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John Deere

Deere & Company, usually known by its brand name John Deere (), is an American corporation based in Moline, Illinois, and the leading manufacturer of agricultural machinery in the world. In 2010, it was listed as 107th in the Fortune 500 ranking. Deere and Company agricultural products, sold under the John Deere name, include tractors, combine harvesters, cotton harvesters, balers, planters/seeders, sprayers, and UTVs. The company is also a leading manufacturer of construction equipment and forestry equipment, as well as a supplier of diesel engines and drivetrains (axles, transmissions, gearboxes) used in heavy equipment. Additionally, John Deere manufactures equipment used in lawn, grounds, and turf care, such as walk-behind lawn mowers, zero-turn lawn mowers, lawn tractors, and snowthrowers. To support the core businesses, John Deere also provides financial services and other related activities.

The company's slogan is "Nothing Runs Like a Deere" and has a picture of a leaping deer as a logo,[1] a word play pun on "nothing runs like a deer". Carl Westby is known as the person who coined the phrase "Nothing Runs Like a Deere" for a marketing campaign to sell snowmobiles. The company's products are also easily identifiable by its distinct shade of green paint, usually augmented by yellow trim.

Contents


History

John Deere World Headquarters in Moline, Illinois

19th century

Deere & Company began when John Deere, born in Rutland, Vermont, USA on February 7, 1804, moved to Grand Detour, Illinois in 1836 in order to escape bankruptcy in Vermont. Already an established blacksmith, Deere opened a shop in Grand Detour in 1837 which allowed him to serve as a general repairman in the village, as well as a manufacturer of small tools such as pitchforks and shovels.

What was more successful than these small tools was Deere's cast-steel plow, which was pioneered in 1837. Prior to Deere's introduction of the steel plow, most farmers used iron or wooden plows which stuck to the rich Midwestern soil and had to be cleaned very frequently. The smooth sided steel plow solved this problem, and would greatly aid migration into the American Great Plains in the 19th and early 20th century.

Deere's production of plows began slowly, but increased greatly when he departed from the traditional business model of making equipment as it was ordered and instead began to manufacture plows before they were ordered and then put them up for sale. This allowed customers to see what they were buying beforehand, and word of the product began to spread quickly.

In 1842, Deere entered a business partnership with Leonard Andrus and purchased land for the construction of a new two-story factory along the Rock River in Illinois. This factory, named the "L. Andrus Plough Manufacturer", produced about 100 plows in 1842 and approximately 400 plows during the next year. Despite the success, Deere's partnership with Andrus ended in 1848, when Deere relocated to Moline, Illinois in order to have access to the railroad and the Mississippi River. In Moline, Deere formed a partnership with Robert Tate and John Gould and quickly built a new factory in 1848. Production at the plant rose quickly and, by 1849, the Deere, Tate & Gould Company was producing over 200 plows a month, and a two story addition to the plant was built to allow for further production.

John Deere bought out Tate and Gould's interests in the company in 1853, the same year that he was joined in the business by his son Charles Deere. The business continued to expand until 1857, when the company's production totals reached almost 1,120 implements per month. Then, in 1858 a nationwide financial recession took a toll on the company. In order to prevent bankruptcy, the company was reorganized and Deere sold his interests in the business to his son in law, Christopher Webber, and his son, Charles Deere, who would take on most of his father's managerial roles. The company was reorganized one final time in 1868, when it was incorporated as Deere & Company. The company's original stockholders were Charles Deere, Stephen Velie, George Vinton, and John Deere, who would serve as president of the company until 1886. Despite this, it was Charles who effectively ran the company. In 1869, Charles began to introduce marketing centers and independent retail dealers to advance the company's sales nationwide.

John Deere died in 1886, and the presidency of Deere & Company passed to Charles Deere. By now the company was manufacturing a variety of farm equipment products in addition to plows, including wagons, corn planters, cultivators. The company even expanded into the bicycle business briefly during the 1890s, but the core focus of the company remained on agricultural implements.

20th century

John Deere Plow & Cultivators Co.'s New Orleans House, 1903 Increased competition during the early 1900s from the new International Harvester Company led the company to expand its offerings in the implement business, but it was the production of gasoline tractors which would come to define Deere & Company's operations during the twentieth century.

In 1912, Deere & Company president William Butterworth, who had replaced Charles Deere after his death in 1907, began the company's expansion into the tractor business. Deere & Company briefly experimented with its own tractor models, the most successful of which was the Dain All-Wheel-Drive, but in the end decided to continue its foray into the tractor business by purchasing the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company in 1918, which manufactured the popular Waterloo Boy tractor at its facilities in Waterloo, Iowa. Deere & Company continued to sell tractors under the Waterloo Boy name until 1923, when the John Deere Model D was introduced. The company still manufactures most of its tractors in Waterloo, Iowa.

On an episode of the Travel Channel series "Made in America" that profiled Deere & Company, host John Ratzenberger stated that the company never repossessed any equipment from American farmers during the Great Depression. [2]

A John Deere-Lanz 700 tractor In 1956, Deere & Company bought-out the German tractor manufacturer, Heinrich Lanz AG (see Lanz Bulldog).

21st century

, Deere & Company employs approximately 47,000 people in 27 countries worldwide, including the United States, Australia, Turkey, Canada, United Kingdom, China, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, India, Poland, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Morocco and South Africa, among many others and is the largest agriculture machinery company in the world. Inside the United States, the company's primary locations are its administrative center in Moline, Illinois and manufacturing factories in central and southeastern United States.[3]

Products

John Deere manufactures a wide range of products, with several models of each in many cases. Northern wire LLC of Merrill WI Manufactures many parts for john deere

Agricultural equipment

Agricultural products include, amongst others, tractors, combine harvesters, cotton harvesters, balers, planters/seeders, sillage machines, and sprayers.

File:John Deere 8345 R.jpg|Tractor File:John Deere 9630T Iowa.jpg|Tracked tractor (9630T) File:John Deere 663 front loader, parked.jpg|FEL attachment File:John Deere 2266 Extra 1.jpg|Combine harvester File:JohnDeere7450s.jpg|Forage harvester File:Baumwoll-Erntemaschine auf Feld.jpeg|Cotton harvester File:Sugarcane harvesting equipment Piracicaba 05 2009 5845.JPG|Sugarcane harvester File:JohnDeere 750A.jpg|Seed drill File:John Deere Sprayers.jpg|Field sprayer File:Loading hay bales - geograph.org.uk - 901170.jpg|Telescopic handler File:John Deere Horse Drawn Manure Spreader Canton Michigan.JPG|Horse drawn manure spreader

Construction equipment

The company is also a leading manufacturer of heavy equipment.

File:Excavator (John Deere).jpg|Excavator File:John Deere loader (1).jpg|Loader File:Blair Lakes Range in 1973.JPEG|Tracked loader File:John Deere 110 Backhoe.jpg|Backhoe loader File:2008-08-12 John Deere 280 (right).jpg|Skid-steer loader File:FEMA - 10931 - Photograph by Mark Wolfe taken on 09-16-2004 in Florida.jpg|Bulldozer File:John Deere grader.JPEG|Grader

Forestry equipment

John Deere manufactures a range of forestry machinery, amongst others, harvesters, forwarders, and skidders. Timberjack is a subsidiary of John Deere since 2000.

File:Wheeled Harvester - geograph.org.uk - 511567.jpg|Harvester File:JD kuormatraktori.jpg|Forwarder File:John Deere 648H skidder.jpg|Skidder

Other products

The company is also a manufacturer of consumer and commercial equipment (used in lawn, grounds, and turf care, such as lawn mowers, and snow throwers), as well as a supplier of diesel engines and powertrains (axles, transmissions, etc.) used especially in heavy equipment. Other mentionable products were/are snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, and StarFire (a wide-area differential GPS).

File:Lawn mower.jpg|Lawn mower File:The Gator - geograph.org.uk - 1386833.jpg|UTV (Gator) File:John Deere 3350 tractor cut engine angle.JPG|Diesel engine

Factories

The John Deere Pavilion in Moline, Illinois John Deere factory in Mannheim, Germany New John Deere tractors on a barge, Mannheim Harbour

Major North American factories include:

  • Waterloo Works (foundry, engines, large agricultural tractors, drive trains, service parts, product engineering center) Waterloo, Iowa
  • Harvester Works (large combine harvesters) East Moline, Illinois
  • Cylinder Division (hydraulic cylinders) Moline, Illinois
  • Seeding Group (planting equipment) Moline, Illinois and Valley City, North Dakota
  • Davenport Works (wheel loaders, motor graders, articulated dump trucks, forestry equipment) Davenport, Iowa
  • Dubuque Works (backhoes, crawlers, skid-steer loaders, forestry equipment) Dubuque, Iowa
  • Des Moines Works (tillage equipment, cotton harvesters, sprayers) Ankeny, Iowa
  • Ottumwa Works (hay and forage equipment) Ottumwa, Iowa
  • Thibodaux Works (cane harvesting equipment, scrapers) Thibodaux, Louisiana
  • Horicon Works (lawn & garden and turf care) Horicon, Wisconsin
  • Augusta Works (small commercial and agricultural tractors) Augusta, Georgia
  • Turf Care (Specialty golf equipment and commercial mowing) Fuquay Varina, North Carolina
  • Motores John Deere (Power Systems; 6- and 4-cylinder engines) Torreon, Mexico.

Other important factories:

  • John Deere Usine Saran (Power Systems) Fleury-les-Aubrais, France
  • John Deere Equipment Pvt Ltd (5000-series tractors) Pune, India
  • John Deere Werke Mannheim (6000-series tractors) Mannheim, Germany
  • John Deere Werke Zweibr cken (harvesting equipment) Zweibr cken, Germany
  • John Deere Fabriek Horst (pulled & self-propelled agricultural sprayers) Horst, The Netherlands
  • John Deere Forestry Oy (forwarders, wheeled harvesters) Joensuu, Finland
  • John Deere Reman[4] remanufacturing components for off-highway vehicles: facilities in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (cylinders, axles, transmissions, pumps, hydraulic and powertrain components) and Springfield, Missouri, USA (engines, fuel systems, turbochargers).
  • Sabo (consumer and commercial lawn equipment) Gummersbach, Germany

Subsidiaries and affiliates

  • AGRIS Corporation (John Deere Agri Services)
  • John Deere Ag Management Solutions (intelligent mobile equipment technologies) Urbandale, Iowa
  • John Deere Capital Corporation
  • John Deere Credit[5] (John Deere Credit and Finance) Johnston, Iowa.
  • John Deere Landscapes (landscaping plants, materials, and irrigation equipment)
  • Kemper (row tolerant headers for forage harvesters and combines) Stadtlohn, Germany
  • Waratah Forestry Attachments (forestry harvesting heads) Tokoroa, New Zealand
  • Agreentech
  • NavCom Technology, Inc. (precision positioning systems, see also StarFire) Torrance, California
  • Phoenix International Corporation (ruggedized electronics) Fargo, North Dakota
  • Ningbo Benye Tractor & Automobile Manufacture Co. Ltd. (low HP tractors) Ningbo, China
  • Machinefinder (used equipment division and marketplace)

John Deere Renewables, LLC, a wind energy plant manufacturing arm which represented John Deere's extension into the renewable energy industry - under which it had successfully completed 36 projects in eight US states - was sold to Exelon Energy in August 2010.[6]

Collaborations and partnerships

  • Hitachi Mining Division is the Deere company that sells and services Hitachi Mining Equipment in the Americas.
  • Deere-Hitachi Construction Machinery, located in Kernersville, NC, is jointly owned by Deere & Company and Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., and manufactures hydraulic excavators for the North and South American markets.
  • Deere-Hitachi Specialty Products, located in Langley, British Columbia, Canada, is a joint venture between Deere and HCM that manufactures hydraulic excavator based forestry swing machines for worldwide distribution.
  • Partnership with Bell Equipment of South Africa provides Deere with articulated dump truck technology. In exchange, Bell Equipment manufactures Deere backhoe loaders in South Africa for distribution internationally. Additionally, Bell distributes Deere wheel loaders, crawler dozers, motor graders, and skidders in the South African market.[7]
  • Partnership with Telco Construction Equipment Company, a subsidiary of Tata group in India, to provide backhoe loader technology.
  • Nortrax, Inc. is subsidiary of Deere & Co. and also the largest distributor of John Deere heavy construction equipment in US and Canada.
  • Ashok Leyland John Deere Construction Equipment Private Ltd. is an India-based joint venture with Ashok Leyland to manufacture backhoe loaders for the Indian market.[8]
  • Xuzhou XCG John Deere Machinery Manufacturing Company Limited (Deere-XCG) is a China-based joint venture with Xuzhou Bohui Science and Technology Development Co. Ltd. to manufacture hydraulic excavators for the Chinese market.

Sponsorships

  • John Deere Classic is an American professional golf tournament sponsored by the company.
  • While involved in NASCAR, John Deere sponsored the #23 & #97 for former driver Chad Little.

See also

  • John Deere World Headquarters
  • List of John Deere tractors
  • John Deere Buck

References

External links

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