Dasymeter at standard pressure
Dasymeter at reduced pressure
Historical drawing of a dasymeter (in German: "Fig. 109. Baroscope. (Apparatus for proving the buoyancy of air)")
A dasymeter was meant initially as a device to demonstrate the buoyant effect of gases like air; as shown in the pictures on the right. A dasymeter which allows weighing acts as a densimeter used to measure the density of gases.
Principle
The Principle of Archimedes permits to derive a formula which does not rely on any information of volume: A sample, the big sphere in the images on the right, of known massdensity is weighed in vacuum and then immersed into the gas and weighed again. From the known mass density of the sample (sphere) and its two weightvalues can be calculated the massdensity of the gas:
 \frac { \mbox{density of sphere}} { \mbox {density of gas} } = \frac { \mbox{weight of sphere}} { \mbox{weight of sphere}  \mbox{weight of immersed sphere}}\,
(The formula was taken from the article buoyancy and still has to be solved for the density of the gas.)
Construction and Use
It consists of a thin sphere made of glass, ideally with an average density close to that of the gas to be investigated. This sphere is immersed in the gas and weighed.
History of the dasymeter
Was invented in 1650 by Otto von Guericke. Archimedes used a pair of scales which he immersed into water to demonstrate the buoyant effect of water. A dasymeter can be seen as a variant of that pair of scales, only immersed into gas.
See also
de:Dasymeter el: lb:Dasymeter nn:Dasymeter
