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Jhansi

Jhansi is a historical city of India lying on the banks of Pahuj river. Jhansi is the administrative headquarters of Jhansi District and Jhansi Division. The original walled city grew up around its stone fort, which crowns a neighboring rock. This district is on the bank of river Betwa.
Jhansi city is situated between the rivers Pahunj and Betwa between North longitudes 24 11 and 25 57 and East latitudes 78 10 and 79 25 .It has an average elevation of 284 metres (935 feet).The city has an irregular boundary, northern being contiguous with that of district of Jalaun. In addition, the city is well connected to all other major towns in Uttar Pradesh by road and railway networks. It is about 415 km from New Delhi and 292 km from Lucknow, and is called gateway to Bundelkhand .

The National Highway Development Project has sparked Jhansi's development. The North-South Corridor connecting Kashmir to Kanyakumari passes through Jhansi. The East-West corridor also goes through this city, so there has been a sudden rush to infrastructure and real estate development in the city. A greenfield airport is also on the Anvil.[1]

Contents


Etymology

According to a legend, Raja of Orchha was sitting on the roof of his palace with his friend, the Raja of Jaitpur asked the latter whether he could discern this new fort that he built on Bangara hill, he replied that he could see it 'Jhainsi' (meaning rather indistinct). This 'Jhainsi' in course of time became corrupted to Jhansi. It was one of the most strategically situated forts of central India being built on an elevated rock rising out of the plain and commanding the city and the surrounding country.

History

Jhansi Fort, c. 1857 A drawing of the necropolis of the Maharajahs of Jhansi, 1872

The Muslim governors of the Mughal empire were constantly making incursions into the Bundela country. In 1732 Chhatrasal, the Bundela king, called in the aid of the Hindu Marathas. They came to his assistance, and were rewarded by the bequest of one-third of the Maharaja's dominions upon his death two years later. The Maratha general developed the city of Jhansi, and peopled it with inhabitants from Orchha state. In 1806 British protection was promised to the Maratha chief. In 1817, however, the Peshwa in Pune ceded all his rights over Bundelkhand to the British East India Company. In 1853 the Raja of Jhansi died childless, and his territory was annexed by the Governor-General of India. The Jhansi state and the Jalaun and Chanderi districts were then formed into a superintendency. Rani Lakshmibai, widow of the Raja, protested the annexation because she was not allowed to adopt an heir (as was customary), and because the slaughter of cattle was permitted in the Jhansi territory.

The Indian Rebellion of 1857 accordingly found Jhansi ripe for rebellion. In June a few men of the 12th Native Infantry seized the fort containing the treasure and magazine, and massacred the European officers of the garrison along with their wives and children. Rani Lakshmi Bai put herself at the head of the rebels and died in battle in Gwalior. It was not until November, 1858 that Jhansi was brought under British control. It had been given to the Maharaja of Gwalior, but came under British rule in 1886 as the result of a territorial swap.

Jhansi was added to the United Provinces, which became the state of Uttar Pradesh after India's Independence in 1947.

The fort standing in the hilly area shows that how the North Indian style of fort construction differentiated from that of the South. In South majority of the forts were built on the sea beds like the one at Bekal in Kerala.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, Jhansi has a population of 507,293.
74.82% of the population are Hindu, 14.5% are Muslims, 2.0% are Christians and the rest 1.5 % are Sikhs,Jains,Buddhists.
Jhansi city has 85th rank among the most populated cities of India, according to 2011 Census.
Literacy rate of Jhansi is 83.81% much above the national average.

Jhansi Railway Station
Jhansi Railway Station

  • 2011 Census Total: 507,293
    • Nagar Nigam Total: 470,212
    • Male: 249,592
    • Female: 222,620
    • Cantonment Board Total: 18,582
    • Male: 10,239
    • Female: 8,343
    • Jhansi Railway Settlement Total: 15,499
    • Male: 8,395
    • Female: 7,104

Geography and climate

Jhansi (a view from hill) Jhansi is located at 25.4333 N 78.5833 E. It has an average elevation of 284 metres (935 feet).[2] Jhansi is located in the plateau of central India,an area dominated by rocky reliefs and minerals underneath the soil. The city has a natural slope in the north as it lies on the south western border of the vast Tarai plains of Uttar Pradesh. The elevation rises on the south. The land is suitable for citrus species fruits. Crops include wheat, pulses, peas, oilseeds. The region relies heavily on Monsoon rains for irrigation purposes. Under an ambitious canal project (Rajghat canal), the government is constructing a network of canals for irrigation in Jhansi and Lalitpur and some area of Madhya Pradesh.

Being on a rocky plateau, Jhansi experiences extreme temperatures. Winter begins in October with the retreat of the Southwest Monsoon (Jhansi does not experience any rainfall from the Northeast Monsoon) and peaks in mid-December. The mercury generally reads about 4 degrees minimum and 21 degrees maximum. Spring arrives by the end of February and is a short-lived phase of transition. Summer begins by April and summer temperatures can peak at 47 degrees in May. The rainy season starts by the third week of June (although this is variable year to year). Monsoon rains gradually weaken in September and the season ends by the last week of September. In the rainy season, average daily high temperature hovers around 36 degrees Celsius with high humidity. The average rainfall for this city is about 900 mm per year, observed almost entirely within the three-and-a-half months of the Southwest Monsoon.

Transport

The city is well connected by rail & road transport services.

Railways

Jhansi Junction has its own Division of the North Central Railways. It is well connected by train services to all parts of the country, including 4 metros. There are direct trains to Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata (Howrah), Chennai, Bangalore (Bengaluru), Trivandrum, Indore, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jammu, Lucknow, Bhopal, Mahoba, Khajuraho, Gaya, Jalgaon, Bhusaval, Jabalpur, Kanpur and other major towns. List of all trains passing through Jhansi junction can be found at http://indiarailinfo.com/departures/477 . In the near future, Jhansi is going to be one of the major stations in India. It is known for its excellent connectivity and forteous railway station Jhansi is well known for its railway locomotive works.BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited) is located In the historic City Of Jhansi. Jhansi contains many new railway workshops.It has now become an important railway hub.

Road Transport

The proposed North-south & East-west Corridors of the Golden-Quadrilateral Highway project pass and cross each other in Jhansi only and it is also well connected to Kanpur, Lucknow and Madhya Pradesh by road.The four lane national highway is at the last stage of its completion, giving a boom in infrastructure and other sectors in Jhansi and nearby areas. Moreover, the greenery near the broad and swift highway is very eye catching.

Jhansi is located at the junction of many National Highways. List of National Highways passing through Jhansi :

NH-12A

NH-25

NH-26

NH-75

NH-76

Thus, Jhansi commands a strategic position in the roadways network as highways in 5 different directions diverge from Jhansi.

Air Transport

There is a military aviation base in Jhansi from British era. It is mostly used by the Indian army. Though there are provisions for private aircraft landing, there are no civil aviation operations. The UP government has recently announced the construction of an all new civil aviation base to support tourism in Bundelkhand.[3] Military aviation base is used by the army and army has an objection to extend the existing military aviation base. So, the government has examined three different places other than army aviation base for the airport in Jhansi. It is believed that in the coming 3 4 years, there will be an airport but it will surely take more than 5years but still seeing the requirements there is a need of airport.

Army

Jhansi is the head-quarter of the 31st Indian Armoured Division.
The army is stationed at Jhansi-Babina.
There has been a joint exercise with the Singaporean Army, here at Jhansi when the President of India, Mrs. Pratibha Patil witnessed the feat.
It is an armoured division which consists of many equipments like Stuart tank, M3 Lee and M4 Sherman tank.

Industries

Jhansi is a hub of industrial activities in Bundelkhand and Southern Uttar Pradesh.
Jhansi district is an upcoming industrial region.
Many stone and granite crushers can be easily spotted in the vicinity of the city. Also, refrigeration units and several iron and steel mills are located in the nearby regions.
There are 245 small scale industries in Jhansi city. In addition, there is a major industrial area at Bijholi (Circle 5). Major industrial units include stone crushing units, fabrication units and furnace industries.
Some major industries located in Jhansi are-

  • BHEL Jhansi
  • Heidelberg Cement Factory
  • Baidyanath Factory
  • Government Cotton mill, Jhansi
  • Parichha Thermal Power Plant
  • Indian Hume Pipe Co. Ltd.

Hospitals

Jhansi is a hub for medical care in the Bundelkhand region. It has a Medical College which is being revamped now. The District Hospital has many new facilities to serve patients. There are plenty of private hospitals, especially in the Medical College area. A new government paramedical college is a being set up there.

Government

  • Maharani Laxmi Bai Medical College (Kanpur road)
  • District civil hospital (city)
  • Bundelkhand Ayurvedic college (Gwalior road)
  • Army hospital (cantonment)
  • Railway hospital (near railway station)
  • Cantonment general hospital (Sadar bazaar)
  • Swikrati Singh hospital (on Leher Ki Devi road)

Private:

  • Dr Verma Nursing Home (Manik Chowk)
  • Sanjeevani Hospital (Kanpur road)
  • Kanha Hospital (kanpur road)
  • Homoeopathic Soni Hospital & Research Centre (Shivaji Nagar)
  • Aman Kumar heart care hospital
  • Agarwal Maternity & Nursing Home (Sadar bazaar)
  • Anand Hospital & Urology Research Centre (opp. medical college, Karguvan road)
  • Lifeline hospital (Kanpur road)
  • Happy Family Hospital (Behind Hotel Sita, civil lines)
  • St. Jude hospital (Sipri bazaar)
  • Nirmal hospital (near medical college)
  • Vinayak hospital (behind Yatrik hotel, Elite circle)
  • kailash jain hospital medical collage
  • LRM Jain nursing home (Civil lines)
  • Christian hospital (Jhokan Bagh)
  • Kapoor nursing home. (Elite)
  • Kedarnath Hospital (Medical college road)

Dental Clinics:

  • Dr Dheeraj Kaushik Om Sai Ram Dental Clinic, Near Arogya Sadan Hospital, Awas Vikas.Jhansi
  • Gubrellay Dental Care Centre, In front T.B. Hospital, Jeewan Shah Tiraha, Gwalior Road
  • Dr S.K. Agarwal's Dental Clinic, opposite Suri Automobiles. Jeewan Shah Tiraha. Civil Lines

Educational Institutes

Jhansi has gradually become a major education centre of India. Students from different parts of the country come here for their higher studies. Even foreign students come here for the unique courses available.

University

Government Engineering College

Private Engineering/Professional Colleges

  • Chandra Shekhar Azad Institute of Science and Technology, jail Chauraha, Jhansi
  • S R Group of Institutions Ambabai Jhansi consists 5 institutions, namely:
  • College of Science & Engineering, Jhansi
  • College of Engineering Management & Technology, Jhansi
  • College of Pharmacy, Jhansi
  • College of Professional Studies, Jhansi
  • International Institute of Business Management, Jhansi

Government colleges

  • Bundelkhand University, medical college road
  • Saraswati Pathshala Industrial (SPI) Inter College, Civil Lines,Jhansi
  • Bipin Bihari college, behind Govind Chauraha, Jhansi
  • Bundelkhand Degree college, Elite road, BKD Chauraha, Jhansi
  • Government inter college (G.I.C.), Gwalior road,Jhansi
  • Suraj Prasad Govt. Girls Inter College, Sadar Bazaar,Jhansi
  • Sharda devi degree college of management, Jhansi

Army schools

  • Army school, cantonment area
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
    • Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1, cantt. area
    • Kendriya Vidyalaya No.2, cantt. area
    • Kendriya Vidyalaya No.3 Gulam Gaus road, railway colony
  • DIET (district institute of education & training) Baruasagar, Jhansi

Private schools

  • St. Francis convent (only for girls)
  • Christ the King College [C.K.C] (Only for Boys)
  • Jai Academy,Shivpuri Road(promoted by Dainik Jagran)
  • Jai Kids, Civil Lines,Elite, Jhansi (by Dainik Jagran)
  • Cathedral College, Railway Colony
  • Rani Laxmibai public school
  • Pt.Deendayal Upadhayay Vidyapeeth inter college, Balaji Road
  • St. Francis convent (only for girls)
  • Mahatma Hansraj Modern School, Shivpuri road
  • Sheerwood college, Khati Baba
  • The Woods heritage school
  • St. Mary's Inter College, Maseeha Ganj, Sipri Bazar
  • Sri Guru Nanak Khalsa inter college, Sipri bazaar
  • St. Marks college
  • Modern public school, civil lines (junior)
  • Modern Public School, Kanpur Road (Senior)
  • St. Xaviers college, B.H.E.L Khailar (14 k.m. from main City)
  • B.H.E.L. Shiksha Niketan (B.H.E.L.)
  • Blue Bells school, Rajgarh
  • Sun international school, near R.T.O., Kanpur Road
  • Bal Bharti Public school, Khati Baba
  • Sunny convent inter college
  • Shri Raghuraj Singh inter college, outside Datiya gate
  • Veerangana Jhalkaribai inter college, Khushipura
  • Gyan Sthali public school, Shivaji Nagar
  • Bhani Devi Goyal Saraswati Vidya Mandir inter college, Bala Ji road
  • Maharaja Agrasen Saraswati Vidhya Mandir, Pahuj riverside
  • Sacred heart convent school, Parichha colony
  • C.L. memorial high school
  • Shemford Futuristic school
  • New Era Public School
  • Margaret Leask Memorial Inter College
  • R.N.S World School
  • R.N.S. Education City,Shivpuri road
  • Tender Hearts School, Manaswin Tower road
  • Kidzee, Manaswin Tower(by Zee TV)

Government aided institutions

  • Sri Laxmi Vyayam Mandir inter college
  • Saraswati Vidhya Mandir, outside Datiya gate
  • Sun shine public school, Maharana Pratap Nagar
  • Saraswati inter college, behind St. Jude hospital
  • Hafiz Siddique National inter college
  • Shri Guru Nanak Khalsa inter college
  • St. Judes Inter College

Tourism

Places of interest

  • Jhansi Fort[4]
  • Rani Mahal (Queen's Palace)
  • U.P. Govt. Museum.
  • Maha Lakshmi Temple
  • Leher ki Devi Temple
  • Panchkuian Temple - An old traditional temple, Rani Lakshmi bai used to worship here
  • Gayatri Temple
  • Ganesh Mandir
  • Siddheshwar Temple (Near GIC Gwalior Road) - Built by Pandit Raghunath Vinayak Dhulekar
  • Panchtantra Park (attracting huge crowd)
  • Jhansi Cantt
  • Sadar Bazar market and Manik Chowk market
  • Sarafa Bazaar
  • Parichha Dam [5]
  • Cathedral of St. Anthony, seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jhansi
  • St. Jude's Shrine attracts huge masses of pilgrims and tourist especially in the month of October for St. Jude's feast.

St. Jude's Shrine, Jhansi

  • Bodh Vihar/Lord Buddha Temple, Dharamshala, Kapurtekri Khushipura, Jhansi.
  • Kaimasan Mandir, Bundelkhand University.
  • Sakhi ke Hanuman, a Hanuman temple of Jhansi though temples of other God and Goddesses are also there in its Campus.
  • Karaundi wali Mata Mandir
  • Mahaveeran Wali Mata Mandir
  • Orchha - Historical town, 15 km from Jhansi. Orchha is a nice place to visit. There are a lot of historical temples and Betwa river. The movie Ravan has been extensively shot in orchha.
  • Mau Ranipur - famous for its silk industry.
  • Shiv Temple Garaha Near Bangara 50 km from Jhansi on NH -76

Hotels

  • Hotel Samrat
  • Hotel Sita (three star)
  • Hotel Rahi Veerangana(one star)
  • Hotel Ambrosia
  • Hotel Milan(one star)
  • Jhansi Hotel(three star)
  • Hotel Yatrik(three star)
  • Hotel Tulsi(three star)
  • Hotel Srinath Palace(three star)
  • Hotel Ajay International(two star)
  • Hotel Raj Palace
  • Hotel Chanda(three star)
  • Hotel Dreamland
  • Hotel Rishabh(three star)
  • Hotel Prakash Regency

References

External links


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