Emilio Marcos Palma (born January 7, 1978) is an Argentine national who is the first person known to be born on the continent of Antarctica. Emilio weighed 7 pounds and 8 ounces (3.4 kg) when born in Fort n Sargento Cabral at the Esperanza Base near the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula. His father, Captain Jorge Emilio Palma, was head of the Argentine army detachment at the base. While ten other people have since been born on Antarctica, Palma's birthplace remains the most southerly of anyone in history.
In late 1977, then seven months pregnant Silvia Morella de Palma the mother of Emilio was airlifted to Esperanza Base in order to complete her pregnancy in the base. The airlift was a part of the Argentine solutions to the sovereignty disputes over Argentine Antarctica. He was automatically granted Argentine citizenship by the government since his parents were both Argentine citizens, and he was born in the claimed Argentine Antarctica.
By virtue of the British nationality laws at the time of Emilio's birth, he would have right to claim British and British Overseas territory citizenship, as person born in a territory also claimed by Britain, but neither he nor his parent ever filed such a request.
He is featured in the Guinness Book of Records as the first person in history known to be born on the continent. However, Solveig Gunbj rg Jacobsen of Norway, born in the island territory of South Georgia in 1913, is sometimes claimed as the actual first Antarctica birth as that territory being considered part of Antarctica for some purposes.
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