's Hostel, Nagarjunagar-522510
  • KAMM Jr. College, Opp. ANU Men's Hostel
  • Prabhala PG College for Women, opposite Acharya Nagarjuna University Men's Hostel
  • Nagarjuna public school

References

External links

bpy: it:Mangalagiri pam:Mangalagiri new: ro:Mangalagiri ta: te: vi:Mangalagiri






Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article



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