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Eden Gardens

Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India. It is the home of the Bengal cricket team and the Indian Premier League's Kolkata Knight Riders, as well as being a venue for Test, One Day International and Twenty20 International matches.[1] The largest cricket stadium in India and second-largest in the world by seating capacity, it is widely acknowledged to be the most iconic cricket stadium in India. Eden Gardens has been called "cricket's answer to the Colosseum".[2]

Contents


History

Established in 1864, Eden Gardens currently holds 90,000 people[3] [4] following renovations for the Cricket World Cup 2011; a capacity down from an estimated 100,000 before the upgrade. Prior to the 1987 World Cup, the capacity was said to be approximately 120,000; however, no official figures have been recorded.[1] Nevertheless, it remains the second biggest cricket stadium in the world, trailing Melbourne Cricket Ground in Australia. Before 1984 both cricket and derby football matches were played in Eden Garden. The stadium is located in the BBD Bag area of the city, near the State Secretariat and Calcutta High Court. The first recorded Test at the venue was held in 1934, and its first One Day International in 1987.[1] The Hero Cup knockout matches were staged at Eden Gardens, the first matches played under lights at the ground.[5] Sporting floodlights, bowlers deliver from the High Court End or the Pavilion End of a pitch under curator Probir Mukherjee.[1] Eden Gardens is renowned for its large and vociferous crowds. It is said that "a cricketer's cricketing education is not complete till he has played in front of a packed Eden Gardens." The Club House of the stadium has been named as the B.C. Roy Club House, after former Chief Minister of the State of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy. The Headquarters of the Cricket Association of Bengal are also there at the Eden Gardens. The stadium also hosts Indian Premier League matches and is the home venue for Kolkata Knight Riders co-owned by the Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan.

Notable events

  • In 1946, an in-form Mushtaq Ali was dropped from the Indian team selected to play an unofficial test against Australian Services XI. Following crowd protests (with slogans like "No Mushtaq, No Test"), the selectors brought him back to play.[6]
  • Rioting has been seen at the ground during the 1966/67 West Indies and 1969/70 Australian tours.[1]
  • 16 football lovers died in a stampede after a derby league game between East Bengal and Mohun Bagan on 16 August 1980
  • Hosted the memorable World Cup final of 1987 which ended with Australia defeating England by 7 runs.
  • The 1996 World Cup semi-final was called off and Sri Lanka awarded the match after crowd disturbances following an Indian batting collapse. a.[1]
  • During the 2nd final of the 1997 Pepsi Independence Cup, the Test and ODI captains of the Indian cricket team of all time (with a few notable exceptions) were given a lap of honour around the stadium.
  • In 1999, leading Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar was run out after colliding with Pakistan's Shoaib Akhtar. The crowd judged that Akhtar had impeded Tendulkar and rioted, forcing the police to evict the spectators. The match continued in front of an empty stadium.
  • Kapil Dev took an ODI hat-trick against the Sri Lankans in 1991 at the ground.
  • Harbhajan Singh took a hat-trick against Australia in 2000/01 at the ground. He became the first Indian to take a hat-trick in Test cricket.
  • VVS Laxman scored 281 against Australia in 2000/01. This remains the highest score at the ground. Australia were defeated despite holding the advantage for the majority of the game in "the greatest come-from-behind victory of modern times".[1] It was only the third time in Test history that a team had won after being forced to follow on.[7]

  • The top four highest scores in this stadium has in Test cricket has been registered by India scoring 657-7 in 2001, 643-6 in 2010, 633-5 in 1998 and 631-7 in 2011.
  • The most runs here was scored by V.V.S. Laxman(1041 runs), followed by Mohammed Azharuddin(860 runs) and Rahul Dravid(843 runs). The most wickets taken here was by Harbhajan Singh(46 wickets) followed by [Anil Kumble](40 wickets) and [Bishen Singh Bedi](29 wickets).
  • The highest score in ODIs here was made by India, who scored 317-3 in 2009. The second highest score was made by Sri Lanka, who scored 315-6 in 2009, the third highest score was again made by Sri Lanka who were all-out for 309 in 1997.
  • The most runs scored here by a batsman was by Sachin Tendulkar (496 runs), followed by Mohammed Azharuddin (332 runs) and Aravinda de Silva (306 runs). The most wickets taken here was by Anil Kumble and Kapil Dev (14 wickets each), followed by Javagal Srinath (8 wickets) and Ajit Agarkar (7 wickets).
  • VVS Laxman and Mohd.Azharuddhin have scored 5 centuries each at this venue,the last being the unbeaten 176 by Laxman.

Renovation

The ground before Cricket World Cup 2011 renovation Eden Gardens underwent renovation for the 2011 Cricket World Cup.[8] Renovation has been undertaken to meet the standards set by the International Cricket Council (ICC) for the 2011 World Cup. The Cricket Association of Bengal retained the team of Burt Hill and VMS to renovate the Eden Garden Cricket Stadium. The renovated stadium includes a new clubhouse and players' facilities, upgrading the exterior wall to give the stadium a new look, cladding the existing roof structure with a new metal skin, new/upgraded patron amenities and signage, and general infrastructure improvements. In addition to being a stadium set to host the Cricket World Cup in 2011, the structure will also meet the programmatic needs of the regular season and special events.

Due to unsafe conditions arising from the incomplete renovations, the ICC withdrew the India vs. England match from the Eden Gardens. This match, scheduled on 27 February 2011,[9] was played in Bengaluru at M.Chinnaswamy Stadium, which resulted in a tie with both teams making 338 after 50 overs. It remains as the only match to end in a tie after the designated overs.

The stadium hosted the remaining three scheduled World Cup 2011 Matches on 15th, 18 and 20 March 2011. In the last of these three matches (Kenya vs Zimbabwe), the stadium had the minimal ticket-purchasing crowd in its recorded history with 15 spectators having bought tickets.[10]

Cricket World Cup

This stadium has hosted One Day International (ODI) matches during 1987 Cricket World Cup, 1996 Cricket World Cup and 2011 Cricket World Cup

One Day International Matches

List of ODI matches hosted at Eden Gardens.[11]

Team (A) Team (B) Winner Margin Match Date
India Pakistan Pakistan 2 wickets Feb 18, 1987
New Zealand Zimbabwe New Zealand 4 wickets Oct 23, 1987
Australia England Australia 7 runs Nov 8, 1987
India West Indies India 56 runs Jan 2, 1988
India Pakistan Pakistan 77 runs Oct 28, 1989
Pakistan West Indies Pakistan 4 wickets Nov 1, 1989
Bangladesh Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 71 runs Dec 31, 1990
India Sri Lanka India 7 wickets Jan 4, 1991
India South Africa India 3 wickets Nov 10, 1991
India South Africa India 2 runs Nov 24, 1993
Sri Lanka West Indies West Indies 7 wickets Nov 25, 1993
India West Indies India 102 runs Nov 27, 1993
India West Indies India 72 runs Nov 5, 1994
India Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Unknown Mar 13, 1996
Pakistan Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 85 runs May 27, 1997
India Kenya India 9 wickets May 31, 1998
India England India 22 runs Jan 19, 2002
India Australia Australia 37 runs Nov 18, 2003
India Pakistan Pakistan 6 wickets Nov 13, 2004
India South Africa South Africa 10 wickets Nov 25, 2005
India Sri Lanka No result N/A Feb 8, 2007
India Sri Lanka India 7 wickets Dec 24, 2009
Ireland South Africa South Africa 131 runs Mar 15, 2011
Ireland Netherlands Ireland 6 wickets Mar 18, 2011
Kenya Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 161 runs Mar 20, 2011
India England India 95 runs Oct 25, 2011

Twenty20 International Matches

List of T20I matches hosted at Eden Gardens.[12]

Team (A) Team (B) Winner Margin Match Date
India England England 6 wickets Oct 29, 2011

Test Matches

List of Test matches hosted at Eden Gardens.[13]

Team (A) Team (B) Winner Margin Match Date
India England drawn N/A Jan 5-8, 1934
India West Indies drawn N/A Dec 31, 1948 - Jan 4, 1949
India England drawn N/A Dec 30, 1951 - Jan 4, 1952
India Pakistan drawn N/A Dec 12-15, 1952
India New Zealand drawn N/A Dec 28, 1955 - Jan 2, 1956
India Australia Australia 94 runs Nov 2-6, 1956
India West Indies West Indies inns & 336 runs Dec 31, 1958 - Jan 4, 1959
India Australia drawn N/A Jan 23-28, 1960
India Pakistan drawn N/A Dec 30, 1960 - Jan 4, 1961
India England India 187 runs Dec 30, 1961 - Jan 4, 1962
India England drawn N/A Jan 29-Feb 3, 1964
India Australia drawn N/A Oct 17-22, 1964
India New Zealand drawn N/A Mar 5-8, 1965
India West Indies West Indies inns & 45 runs Dec 31, 1966 - Jan 5, 1967
India Australia Australia 10 wickets Dec 12-16, 1969
India England India 28 runs Dec 30, 1972 - Jan 4, 1973
India West Indies India 85 runs Dec 27, 1974 - Jan 1, 1975
India England England 10 wickets Jan 1-6, 1977
India West Indies drawn N/A Dec 29, 1978 - Jan 3, 1979
India Australia drawn N/A Oct 26-31, 1979
India Pakistan drawn N/A Jan 29-Feb 3, 1980
India England drawn N/A Jan 1-6, 1982
India West Indies West Indies inns & 46 runs Dec 10-14, 1983
India England drawn N/A Dec 31, 1984 - Jan 5, 1985
India Pakistan drawn N/A Feb 11-16, 1987
India West Indies drawn N/A Dec 26-31, 1987
India England India 8 wickets Jan 29-Feb 2, 1993
India South Africa South Africa 329 runs Nov 27-Dec 1, 1996
India Australia India inns & 219 runs Mar 18-21, 1998
India Pakistan Pakistan 46 runs Feb 16-20, 1999
India Australia India 171 runs Mar 11-15, 2001
India West Indies drawn N/A Oct 30-Nov 3, 2002
India South Africa India 8 wickets Nov 28-Dec 2, 2004
India Pakistan India 195 runs Mar 16-20, 2005
India Pakistan drawn N/A Nov 30-Dec 4, 2007
India South Africa India inns & 57 runs Feb 14-18, 2010
India West Indies India inns & 15 runs Nov 14-17, 2011

See also

  • List of international cricket centuries at Eden Gardens
  • List of stadiums by capacity

References

External links

bn: de:Ranji Stadium es:Eden Gardens fr:Eden Gardens it:Eden Gardens ml: mr: ta:






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