Search: in
Kumeyaay language
Kumeyaay language in Encyclopedia Encyclopedia
  Tutorials     Encyclopedia     Videos     Books     Software     DVDs  

Kumeyaay language

Kumeyaay (Kumiai), also known as Central Diegue o, Kamia, and Campo, is the Native American language spoken by the Kumeyaay people of southern San Diego and Imperial counties in California. Hinton (1994:28) suggested a conservative estimate of 50 surviving Kumeyaay speakers. A more liberal estimate (including speakers of Ipai and Tipai), supported by the results of the Census 2000, is 110 people in the US, including 15 persons under the age of 18.

Kumeyaay belongs to the Yuman language family and to the Delta California branch of that family. Kumeyaay and its neighbors, Ipai to the north and Tipai to the south, were often considered to be dialects of a single Diegue o language, but the current consensus among linguists seems to be that at least three distinct languages are present within the dialect chain (e.g., Langdon 1990). Confusingly, Kumeyaay is commonly used as a designation both for the central language of this family and for the Ipai-Kumeyaay-Tipai people as a whole. Tipai is also commonly used as a collective designation for speakers of both Kumeyaay and Tipai proper.

Published documentation for the Kumeyaay language appears to be limited to a few texts (cf. Mithun 1999:578).


  • Leanne Hinton. 1994. Flutes of Fire: Essays on California Indian Languages. Heyday Books, Berkeley, California.
  • Langdon, Margaret. 1990. "Diegue o: how many languages?" In Proceedings of the 1990 Hokan Penutian Languages Workshop, edited by James E. Redden, pp. 184 190. University of Southern Illinois, Carbondale.
  • Mithun, Marianne. 1999. The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge University Press.

pms:Lenga kumiai

Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article

Search for Kumeyaay language in Tutorials
Search for Kumeyaay language in Encyclopedia
Search for Kumeyaay language in Videos
Search for Kumeyaay language in Books
Search for Kumeyaay language in Software
Search for Kumeyaay language in DVDs
Search for Kumeyaay language in Store


Kumeyaay language in Encyclopedia
Kumeyaay_language top Kumeyaay_language

Home - Add TutorGig to Your Site - Disclaimer

©2011-2013 All Rights Reserved. Privacy Statement