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Janjgir

Janjgir is the district headquarters of the district of Janjgir-Champa in Chhattisgarh.Janjgir was made the district on 1997 after it was carved out of Bilaspur.It is well known for its famous Vishnu Temple.Janjgir is undergoing very fast industrial developments and is going to host various thermal power plants in the coming years.Janjgir is well connected to railways and roads.The railway station of Janjgir is called Naila after the portion of the city in which it is located .Though there has been several attempts made by the people to renew its name as Janjgir. Every year,the city organises "Jajwalya Dev Lok Mahotsav",a cultural programme in gratitude of King Jajwalya known to rule the city in ancient times.

Janjgir has been the residence of Miss A.C Funk,a Christian Missionary who lost her life in Titanic.Her house still lies deserted in the city and people often visit the ruins of her house.Further,the Nahariya Baba Temple,a temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman has always been a place of interest for the tourists.Janjgir is connected to major cities like Bilaspur and Raipur through N.H 200.

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Demographics

As of 2001 India census[1], Janjgir had a population of 32,495. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.Janjgir has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 59%, and female literacy is 60%. In Janjgir, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The city has a multicultural mix of locals and people that have migrated from Sindh (Pakistan), Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat, etc.

The main languages spoken are Chhattisgarhi and Hindi, while Sindhi,and English is spoken by only a few.

Schools

  • Gyan Jyoti H S School
  • Sarswati Shishu Mandir
  • Gyan deep School
  • Gyaan bharti school
  • Vivekanand school
  • Nav jyoti H.S school
  • Vande matram School
  • Govt Multi H.S.School
  • Gattani H.S. school St. Xaviers School
  • Hasdeo Public School
  • Green River velly school
  • Gyanodaya School
  • Govt.H.S.School Champa

Colleges

  • Govt. Polytechnic College
  • Govt. P.G. College Janjgir
  • Govt. Minimata Girls College Janjgir
  • AISECT Collage
  • B.Ed collages
  • Pt Harishankar shiksha Mahavidyalaya
  • Gyandeep shiksha mahavidyalaya
  • Gyanodaya Shiksha mahavidyalaya
  • Govt.B.T.I

Vishnu Mandir, Janjgir. Bhima Talab, Janjgir.

  • Keshari Shikshan Samiti B.E.D College Khokhara (Janjgir)

Religious Place

Vishnu Mandir

Twist in the south of Chhattisgarh Jajwly Kalchuri King Bhima Dev, first the edge of the pool was built a temple in the 11th century. The temple is a magnificent example of Indian architecture. Purwabhimuki temple, and is made up of Sptrth plan. Temple is just the top third plane.But not in time. The temple is at a high naturally.

Sculpture - Crafts

Around the temple is very beautiful and Alnkrnyukt Pratimao marking which shows the development of contemporary sculpture. Sanctuary of the goddess Ganga and Jamuna both sides of the entrance with the gatekeeper, Jai - Victory are located. In addition, as the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva statue. Grunasin statue of Lord Vishnu is situated right on it. In either pane of the temple naturally different - different view appears. Archer on a pane Rama, Sita, Laxman and Ravan and deer are engraved. Bhicshatn Ravana and Sita's abduction of the second pane of the scene. Deer killed by Sri Rama and Ravana temple of Sita's abduction by the entrance of the temple scene on both Parshvon two - two pairs of semi-column which is divided into two main sections. Lanbodar and triple-headed crown with the notation of Mammon. Mridngwadini at the pinnacle of the temple, men embrace siren, sword bearer, dancer Mnjugosha, Janjr plays Dewangnaa Hnsavli etc. are engraved. Apply kohl in the eyes of the northern leg of the temple Alsyukt Lilavati, Chanvrdhari Chamara, flute plays Vanshiwadini, Mridngwadini, mirrors, etc. Dewangnaan jurist put the dot is located. Wadini Saraswati veena in the south leg, hairstyle Gumfini, Lilavati, Hnsavli, Maninee, Chamara etc. are located Dewangnaa .

Temple of the northern, southern and western leg of the images recorded in different currencies seekers. In addition, the lower hole located in the northern leg of the statue and entrance face the music society's view of both sides is particularly noteworthy. Temple of the Sun Lord is seated in the rear. Broken statue of a hand, but the shoes Use chariot and seven horses are clear.Similarly, many of the sculptures are inlaid in the walls.The sculptures on the temple walls when the heart has been repaired. Have other artistic sculptures around the temple, including the marking of mainly dwarf Dshawataro of Lord Vishnu, Nrsih, are the idols of Krishna and Rama.Here's gorgeous and artistic depictions of the Ramayana Drishyo 10 to 15 get to see. Despite such a decoration in the sanctum sanctorum of the temple is a statue. This temple is lonely and is craving for a lamp.

Legend

There are many Jnusrutia the temple building. According to a legend, a certain amount of time (some people call this Camasi night) in the construction of the temple of Janjgir Shivrinarayan temple was in the competition. Lord Narayana had announced that a temple would be completed first, they will enter the same. Shivrinarayan before the temple was completed and entered into Lord Narayana. Janjgir temple was left unfinished forever. According to another legend, the temple to temple, including shifts in the competition has been reported. The story told in the nearby Shiva temple is the top part. Another legend is attached to the mighty Bhima, is also prevalent. It is said that the temple pond Bhim Bhima began running five times the shovel was dug. According to legend, Bhim is the architect of the temple. Accordingly, once a night in the temple of Bhima and Vishwakarma was making contest. Bhima then began the construction of the temple. During the temple of Bhim chisel - hammer goes down then the elephant would bring it back. But once Bhim went into the pond near the chisel, the elephant and the morning were not revert. Bhim was very hurt and sorrow of losing the competition he has two pieces of elephant. The temple was left unfinished. Bhim and elephant statue in the temple complex today is fragmented.Vishnu Mandir was built by the kings of the Hayhay dynasty in the 12th century, but did not complete it. The temple was built in 2 phases. The temple is an incomplete temple which can be seen near Bhima Talab. but annie clemmer funk whos lost her life in titanic when she was offerd a seat she refused because woman with her child was also there and there was only one seat left so she gave the seat to both of them thus saving two lives. annie is remembered in the 100th sinking of the titanic.

Hanuman temple

It is famous temple and formally called Nahriya Baba Dham stay at Naila canal railway crossing.

Manka Dai mandir

The Manka dai Mandir is a famous temple in janjgir. On discovering the idol, he started worshipping it and hence attracting public attention. it is situated in a nearby village khokhra. the temple is in only 5 km from janjgir. Keshari B.Ed.College,KHOKHRA (Janjgir)

Transportation

Janjgir is a connected with SEC railway and its railway station is Naila. It is well connected to the rest of the country through the Indian Railways. The station is on the main Mumbai-Kolkata (Calcutta) rail line with daily connections to Mumbai, Kolkata, Pune,Nagpur, Puri, Vishakhapattnam and Ahmedabad. It is also the originating station for daily trains to :

Gondwana Express, Chhattisgarh Express, Korba-Vishakhapattnam Express

Utkal Express,Ahmadabad Experss,Shalimar Express, Etc.

ShivnathExpress,TrivendramExpress (2Days)

Details about railway stations

S.N. Station Name Approximate Distance from District Headquarters

Naila 5km
Champa 9km
Akalatara 16km
Baradwar 25km
Sakti 40km

The city is connected with Mumbai and Kolkata via Bilaspur,Raipur through the National Highway network. Janjgir is on NH-200 connecting Raipur and Raigarh on either side.

Three-wheeled, black and yellow Auto rickshaws, referred to as autos, are a popular form of transport. They can accommodate up to eight passengers. Local transportation also includes manpowered cycle Rickshaws, horse drawn Tongas.

There are regular buses and taxis to all nearby towns and cities. Janjgir aerodrum is Khokharabhatta, 05 km away. It is not served by any scheduled airlines.

Culture

The people of Janjgir also have a great tendency towards adopting new trends and life styles. Janjgir thus is multicultural for people from all over India have come and settled in this region.

The people of this region are very fond of colors. The dresses they wear are very colorful. Women wear sarees with Kardhani. In rural areas women wear mala made of one rupee coins. Though this has gone out of trend these days. The people of this region are also known for creating humour out of language. Comical plays are very popular and are worth watching.

Janjgir is rich in its cultural heritage.Janjgir has its own dance styles, cuisine, music."Raut Nacha" (performed basically by Yadav caste, this folk dance has bagged many awards at state level) and the Panthi and Soowa dance styles.

Hospitals

District Hospital - Neem path, janjgir
Civil Hospital - Champa
CHC - Akaltara 18km

Economy

There are significant lead deposits in the area of Janjgir.Most of the city's workforce is involved in the agricultur industry or in rice or flour milling. There is also some presence of a chemical industry. Major Industries

Thermal power plants
sponge Iron and steel plants
Floor Mills
Water Tank plant
Tasur Cloths
Oil extraction
Soap and others
KSK Mahanadi is asia's largest private thermal power plant with 3600 Mega Watt power Station.

See also

External links

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