Kanailal Dutta (1888 1908) was a revolutionary in the India's freedom struggle belonging to the Jugantar group. He was born in Chandannagar, West Bengal.
Kanailal Dutta was born in his maternal uncle's house at Chandannagar, West Bengal. His father Chunilal Dutta was an accountant in the naval department at Bombay.Kanailal's early school life was started in Girgaon Aryan Education Society School, Bombay and later he came back to Chandannagar and took admission in Chandannagar Duplex Vidyamandir.In 1908, he gave the BA exam from Hooghly Mohsin College.
During his early college days, Kanailal met with Professor Charu Chandra Roy, who inspired him to join the revolutionary movement during the agitations against the Partition of Bengal. Kanailal also developed a close association with the Gondolpara revolutionary group led by Srishchandra Ghosh, from whom he learnt to use the firearms. During 1905 movement against partition of Bengal, Kanailal Dutta was in the forefront from Chandannagar group.
In 1908, he moved to Kolkata and joined Kolkata based revolutionary group Jugantar. In connection with the Kingsford assassination attempt, Kanailal was arrested on 2 May 1908 and detained in Alipore Jail. There he and Satyendranath Basu (another detainee) were instructed to kill Naren Goswami(a revolutionary turned approver). On 31 August 1908, they carried out their orders and shot him dead inside the jail hospital.
Trial, sentencing and martyrdom
On 21 October 1908, the High Court pronounced its judgment by giving sentence of death to both the accused. Kanailal appeared to be absolutely calm over the event. The sentence was carried on 10 November 1908, in the Alipore Jail at about seven in the morning.