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Huelva

Huelva () is a city in southwestern Spain, the capital of the province of Huelva in the autonomous region of Andalusia. It is located along the Gulf of Cadiz coast, at the confluence of the Odiel and Tinto rivers. According to the 2010 census, the city has a population of 149,410 inhabitants. The city has been inhabited since 3000 BC. The town is home to Recreativo de Huelva, the oldest football club in Spain.

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Location and history

Santuario de la Cinta A maritime town between the rivers Anas (modern Guadiana) and Baetis (modern Guadalquivir), it was seated on the estuary of the River Luxia (modern Odiel), and on the road from the mouth of the Anas to Augusta Emerita (modern M rida).[1]

The city may be the site of Tartessus; by the Phoenicians it was called Onoba. The Greeks kept the name and rendered it . It was in the hands of the Turdetani at the time of conquest by Rome, and before the conquest it issued silver coins with Iberian legends. It was called both Onoba Aestuaria[2] or Onuba (used on coinage) during Roman times, or, simply, Onoba.[3] The city was incorporated into the Roman province of Hispania Baetica. The Arabs then called it Walbah and ruled between 712-1250. It suffered substantial damage in the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.

There are still some Roman remains. The city had a mint; and many coins have been found there bearing the name of the town as Onuba.[4] Modern ihabitants are called Onubenses in Spanish.

Mines in the countryside send copper and pyrite to the port for export. From about 1873, the most important company in the area was Rio Tinto, the British mining firm.[5]

During World War II, the city was a hub of espionage activities led by members of the large British and German communities. German activity centered on reporting British shipping moving in and out of the Atlantic. Most famously, the city was the location where Operation Mincemeat allowed a body carrying false information to wash ashore.[5]

The body of Glyndwr Michael, the fictional "Major William Martin, Royal Marines," is buried in the San Marco section of the cemetery of Nuestra Senora under a headstone that reads "William Martin, born 29 March 1907, died 24 April 1943, beloved son of John Glyndwyr and the late Antonia Martin of Cardiff, Wales, DULCE ET DECORUM EST PRO PATRIA MORI, R.I.P."[5] The Commonwealth War Graves Commission in January 1998 added an inscription to the gravestone which reads, "Glyndwr Michael served as Major William Martin."[6] On October 11, 2005, Hurricane Vince made landfall in Huelva as a tropical depression.

Modern Huelva

The local football club, Recreativo de Huelva, is the oldest in Spain. It was founded in 1889 by workers of Rio Tinto Group, a British mining company.

Port

Port of Huelva Park of the Palomas The Port of Huelva is divided in two sectors: the inner port (in the city) and the outer port (the main one)

Inner Port (one wharf). Constructed in 1972, the East Wharf, replaced constructed harbour facilities of inferior quality between 1900 and 1910. At the moment it is the wharf used for smaller traffic including tourist boats.

Outer Port (six wharves). Was built starting in 1965, to the south of the River Tinto.

Demographics

Pablo Rada street Huelva had a population of 149,410 in 2010. The city experienced a population boom in the 19th century, due to the exploitation of mineral resources in the area and another with to the construction of the Polo de Desarrollo in the 1960s. The city had only 5,377 inhabitants in 1787 which had only risen to 8,519 by 1857. From 1887, the city experienced rapid growth reaching 21,539 residents in 1900 and 56,427 forty years later. By 1970 this figure had risen to 96,689. Further rapid expansion occurred and the number of inhabitants had reached 141,479 by 1991.

In the last ten years, immigration both from abroad and from the surrounding area have caused continued growth in the city s population. In 2007, the city reached the 145,000 mark while the metropolitan area was touching 232,000, encompassing the surrounding areas of Aljaraque, Moguer, San Juan del Puerto, Punta Umbr a, Gibrale n and Palos de la Frontera. The 2006 census noted a foreign population of almost 5,000 people in the urban centre, the majority of whom were of Moroccan origin.

Climate

Huelva and its metropolitan area has Subtropical-Mediterranean climate, characterized by very mild and wet winters and long warm to hot and dry summers. The average annual temperature is during the day and at night. The average annual precipitation are 490 mm per year, there are about 50 rainy days per year.

Christopher Columbus

Among the attractions to visit in this province are the Columbus sites. These sites include the city of Huelva itself, Moguer, Palos de la Frontera, and the R bida Monastery. La R bida is where Columbus sought the aid of the Franciscan brothers in advancing his project of discovery. They introduced him to local rich sailors (the Pinz n brothers), and, eventually, arranged a meeting in Seville with Ferdinand and Isabella.

Artists

Museum J.R. Jim nez]], Moguer. V zquez D az]], Fresco in La Rabida Monastery, Palos de la Frontera. The most outstanding artists in Huelva have been: the poet and prize Nobel of Literature Juan Ram n Jim nez, the sculptor Antonio Le n Ortega, the writer Nicolas Tenorio Cerero and the painter Daniel V zquez D az.
Other plastic outstanding artists of Huelva are painting Jos Caballero, Pedro G mez y G mez, Antonio Brunt, Mateo Ordu a Castellano, Pablo Mart nez Coto, Manuel Moreno D az, Juan Manuel Seisdedos Romero, Francisco Dom nech, Esperanza Abot, Jos Mar a Labrador, Sebasti n Garc a V zquez, Pilar Barroso, Juan Carlos Castro Crespo, Lola Mart n, Antonio G mez Feu, Rafael Aguilera and Florencio Aguilera Correa. Miguel Biez, called el Litri is perhaps the town's most famous artist; he was gored in a bullfight in 1929.[5]

Pinz n Brothers]] in Palos de la Frontera, Huelva, Spain Santa Mar a]] ship docked in the "Muelle de Carabelas" in Palos de la Frontera, Huelva

Events

  • Carnaval, fiesta
  • Festival de Cine Iberoamericano de Huelva
  • Fiestas Colombinas, fiesta first week of August
  • Fiestas de la Cinta, between 3 8 September
  • San Sebasti n, festival 20 January
  • Semana Santa (Easter Week)
  • Virgen de la Cinta, fiesta 8 September
  • El Rocio

Nearby

Near Huelva lay Herculis Insula, mentioned by Strabo (iii. p. 170), called by Steph. B. (s. v.), now Isla Salt s.

Twin towns

Huelva is twinned with:

See also

References

Notes

External links

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