The Bogo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves:
- 1. d4 Nf6
- 2. c4 e6
- 3. Nf3 Bb4+
The position arising after 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 is common. The traditional move for White here is 3.Nc3, threatening to set up a big pawn centre with 4.e4. However, 3.Nf3 is often played instead as a way of avoiding the Nimzo-Indian Defence (which would follow after 3.Nc3 Bb4). After 3.Nf3, Black usually plays 3...b6 (the Queen's Indian Defence) or 3...d5 (leading to the Queen's Gambit Declined), but can instead play 3...Bb4+, the Bogo-Indian, named after Efim Bogoljubov. This opening is not as popular as the Queen's Indian, but is seen occasionally at all levels.
White has three viable moves to meet the check. 4.Nc3 is a transposition to the Kasparov Variation of the Nimzo-Indian, therefore the main independent variations are 4.Bd2 and 4.Nbd2.
4.Bd2 is the most common line, the bishop on b4 is now threatened and Black needs to decide what to do about it.
- The simplest is to trade off the bishop by means of 4... Bxd2+; this line is not particularly popular, but has been played frequently by the Swedish grandmaster Ulf Andersson, often as a drawing line.
4... Qe7 defending the bishop, and deferring the decision of what to do until later is the most common.
- David Bronstein tried the sharper alternative 4... a5 grabbing some space on the queenside at the cost of some structural weaknesses.
- A more modern line is 4... c5, after 5.Bxb4 cxb4, Black's pawns are doubled, and a pawn has been pulled away from the centre, but the b4 pawn can also be annoying for White since it takes the c3-square away from the knight. In fact, one of White's major alternatives is 6.a3, trading off this pawn at once.
- Simply retreating the bishop by means of 4... Be7 is also possible; Black benefits from losing a tempo since the white bishop is misplaced at d2. The line is somewhat passive, but solid.
4.Nbd2 is an alternative aiming to acquire the bishop for the knight or forcing Black's bishop to retreat. The downside is that the knight is developed to a square where it blocks the bishop, and d2 is a less active square than c3. The line is described in the Gambit Guide as "ambitious". Black's most common replies are 4...b6, 4...0-0, and 4...d5.
This opening gives rise to the Monticelli Trap.
Unless the game transposes to another opening, the Bogo-Indian is classified as E11 by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings.
ca:Defensa Bogo ndia cs:Bogoljubova indick obrana de:Bogoljubow-Indische Verteidigung es:Defensa Bogoindia fr:D fense Bogo-indienne is:B g -indversk v rn it:Difesa Bogo-indiana lb:Bogoljubow-Indesch Verdeedegung ja: no:Bogoindisk nn:Bogoindisk pl:Obrona Bogoljubowa pt:Defesa Bogo- ndia fi:Bogointialainen puolustus zh: