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Generalissimo and Generalissimus are military ranks of the highest degree, superior to Field Marshal and other five-star ranks.



The word "generalissimo" is an Italian term, from generale, plus the superlative suffix -issimo, itself from Latin -issimus,[1] meaning "utmost, to the highest grade".

Historically this rank was given to a military officer leading an entire army or the entire armed forces of a nation, usually only subordinate to the Sovereign. Other usage of the rank has been for the commander of the united armies of several allied powers.

List of Generalissimos

Chiang Kai-shek Alexander Suvorov Francisco Franco

Person Service Country Era Notes
Chiang Kai-shek National Revolutionary Army Republic of China 1928 [2] [3]
French Army France 1918 [4] [5]
Army of the Habsburg Monarchy Hapsburg 1625-1630, 1632-1634
Imperial Russian Army Russian Empire 1799
Venezuelan Army Venezuela 1812
Revolutionary Army of Mexico Mexico September 1810 - February 1811
Spanish Armed Forces Spain 1936 [6]
Republic of Cuba Army Cuba 1895
Ihsan Nuri Rebel forces of Kurdistan Kurdistan c.1930 [7]
Charles XIV John of Sweden Swedish Army Sweden 1810-1818, 1813-1814
Soviet Armed Forces Soviet Union 1945 [8]
Kim Il-sung Korean People's Army North Korea 1992 [9]
Kim Jong-Il Korean People's Army North Korea Posthumous 2012 [10]
Prince Michael of Portugal Portuguese Army Portugal 1823
Dominican Army Dominican Republic 1930 [11]
Sun Yat-sen Republic of China 1917-1918, 1922 Technically as Grand Marshal[12] (source does not support this)
Yeon Gaesomun Army of the Kingdom of Goguryeo Goguryeo (Korea) c.642
Mexican Army Mexico 1846-1855 [13]

See also

  • Commander-in-chief
  • Highest military ranks
  • Generalissimus of the Soviet Union
  • Caudillo



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