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Death Row Records

Death Row Records is a record label founded in 1991 by Marion "Suge" Knight Jr. and Andre Young (Dr. Dre). It is known to have been home to many popular West Coast hip hop artists such as 2Pac, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Dr. Dre, Nate Dogg and rap group Tha Dogg Pound consisting of rappers Kurupt and Daz Dillinger also Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes of TLC although most departed from the label after its demise following the murder of Tupac Shakur in 1996.

The collapse of Death Row Records meant its title as a powerful hip-hop label was subsequently revoked despite attempts from the last remaining founder and CEO at the time, Suge Knight, that included signing new talents and releasing many compilations of previously unreleased content recorded by ex-Death Row artists. The label filed for bankruptcy in 2006 and on January 15 of 2009, Death Row Records was successfully auctioned to entertainment development company WIDEawake Entertainment Group, Inc. for $18 million.

Death Row has sold nearly 50 million albums worldwide, and generated close to $750 million in revenue.[1]

Contents


Origins

In the late '80's, producer Andre "Dr. Dre" Young was a member of the gangsta rap group N.W.A., signed to fellow member Eric "Eazy-E" Wright's Ruthless Records. As head of production at the label, Dre produced a large number of Ruthless projects, many of them high-selling; feeling the pressures of having to produce so many acts, Dre became frustrated with Ruthless.[2] After the departure of Ice Cube over financial disagreements with manager Jerry Heller,[3] artist and friend The D.O.C. went over the books with a lawyer. Convinced that Heller was dishonest, they approached Young about forming a label with them, away from Heller and Eazy-E.[4] Allegedly using strong-arm tactics, Knight was able to procure contracts from Eazy for The D.O.C., Dr. Dre and singer Michel'le.[5]

Knight approached successful rapper Robert "Vanilla Ice" Van Winkle, using management connections with rapper Mario "Chocolate" Johnson, claiming Johnson had produced the song "Ice Ice Baby", and had not received royalties for the song.[6]After consulting with Alex Roberts whom sources suggest was Suge Knights connection to the underworld Knight and two bodyguards arrived at The Palm in West Hollywood, where Van Winkle was eating. After shoving Van Winkle's bodyguards aside, Knight and his own bodyguards sat down in front of Van Winkle, staring at him before finally asking "How you doin'?"[6] Similar incidents were repeated on several occasions, including alleged attempts to lure Van Winkle into a van filled with Blood and Crips gang members, before Knight showed up at Van Winkle's hotel suite on the fifteenth floor of the Bel Age Hotel, accompanied by Johnson and a member of the Los Angeles Raiders. According to Van Winkle, Knight took him out on the balcony by himself, and implied he would throw Van Winkle off unless he signed the rights to the song over to Knight; Van Winkle's money helped fund Death Row Records.[6] At one time, Death Row Records was located at the intersection of Wilshire Blvd. and San Vicente Blvd.[7]Knight was seen on several occasions leaving Alex Roberts' home in Malibu. Knight approached Michael "Harry-O" Harris, a businessman incarcerated on drug and attempted murder charges. Through David Kenner, an attorney handling Harris's appeal, Harry-O set up Godfather Entertainment, a parent company for the newly-christened Death Row Records.[8]

International success and controversy

The Chronic

With Kenner's expertise as incentive, Knight began signing young inner-city California artists and arranged for Death Row to handle the soundtrack for the 1992 Laurence Fishburne/Jeff Goldblum film, Deep Cover. The single, "Deep Cover", established Dre as a solo artist and a young Snoop "Doggy" Dogg as his protege. Work soon began on The Chronic, Dre's solo album, which heavily featured Snoop and the rest of the label's core roster. Its singles, "Fuck Wit Dre Day (And Everybody's Celebratin')" and "Nuthin' but a "G" Thang", saw Dre and Snoop responding to Eazy-E and other artists at Ruthless.

The album went on to sell three million records,[9] establishing the west coast in hip-hop and popularizing the distinctive style of g-funk.[10] Continuing to release albums boycotting Dre, Eazy-E claimed the success of the album and its singles netted him nearly as much money as it did Young.

Doggystyle

After finding solo success, Dre began crafting Snoop Dogg's debut album Doggystyle; the process took two years, and Snoop's debut was finally released in 1993 due to public demand and high pressure from retailers. Though unfinished,[11] it outdid The Chronic at four times platinum,[12] and garnered similarly glowing reviews.[13] Soon after the release of the album, controversy began to hit the label; Snoop was charged with murder,[14] fueling the debate that politicians C. Delores Tucker and then-presidential candidate Dan Quayle sparked by denouncing gangsta rap as against American values, encouraging violence towards police officers, and degrading to black women. They used the music and video images of Death Row Records as examples.

Suge Knight's rise and Dr. Dre's departure

Signing 2Pac and Bad Boy feud

By 1995, the label began to flood with Knight's cronies friends and gang members fresh out of jail, as well as off-duty police officers later implicated in the Rampart scandal,[15] working as security. Emboldened, Knight began taking more control of the label and further sought the spotlight, while Dr. Dre receded into the background, shying away from the increasingly violent atmosphere and Suge's newfound volatility. Tucker's pressure to conform extended to a joint proposal by herself and a Warner executive to set up a record label with Knight to put out content-controlled rap music, which Knight billed as a breach of contract,[8] resulting in a switch in distribution from Time Warner to Interscope. At the '95 Source Awards, the Death Row roster's performance garnered a poor reception from the mainly east coast audience; Knight also made comments pertaining to Bad Boy Entertainment CEO Puff Daddy, sparking friction between the two labels (and, later, the two entire coasts). Soon Knight would sign rapper Tupac "2Pac" Shakur, incarcerated on a sexual abuse conviction, after agreeing to post Shakur's bail. At the same time, a rift between Michael and Lydia Harris and Suge and David Kenner began to grow, with the latter pair denying Harris's involvement in the company and refusing to take his phone calls.

Tupac immediately began work on his Death Row album, kicking off his tenure by insulting Notorious B.I.G. and Puff Daddy, who he accused of setting him up to be robbed and shot earlier that year, as well as Bad Boy Entertainment, Mobb Deep and Nas. Tha Dogg Pound's debut album, Dogg Food, continued the label's streak of commercial successes; its members, rappers Kurupt and Daz Dillinger, joined Shakur in ridiculing New York rappers with their single "New York, New York," featuring Snoop Dogg. The video, set in New York City, was also heightened when the set was fired upon in a driveby after Notorious B.I.G. appeared on radio telling listeners "2pac and Dogg Pound were in town making a music video dissing New York" which was not the case. After the shooting fueled by Biggie, Snoop and Dogg Pound decided to take a new turn with the video production and filmed new scenes kicking down building in New York. Jamal Wright did a song dissing Jay-Z called "Fucc New York" on his 1994 debut album called Welcome 2 Tha West. Death Row's reputation began to grow as rumors began to spread in the media about the label. Suge Knight, along with other Death Row associates reportedly beat up a music promoter associated with Bad Boy Entertainment at a Los Angeles party, and forced him to drink Urine.[16] Another report was that Death Row Artist, Sam Sneed, was beaten in one of the label's meetings by a group of Death Row affiliates, led by Knight and Shakur. According to Daz Dillinger, the reason this happened was because Sam Sneed had too many East Coast Rappers in his Lady Heroin music video.[17] Disillusioned with the direction of Death Row, artists RBX and The D.O.C. chose to leave, after which Knight exercised tighter control over the rest of the roster.[8] Dogg Food was not produced by Dr. Dre but was mixed by Dre, a further testament to Young's dwindling involvement with his own label. Though he contributed two tracks to 2Pac's All Eyez on Me, it was mostly produced by Daz and Johnny J despite Dre being nominally titled as Executive Producer. Shakur's behavior reportedly became erratic as he continued verbal wars with Mobb Deep, Nas, Biggie, The Fugees and Jay-Z. Shakur also turned on the label's co-founder and former head producer, Dr. Dre. Shakur was incensed that Dre was getting credit for producing recordings that he had little or no involvement in. In 1996, due to the infighting, Dre left Death Row to form Aftermath Entertainment.

Tupac Shakur's murder and Suge Knight's incarceration

Formerly a united front of artists, Death Row's roster fractured into separate camps. Daz, now head producer, worked on Snoop Dogg's second album Tha Doggfather, which featured Bad Azz and Techniec of his LBC Crew, Warren G and Nate Dogg of his group 213 and Kurupt and Daz of Tha Dogg Pound. 2Pac shut himself into the studio with little-known producers Hurt-M-Badd and Big "D", crafting The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory - unlike All Eyez on Me, it was devoid of high-profile Death Row guest appearances, instead showcasing Shakur's The Outlawz and Bad Azz. Knight was now barely reachable by his staff, and employees were routinely assaulted as punishment for not following orders.[11]

During a trip to Las Vegas for a Mike Tyson fight, Shakur was interviewed on the possibility of Death Row East, an east coast branch of the record label, it was also during this time Alex Roberts and David Kenner had been seen at Knights Vegas Club 662 in discussion about the possibility of having Roberts New York underworld connections help pave the way for Death Row East. Though names from Big Daddy Kane and the Wu-Tang Clan to Eric B. and K-Solo were mentioned, the label would never be formed; three days later, Tupac, Knight and others were caught on surveillance camera at the MGM Hotel-Casino in Las Vegas assailing gang member Orlando Anderson who was a Southside Crip (which was rumored to provide security for Bad Boy Entertainment artists). Later that night, Shakur was shot several times while in a car Suge was driving as they headed to Knight's Vegas Club 662; despite living several days in critical condition, the rapper died on September 13, 1996. Shakur's "Makaveli 7 Day Theory" was released in November just one week before Snoop Doggy Dogg's "Tha Doggfather". Although both albums went to platinum sales in their first weeks on the shelves the impact on Death Row had started to mount; Knight was convicted of parole violation and sentenced to nine years' prison time, causing Interscope to drop its distribution deal with the label.[18] His control over the label diminished, Nate Dogg was able to leave, followed by Snoop Dogg and Kurupt; after the release of his own and the Lady of Rage's solo albums, Daz and Rage followed suit. Jamal Wright left for good in 1999 and Daz would later return in 1999 with Big C-Style to form Dogg Pound Records only to leave again in early 2001. Kurupt returned to the label in 2002 upon Suge Knight's release from prison. The record label was renamed Tha Row.[19]

Death Row in the 2000s

2nd generation exodus

Maintaining artistic control from behind bars, Knight launched smear campaigns against several of his former artists, most notably Snoop Dogg. The label supported itself with releases pulled from vaults most successfully various posthumous 2Pac albums, along with Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg re-releases and then-unreleased compilation records such as Suge Knight Represents: Chronic 2000 and Snoop Dogg: Dead Man Walkin. He signed new talent, including Female Rapper SKG, Crooked I, Lisa "Left Eye" Lopes, Top Dogg and Tha Realest, picking up affiliates Spider Loc and Eastwood. He also appointed former Ruthless Records artist Cold 187um head producer, to oversee the 2Pac album Until the End of Time and unauthorized Dogg Pound release 2002. Despite bad blood, Kurupt would again sign with Suge Knight in exchange for the position of Vice President, which sparked a feud between himself and former friends Daz and Snoop Dogg. Mentoring Crooked I, he began work on Against tha Grain; his verbal feud with his former partners continued from 2002 to 2005.[20] TLC band member Left Eye signed with Death Row after finishing her solo deal with Arista Records who released her first album Supernova in 2001. Lopes joined to record a second solo album under the pseudonym N.I.N.A. (New Identity Not Applicable) she was also working on TLC's new album 3D. N.I.N.A. was cancelled after Lopes's death in April 2002 and TLC went on hiatus. After returning from hiatus TLC decided to finish the album 3D because Lopes had already completed her vocals for four songs, it would be there last album.

After promoting his new talent for years from prison, directing a campaign against his former artists and exacerbating the conflict between Daz and Kurupt,[21] Suge had still yet to release any albums by his living artists. In 2004, adekunle ologbon-ori signed a deal with G-Unit and enjoined a verbal bout with rapper The Game, leaving Knight and Death Row behind. After Kurupt's second departure, Against tha Grain was released; soon after, citing dissatisfaction with serving five years on the label and seeing no release,[22] Crooked I also left Death Row, eventually filing a gag order on Knight to prevent the mogul's interference with his finding a new deal.[23] Petey Pablo, who had signed in 2005 and started the never-released album Same Eyez on Me,[24] left along with rapper Tha Realest[25] in 2006.

Legal troubles

Further legal troubles included Suge Knight's possible implication in the 1996 murder of Tupac Shakur. in Las Vegas, Nevada. A federal informant provided testimony that Los Angeles police officers David Mack and Rafael Perez--both implicated in the Rampart scandal worked as security for Death Row when off-duty, and that they and Suge Knight had conspired to have Biggie killed after a party the rapper attended on the night of his murder. However, testifying in a wrongful-death lawsuit brought by B.I.G.'s mother and widow, he went back on his testimony, claiming it as hearsay.[26] In the same case, a second prison informant named Kenny Boagni claimed that Mack and Perez were indeed on the label's payroll at the time.[27] The case was eventually declared a mistrial, and criminal investigation reopened, though a second suit has thus far brought no claims against Knight directly.

Knight was also investigated in 2005 for paying a man to punch Dr. Dre as he accepted a lifetime achievement award at the 2004 Vibe Awards; though he denies the claim, the assailant apparently told Santa Monica police that Knight offered him $5,000 for the job.[28] A lawsuit was brought against him by Lydia Harris, resulting in a court order to pay her $107 million in profits owed after she'd been forced from the label. The judgment resulted in Knight declaring bankruptcy in 2006, after turning down Warner Music Group's offer to buy at $25 million, and made to auction off all assets of the label.[29]

'06 also saw Dr. Dre bring a lawsuit against the label demanding rights to The Chronic, by reason of unpaid royalties. By 2008, it was reported separately that Susan Berg, president of Global Music Group, bid on the label at auction for $24 million, and that Warner had topped her bid by reiterating its $25 million dollar offer, but neither sale went through;[30] questions regarding Knight's financial status surfaced when he sued Kanye West over a shooting/robbery at the rapper's birthday party.[31]

On January 15, 2009, Death Row Records was successfully auctioned to entertainment development company WIDEawake Entertainment Group, Inc. for $18 million. On January 25, 2009, an auction was held for everything found in the Death Row Records office after the company filed for bankruptcy. Of note was the Death Row Records electric chair which went for $2500.[32]

WIDEawake ownership

Acquisition by WIDEawake

WIDEawake-Deathrow Entertainment LLC, the current holder of the Death Row assets, is a Delaware LLC. An off-shoot of WIDEawake Entertainment Group, Inc., the LLC was formed concurrently when the material and associated rights were acquired in February 2009 by WIDEawake Entertainment Group Inc. Since the acquisition, the company has continued to release material from its vast archives of materials acquired in the sale. Noteworthy releases include previously commercially unreleased material from such artists as Snoop Dogg, Kurrupt, Danny Boy, Crooked I, Sam Sneed, LBC Crew and O.F.T.B. Since the acquisition of the material, WIDEawake-Deathrow Entertainment LLC, under the management of WIDEawake Entertainment Group Inc., has made many positive steps towards improving the image of Death Row by making good on its promise to make royalty payments to many of the various artists, producers, and songwriters with commercially released material under the label.

Releases

Album information
Dr. Dre The Chronic
  • Released: December 15, 1992
  • Chart positions: No.3 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 4x Platinum
  • Singles: "Fuck Wit Dre Day", "Let Me Ride", "Nuthin' but a 'G' Thang"
Snoop Doggy Dogg Doggystyle
  • Released: November 23, 1993
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 6x Platinum
  • Singles: "Who Am I (What's My Name)", "Gin and Juice", Doggy Dogg World
Soundtrack Above the Rim (soundtrack)
  • Released: March 22, 1994
  • Chart positions: No.2 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x Platinum
  • Singles: "Regulate", "Anything", "Afro Puffs", "Part-Time Lover"
Soundtrack Murder Was The Case
  • Released: October 15, 1994
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x Platinum
  • Singles: "Woman To Woman", "Natural Born Killaz", "U Better Recognize", "Murder Was The Case", What Would You Do?"
Tha Dogg Pound Dogg Food
  • Released: October 31, 1995
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x Platinum
  • Singles: "Respect", "Let's Play House", "New York City"
2Pac All Eyez On Me
  • Released: February 13, 1996
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 9x Platinum,[33]
  • Singles: "California Love", "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted", "How Do You Want It", "All Bout U", "Life Goes On", "I Ain't Mad at Cha"
Makaveli (2Pac) The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
  • Released: November 5, 1996
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 4x Platinum
  • Singles: "Toss It Up", "To Live & Die in LA", "Hail Mary"
Snoop Doggy Dogg Tha Doggfather
  • Released: November 12, 1996
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x Platinum
  • Singles: "Doggfather", "Snoop's Upside Ya Head", "Vapors"
Various Death Row Greatest Hits
  • Released: November 26, 1996
  • Chart positions:
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles:
Death Row artists Christmas on Death Row
  • Released: December 5, 1996
  • Chart positions:
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Santa Clause Goes Straight to the Ghetto"
Soundtrack Gridlock'd (soundtrack)
  • Released: January 28, 1997
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: Gold
  • Singles: "Wanted Dead or Alive", "Lady Heroin", "It's Over Now"
Lady of Rage Necessary Roughness
  • Released: June 4, 1997
  • Chart positions: No.32
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Sho Shot", "Get Wit' Da Wickedness"
Soundtrack Gang Related (soundtrack)
  • Released: October 7, 1997
  • Chart positions: No.2 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x platinum
  • Singles: "Made Niggaz"
Daz Dillinger Retaliation, Revenge and Get Back
  • Released: March 31, 1998
  • Chart positions: No.8 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "In California", "It Might Sound Crazy"
Michel'le Hung Jury
  • Released: August 24, 1998
  • Chart positions: No.56 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Hang Tyme", "Can I Get A Witness?"
2Pac Greatest Hits
  • Released: November 24, 1998
  • Chart positions: No.3 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: Diamond
  • Singles: "Changes", "Unconditional Love"
Death Row artists Suge Knight Represents: Chronic 2000
  • Released: April 27, 1999
  • Chart positions: No.11 Billboard
  • RIAA certifications:
  • Singles: "Who Do U Believe In?", "Like It or Not"
Death Row artists Too Gangsta for Radio
  • Released: September 26, 2000
  • Chart positions: No.171 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Thug Nature"
Snoop Doggy Dogg Dead Man Walkin'
  • Released: October 31, 2000
  • Chart positions: No.24 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Head Doctor"
Tha Dogg Pound 2002
  • Released: July 31, 2001
  • Chart positions: No.36 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Just Doggin'"
Snoop Doggy Dogg Death Row: Snoop Doggy Dogg at His Best
  • Released: October 23, 2001
  • Chart positions: No.28 Billboard
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Midnight Love"
2Pac Until the End of Time
  • Released: March 27, 2001
  • Chart positions: No.1 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 3x Platinum
  • Singles: "Until the End of Time", "Letter 2 My Unborn"
2Pac Better Dayz
  • Released: November 26, 2002
  • Chart positions: No.5 Billboard
  • RIAA certification: 2x Platinum
  • Singles: "Still Ballin'", "Thugz Mansion", "Who Do U Believe In?"
Death Row artists 15 Years on Death Row
  • Released: December 26, 2006
  • Chart positions:
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles:
Various Artists Death Row: The Singles Collection
  • Released: June 26, 2007
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Dr. Dre The Chronic Re-Lit
  • Released: September 1, 2009
  • Chart positions:
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: ""
Snoop Doggy Dogg Death Row: The Lost Sessions Vol. 1
  • Released: October 13, 2009
  • Chart positions:
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: "Fallin Asleep On Death Row"
Various Artists The Ultimate Box Set
  • Released: November 24, 2009
  • Chart positions:
  • RIAA certification:
  • Singles: ""
Kurupt Down & Dirty
  • Released: April 9, 2010
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Danny Boy It's About Time
  • Released: April 20, 2010
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles: "All About You"
Crooked I Hood Star
  • Released: June 16, 2010
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Sam Sneed Street Scholars
  • Released: January 25, 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles: "Lady Heroin", "New World Order", "The Exodus"
LBC Crew Haven't You Heard...
  • Released: February 8, 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Snoop Doggy Dogg Three Disc Collection: Tha Doggfather, Death Row: The Lost Sessions Vol. 1 & Murder Was The Case
  • Released: March 8, 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
O.F.T.B. Damn Near Dead
  • Released: July 12, 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles: "Check Yo Hood"
Jewell My Blood, My Sweat, My Tears
  • Released: TBC, October 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:
Jewell Black Diamond
  • Released: TBC, November 2011
  • Chart Position:
  • RIAA Certification:
  • Singles:

On "Record Store Day" April 18, 2009, the label has issued a free Death Row "Record Store Day" CD sampler, which included Petey Pablo's "Pay for the Pussy," Crooked I's "Hoodstar," and Danny Boy's "Do What You Do."[34] On May 14, John Payne announced that the label plans to re-release Dr. Dre's The Chronic. Remastered to work with current equipment, and featuring new songs recorded in the same time frame as the album, the project will be called The Chronic Relit. In addition to this, he announced a competition in which fans may submit verses over Dre production, which will not be featured on the album.[35]

"The Chronic Re-Lit" was released on September 1, 2009. The album contained the original Chronic album re-mastered and 7 bonus songs from the vault by Snoop Doggy Dogg, CPO, Kurupt, Jewell, and more and a DVD containing music videos, a rare Dr. Dre interview, a Dre and Snoop mini movie, and rare 1992 television commercials for the original Chronic release.

"Snoop Doggy Dogg Death Row The Lost Sessions Vol 1"[36] was released October 13, 2009 and contains 15 previously unreleased tracks with 4 being produced by Dr. Dre.

"Death Row The Ultimate Collection"[37] was released on November 24 and was a special box set containing 3 audio CDs (1 greatest hits disc and 2 discs of unreleased content), 1 DVD of music videos which includes the unreleased Dr. Dre music video "Puffin' On Blunts" and a limited edition Death Row T-Shirt. The set boasts over 20 unreleased tracks from the likes of: Snoop Doggy Dogg, LBC Crew, Dogg Pound, Kurupt, Lady of Rage, O.F.T.B., Crooked I, Petey Pablo, J-Flexx, Sam Sneed, Lil C-Style and more.

See also

  • Death Row Records artists

References

Further reading

  • Have Gun Will Travel: The Spectacular Rise and Violent Fall of Death Row Records, Ronin Ro, Doubleday, 1998, 384 pages, ISBN 0385491344
  • Labyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G., the Implications of Death Row Records' Suge by Randall Sullivan, Atlantic Monthly Press, April 2, 2002, 384 pages, ISBN 0-87113-838-7
  • The Killing of Tupac Shakur, by Cathy Scott, Huntington Press, 2002 (2nd ed), 235 pages, ISBN 092971220X
  • Welcome to Death Row, Director: S. Leigh Savidge & Jeff Scheftel, (Video) 2001

External links

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