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Mariinsky Ballet

The Mariinsky Ballet is a classical ballet company based at the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Founded in the 18th century and originally known as the Imperial Russian Ballet, the Mariinsky Ballet is one of the world's leading ballet companies. Internationally, the Mariinsky Ballet is most commonly known by its former Soviet name the Kirov Ballet, a title which is still used by the company when touring. The Mariinsky Ballet is the parent company of the Vaganova Ballet Academy, a leading international ballet school.

Contents


History

Carlotta Brianza and Pavel Gerdt of the Imperial Ballet as Princess Aurora and Prince Desire in the 1890 premiere of the Sleeping Beauty.
Carlotta Brianza and Pavel Gerdt of the Imperial Ballet as Princess Aurora and Prince Desire in the 1890 premiere of the Sleeping Beauty.

The Mariinsky Ballet was founded in the 1740s, following the formation of the first Russian dance school in 1738.

The Imperial Theatre School as it was originally known, was established on 4 May 1738, at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg. It would become the predecessor of today's Vaganova Ballet Academy. The school's founder director was the French ballet master and teacher Jean-Baptiste Land and the purpose of creating the school was to train young dancers to form the first Russian ballet company. The first group of students included twelve boys and twelve girls, who later went on to form what would become the predecessor of today's Mariinsky Ballet.

Very little information exists from the formative years of the ballet company, however it is known that both the school and the ballet company were linked by name, becoming the Imperial Ballet School and Imperial Russian Ballet, names that continued to be used until the abolishment of Imperial rule. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the Imperial Russian Ballet soon rose to prominence and would employ some of the most influential and famous names in ballet history including Charles Didelot, Marie Taglioni, Christian Johansson, Enrico Cecchetti, Jules Perrot, Fanny Cerrito and Carlotta Grisi.

Following the Russian Revolution, the Soviet government decided that the ballet school and company were unwanted symbols of the tsarist regime and went on to close them both. The ballet company was the first to be re-established, becoming known as the Soviet Ballet, with the school re-opening later as the Leningrad State Choreographic School, both remaining in their previous locations.

Following the assassination of the Bolshevik revolutionary Sergey Kirov in 1934, the then Soviet Ballet, was renamed the Kirov Ballet a name which is most commonly used to identify the company to this day. After the end of communist rule, both the ballet company and opera company at the Mariinsky Theatre were linked to the theatre by name, becoming the Mariinsky Ballet and Mariinsky Opera and both companies are run by the theatre itself. Throughout its history, the company has been based at the Mariinsky Theatre, which was originally known as the Bolshoi Kameny Theatre, before it was demolished to be replaced by the existing theatre. This is not to be confused with the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, which is the home of the Bolshoi Ballet.

Despite later name changes and pressures of the Russian revolution, the present day Mariinsky Ballet is still linked to the school, which is now known as the Vaganova Ballet Academy.

Today

Kirov Ballet logo used by Victor Hachhauser, promoting the Mariinsky Ballet in London
Kirov Ballet logo used by Victor Hachhauser, promoting the Mariinsky Ballet in London
The Mariinsky Ballet is today recognised as one of the world's greatest ballet companies, hiring over 200 dancers, including a reserve troupe and character artists. The Director of the Mariinsky Ballet is Yuri Fateyev.

Being modelled on other leading opera/ballet theatres such as the Royal Opera House, London and La Scala, Milan, both the Mariinsky Ballet and Mariinsky Opera came under the management of the Mariinsky Theatre itself, with Valery Gergiev as Artistic Director. He is also the Director of the opera company. Both companies operate as separate units.

Repertoire

Dancers

Principals

  • Yulia Makhalina
  • Irma Nioradze
  • Daria Pavlenko

  • Igor Zelensky

Mila Kokiyich

First Soloists

  • Andrei Batalov
  • Maya Dumchenko
  • Irina Golub
  • Sofia Gumerova (Lazutkina)

  • Anastasia Kolegova
  • Yekaterina Kondaurova
  • Anton Korsakov
  • Ilya Kuznetsov

  • Anastasia Matvienko
  • Olesya Novikova
  • Yekaterina Osmolkina

  • Alexander Sergeyev
  • Nikita Shcheglov
  • Irina Zhelonkina

Second Soloists

  • Timur Askerov
  • Ruben Bobovnikov
  • Nadezhda Gonchar
  • Alexandra Iosifidi
  • Andrei Ivanov

  • Yulia Kasenkova
  • Anton Pimonov
  • Yana Selina
  • Maria Shirinkina

  • Yuri Smekalov
  • Filipp Stepin
  • Alexei Timofeyev
  • Tatiana Tkachenko
  • Andrey Ermakov

  • Elena Yevseyeva
  • Konstantin Zverev
  • Maxim Zyuzin
  • Oxana Skorik

Principal Character Artists

  • Tatiana Amosova
  • Islom Baimuradov
  • Elena Bazhenova

  • Alexandra Gronskaya
  • Lira Khuslamova
  • Soslan Kulaev

  • Vladimir Ponomarev
  • Polina Rassadina
  • Roman Skripkin

  • Yulia Smirnova (Slivkina)
  • Pyotr Stasyunas
  • Andrei Yakovlev

Coryphees

  • Elena Androsova
  • Tatyana Bazhitova
  • Yelizaveta Cheprasova
  • Elena Chmil
  • Yevgenia Dolmatova
  • Xenia Dubrovina
  • Denis Firsov

  • Elena Firsova (Vasyukovich)
  • Karen Ioannisyan
  • Svetlana Ivanova
  • Maxim Khrebtov
  • Anna Lavrinenko
  • Valeria Martynyuk
  • Fyodor Murashov

  • Alexei Nedviga
  • Xenia Ostreikovskaya
  • Alexander Parish
  • Anastasia Petushkova
  • Grigory Popov
  • Dmitry Pykhachov
  • Kirill Safin

  • Sergei Salikov
  • Vasily Shcherbakov
  • Vasily Tkachenko
  • Daria Vasnetsova

Reserve troupe

  • Elena Actrokhan
  • Maria Barkhatova
  • Timofei Belov
  • Alfred Belyaev
  • Andrei Berezovsky
  • Salikh Bikchurin
  • Natalia Bolshakova
  • Maxim Bystrov

  • Kirill Chistyakov
  • Yekaterina Devichinskaya
  • Sergei Dmitriev
  • Maria Doroshenko
  • Alexander Fyodorov
  • Tatiana Goryushkina
  • Yulia Ivanova

  • Larisa Kazakova
  • Igor Khvatov
  • Alexandra Lebedeva
  • Daria Lomako
  • German Pravotorkhov
  • Galina Rusina
  • Sergei Selimagin

  • Yelizaveta Shamatrina
  • Olga Shengelia
  • Oxana Solovieva
  • Daniil Starkov
  • Alexander Tsvetkov
  • Anastasia Yemets
  • Maxim Zubarev

Marius Petipa

For a number of years, Marius Petipa was the ballet master of the Imperial Russian Ballet. One of the most famous names in ballet history, Petipa was the choreographer of some of the best known classical ballets including:

Notable dancers

References

External links

ca:Ballet Imperial de:Kirow-Ballett es:Ballet Mariinski eo:Mariinskij-Baleto fa: fr:Th tre Mariinsky it:Balletto Mariinskij nl:Mariinskiballet ja: ru: sv:Mariinskijbaletten th:






Source: Wikipedia | The above article is available under the GNU FDL. | Edit this article



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