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Copa del Rey

The Copa del Rey () is an annual football cup competition for Spanish football teams. Its full name is Campeonato de Espa a Copa de Su Majestad el Rey de F tbol (Championship of Spain His Majesty the King's Football Cup).

The competition was founded in 1903, thus making it the oldest Spanish football competition. The current holder is Barcelona. The 2011 12 final was at Estadio Vicente Calderon between Athletic Bilbao 0-3 FC Barcelona. Typically, the winner of Copa del Rey goes to the UEFA Europa League; should one of the finalists have already qualified for European competition then the other finalist goes into the Europa League. FC Barcelona has won the cup on the most occasions, with 26 wins.

Contents


History

In 1902, a competition under the name Copa de la Coronaci n, was played after Carlos Padr s, later president of Real Madrid, suggested a football tournament to celebrate the coronation of King Alfonso XIII. Four other teams joined Madrid FC for the competition: FC Barcelona, Club Espa ol de Foot-Ball, New Foot-Ball de Madrid and Club Bizcaya (a team made up of players from Athletic Club and Bilbao FC) which eventually defeated Barcelona in the final. That cup is on display in the Athletic Bilbao museum and the club includes the victory in its honours list. Nevertheless, it is considered only the forerunner of the Copa del Rey and the Royal Spanish Football Federation officially don't recognize it.[1][2]

Copa del Rey was Spain's football National Championship from 1903[3] until the foundation of the Campeonato de Liga League Championship in 1928. It was initially known as the Copa del Ayuntamiento de Madrid (Madrid City Council's Cup). Between 1905 and 1932, it was known as the Copa de Su Majestad El Rey Alfonso XIII (His Majesty King Alfonso XIII's Cup). During the Second Spanish Republic, it was known as the Copa del Presidente de la Rep blica (President of the Republic Cup) or Copa de Espa a (Spanish Cup) and during the years of Francisco Franco's dictatorship, it was known as the Copa de Su Excelencia El General simo or Copa del General simo ((His Excellency) The Supreme General's Cup).[3] Teams from upper and lower divisions play against each other but the number of clubs allowed to participate is restricted.

Athletic Bilbao were declared winners in 1904 after their opponents Espa ol de Madrid failed to show up. In both 1910 and 1913, there was a split among the clubs and two rival associations, the Uni n Espa ola de Clubs de F tbol and the Federaci n Espa ola de F tbol, organised rival competitions, the Copa UECF and the Copa FEF. In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, clubs in the Republican area of Spain entered the Copa de la Espa a Libre, with Levante FC beating their city rivals Valencia CF 1 0 in the final. (Although in 2007 the Congress of Deputies urged Royal Spanish Football Federation to recognise it as a Copa del Rey win for Levante,[4] the governing body of Spanish football has not made a decision yet.)[5] The championship trophy won by FC Barcelona in 1978.

Because of the dispute regarding the 1902 competition, the statistics regarding the leading winners are also disputed. Barcelona have won the Copa 26 times; Athletic Bilbao are just behind, with either 24 or 23 titles, depending on the source. Throughout the history of the competition, there have been 12 actual trophies. Trophies have been permanently awarded to clubs for winning the competition either three times in a row or on five separate occasions and for other special reasons.
Thus, four trophies have been permanently awarded to Barcelona, three to Bilbao and one to Real Madrid. Athletic Bilbao kept the first trophy as inaugural winners, Sevilla FC were awarded the Trofeo del General simo in 1939 and Atl tico Madrid, winners the previous year, were awarded the 11th trophy following the death of Francisco Franco. In December 2010, the cup was given to Sevilla, the 2010 winners, to keep in honour of Spain's World Cup win.[6]

Before the formation of La Liga in 1929, the competition was effectively a national championship. Teams qualified to enter via their regional leagues. Over the years, various formats, including group stages have been used. Unlike the English FA Cup, entry is limited. Only teams from the Primera Divisi n, Segunda A, about 23 teams from the Segunda B and the Tercera Divisi n champions (or runners-up if the champion is a reserve team) are invited to enter. The early rounds are one-off games with teams from the lower divisions given home advantage. The round of 32, the round of 16, the quarter-finals, and semi-finals are played over two legs. The final is a one-off game played at a neutral venue. The winners qualify for both the Supercopa de Espa a and the UEFA Europa League the following season.

The 2011-12 Copa del Rey was scheduled after the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final, as the Royal Spanish Football Federation anticipated the possibility of Spanish clubs meeting in the Champions League Final.[7]

Trophy

On 22 December 2010, at an extraordinary general meeting of the Royal Spanish Football Federation, Sevilla FC requested permission from the Federation to keep the trophy they had won in the 2009 final to commemorate the victory of the Spanish national team at the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa. There had been a precedent for this; Real Madrid were allowed to keep the first Copa de la Rep blica (1936), Sevilla, the first Copa del General simo (1939) and, Atl tico Madrid, the last Copa del General simo (1976).

A new trophy was made by Madrid jeweller Federico Alegre. The trophy, made of silver, weighs and is tall. On 21 April 2011, Real Madrid became the first recipients of the trophy. During the post-game celebrations, the trophy was accidentally dropped at Plaza de Cibeles by the Real Madrid player Sergio Ramos from the top of a double-decker bus, which then ran over it. Ten pieces were found by civil servicemen when they recovered it from the ground. The club received a copy which is displayed at Santiago Bernab u.[8][9]

Winners and runners-up

Club Wins Last final won Runners-up Last final lost
Barcelona
26
2012
9
2011
Athletic Bilbao
23
1984
13
2012
Real Madrid
18
2011
19
2004
Atl tico Madrid
9
1996
9
2010
Valencia
7
2008
9
1995
Real Zaragoza
6
2004
5
2006
Sevilla
5
2010
2
1962
Espanyol
4
2006
5
1957
Real Uni n
3
1927
1
1922
Real Betis
2
2005
2
1997
Deportivo La Coru a
2
2002
0
Real Sociedad
1
1987
5
1988
Arenas
1
1919
3
1927
Mallorca
1
2003
2
1998
Racing de Ir n
1
1913
0
Ciclista
1
1909
0
Celta de Vigo
0
3
2001
Getafe
0
2
2008
Real Valladolid
0
2
1989
Sporting de Gij n
0
2
1982
Espa ol de Madrid
0
2
1910
Osasuna
0
1
2005
Recreativo de Huelva
0
1
2003
Castilla CF
0
1
1980
Las Palmas
0
1
1978
Castell n
0
1
1973
Elche
0
1
1969
Granada
0
1
1959
Racing de Ferrol
0
1
1939
Sabadell
0
1
1935
Europa
0
1
1923
Espanya
0
1
1914
Gimn stica
0
1
1912
Real Vigo Sporting
0
1
1908
Bizcaya
0
1
1907

Real Madrid's reserve team. Reserve teams were banned for this competition for first time in the 1990 91 edition.

Finals

Season Location Champion Runner-up Score
1903 Hip dromo, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Real Madrid 3 2
1904 Tiro de Pich n, Madrid Athletic Bilbao No final
1905 Tiro de Pich n, Madrid Real Madrid Athletic Bilbao No final
1906 Hip dromo, Madrid Real Madrid Athletic Bilbao No final
1907 Hip dromo, Madrid Real Madrid Bizcaya 1 0
1908 O'Donnell, Madrid Real Madrid Real Vigo Sporting 2 1
1909 O'Donnell, Madrid Ciclista Espa ol de Madrid 3 1
1910 Ondarreta, San Sebasti n Athletic Bilbao Vasconia No final
1910 Tiro de Pich n, Madrid Barcelona Espa ol de Madrid No final
1911 Jolaseta, Bilbao Athletic Bilbao Espanyol 3 1
1912 La Industria, Barcelona Barcelona Gimn stica 2 0
1913 O'Donnell, Madrid Racing de Ir n Athletic Bilbao 1 0
1913 La Industria, Barcelona Barcelona Real Sociedad 2 1
1914 Amute, Ir n Athletic Bilbao Espanya 2 1
1915 Amute, Ir n Athletic Bilbao Espanyol 5 0
1916 La Industria, Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Real Madrid 4 0
1917 La Industria, Barcelona Real Madrid Arenas 2 1
1918 O'Donnell, Madrid Real Uni n Real Madrid 2 0
1919 Mart nez Campos, Madrid Arenas Barcelona 5 2
1920 El Molin n, Gij n Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 2 0
1921 San Mam s, Bilbao Athletic Bilbao Atl tico Madrid 4 1
1922 Coia, Vigo Barcelona Real Uni n 5 1
1923 Les Corts, Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Europa 1 0
1924 Atotxa, San Sebasti n Real Uni n Real Madrid 1 0
1925 Reina Victoria, Sevilla Barcelona Arenas 2 0
1926 Mestalla, Valencia Barcelona Atl tico Madrid 3 2
1927 Torreo, Zaragoza Real Uni n Arenas 1 0
1928 El Sardinero, Santander Barcelona Real Sociedad 3 1
1929 Mestalla, Valencia Espanyol Real Madrid 2 1
1930 Montju c, Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Real Madrid 3 2
1931 Chamart n, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Real Betis 3 1
1932 Chamart n, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Barcelona 1 0
1933 Montju c, Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Real Madrid 2 1
1934 Montju c, Barcelona Real Madrid Valencia 2 1
1935 Chamart n, Madrid Sevilla Sabadell 3 0
1936 Mestalla, Valencia Real Madrid Barcelona 2 1
1939 Montju c, Barcelona Sevilla Racing de Ferrol 6 2
1940 Chamart n, Madrid Espanyol Real Madrid 3 2
1941 Chamart n, Madrid Valencia Espanyol 3 1
1942 Chamart n, Madrid Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 4 3
1943 Chamart n, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Real Madrid 1 0
1944 Montju c, Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Valencia 2 0
1945 Montju c, Barcelona Athletic Bilbao Valencia 3 2
1946 Montju c, Barcelona Real Madrid Valencia 3 1
1947 Riazor, A Coru a Real Madrid Espanyol 2 0
1948 Chamart n, Madrid Sevilla Celta Vigo 4 1
1949 Chamart n, Madrid Valencia Athletic Bilbao 1 0
1950 Chamart n, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Real Valladolid 4 1
1951 Chamart n, Madrid Barcelona Real Sociedad 3 0
1952 Chamart n, Madrid Barcelona Valencia 4 2
1953 Chamart n, Madrid Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 2 1
1954 Chamart n, Madrid Valencia Barcelona 3 0
1955 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Sevilla 1 0
1956 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Atl tico Madrid 2 1
1957 Montju c, Barcelona Barcelona Espanyol 1 0
1958 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Real Madrid 2 0
1959 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Barcelona Granada 4 1
1960 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Atl tico Madrid Real Madrid 3 1
1961 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Atl tico Madrid Real Madrid 3 2
1962 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Real Madrid Sevilla 2 1
1963 Camp Nou, Barcelona Barcelona Real Zaragoza 3 1
1964 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Real Zaragoza Atl tico Madrid 2 1
1965 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Atl tico Madrid Real Zaragoza 1 0
1966 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Real Zaragoza Athletic Bilbao 2 0
1967 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Valencia Athletic Bilbao 2 1
1968 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Barcelona Real Madrid 1 0
1969 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Elche 1 0
1970 Camp Nou, Barcelona Real Madrid Valencia 3 1
1971 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Barcelona Valencia 4 3
1972 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Atl tico Madrid Valencia 2 1
1973 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Castell n 2 0
1974 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Real Madrid Barcelona 4 0
1975 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Real Madrid Atl tico Madrid 0 0 (penalties, 4 3)
1976 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Atl tico Madrid Real Zaragoza 1 0
1977 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Real Betis Athletic Bilbao 2 2 (penalties, 8 7)
1978 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Barcelona Las Palmas 3 1
1979 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Valencia Real Madrid 2 0
1980 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Real Madrid Real Madrid Castilla 6 1
1981 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Barcelona Sporting de Gij n 3 1
1982 Jos Zorrilla, Valladolid Real Madrid Sporting de Gij n 2 1
1983 La Romareda, Zaragoza Barcelona Real Madrid 2 1
1984 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Athletic Bilbao Barcelona 1 0
1985 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Atl tico Madrid Athletic Bilbao 2 1
1986 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Real Zaragoza Barcelona 1 0
1987 La Romareda, Zaragoza Real Sociedad Atl tico Madrid 2 2 (penalties, 4 2)
1988 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Barcelona Real Sociedad 1 0
1989 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Real Madrid Real Valladolid 1 0
1990 Luis Casanova, Valencia Barcelona Real Madrid 2 0
1991 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Atl tico Madrid Mallorca 1 0
1992 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Atl tico Madrid Real Madrid 2 0
1993 Luis Casanova, Valencia Real Madrid Real Zaragoza 2 0
1994 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Real Zaragoza Celta Vigo 0 0 (penalties, 5 4)
1995 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Deportivo La Coru a Valencia 2 1
1996 La Romareda, Zaragoza Atl tico Madrid Barcelona 1 0 (aet)
1997 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Barcelona Real Betis 3 2 (aet)
1998 Mestalla, Valencia Barcelona Mallorca 1 1 (penalties, 5 4)
1999 La Cartuja, Seville Valencia Atl tico Madrid 3 0
2000 Mestalla, Valencia Espanyol Atl tico Madrid 2 1
2001 La Cartuja, Sevilla Real Zaragoza Celta Vigo 3 1
2002 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Deportivo La Coru a Real Madrid 2 1
2003 Mart nez Valero, Elche Mallorca Recreativo de Huelva 3 0
2004 Llu s Companys, Barcelona Zaragoza Real Madrid 3 2 (aet)
2005 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Real Betis Osasuna 2 1 (aet)
2006 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Espanyol Real Zaragoza 4 1
2007 Santiago Bernab u, Madrid Sevilla Getafe 1 0
2008 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Valencia Getafe 3 1
2009 Mestalla, Valencia Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 4 1
2010 Camp Nou, Barcelona Sevilla Atl tico Madrid 2 0
2011 Mestalla, Valencia Real Madrid Barcelona 1 0 (aet)
2012 Vicente Calder n, Madrid Barcelona Athletic Bilbao 3 0

Club name changes

Real Madrid were originally known as Madrid FC and did not add the Real until 1920. During the Second Spanish Republic, the club dropped Real from their name. In 1941, a decree issued by Francisco Franco banned the use of non-Spanish language names. FC Barcelona and Sevilla FC became CF Barcelona and Sevilla CF and Athletic Bilbao had to change the spelling of their prefix to Atl tico. (These changes were reverted after Franco's death.) RCD Espanyol were known as RCD Espa ol until 1995.

Other Copas del Rey

(Includes Copa de la Reina trophies, for women's tournaments.)

  • Women's football - Copa de la Reina de F tbol
  • Basketball - Copa del Rey de Baloncesto for men and Copa de la Reina de Baloncesto for women.
  • Handball - Copa del Rey de Balonmano for men and Copa de la Reina de Balonmano for women.

References

ar: an:Copa d'o Rei de F tbol az: spaniya Kral Kuboku be-x-old: bg: ( ) ca:Copa del Rei de futbol cs:Copa del Rey da:Copa del Rey de:Copa del Rey et:Copa del Rey el: es:Copa del Rey eo:Copa del Rey eu:Futboleko Espainiako Errege Kopa fa: fr:Coupe du Roi de football gl:Copa do Rei de f tbol ko: hy: hr:Kup kralja id:Piala Raja Spanyol it:Copa del Rey he: ka: lv:Sp nijas Kara a kauss lt:Ispanijos futbolo taur hu:Spanyol labdar g kupa ml: nl:Copa del Rey ja: no:Copa del Rey uz:Copa del Rey pl:Puchar Kr la pt:Copa do Rei da Espanha ro:Copa del Rey ru: sq:Copa del Rey simple:Copa del Rey sk:Copa del Rey sr: fi:Copa del Rey sv:Copa del Rey th: tr: spanya Kral Kupas uk: vi:C p Nh vua T y Ban Nha zh:






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